IJETER | International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Engineering Research (IJETER)

Welcome to International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Engineering Research (IJETER)


Volume 4, Issue 12, December (2016)

S.No Title & Authors Full Text
1 A Python Tool for Outcome Based Education (APTOBE)
Dharma Reddy Tetali, A.Karthik Reddy, Ch.Rajashekar Reddy
Abstract – The National Board of Accreditation (NBA) was established by AICTE (All India Council of Technical Education), for periodic evaluations of technical institutions according to specified norms and recommended standards. Such accreditation would enforce the institutions to follow the standard processes, and finally benefit their graduates. Outcome-based education (OBE) has become a critical aspect of accreditation process. OBE specifications are to be adopted in both curriculum and instructional approaches. OBE insists on student centered learning. It concentrates on measuring students' achievement in accordance with the program outcomes based on summative and formative assessments. Faculty are currently using Microsoft spread sheets towards these assessments. These are customized to measure the outcomes in different courses, laboratories, Mini projects and projects. APTOBE is a tool developed to assist in this process. This paper describes the development and utilization of this tool along with an example evaluation of the course entitled 'Data ware Housing and Data mining'. This tool assists faculty to construct queries based on the structure of blooms Taxonomy. It also addresses the respective course outcomes and program outcomes. This tool generates reports depicting the query density on course and program outcomes. The systematic approach adopted in this tool, has improved faculty alertness in designing relatively good questions.
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2 A Study on Preference towards Online Shopping Among College Students with Reference to Perundurai Region
K.Sivasubramani, Dr.N.S.Santhi
Abstract – E-shopping (electronic shopping) is nothing but buying of purchasing goods or service online by giving online or offline payments. The specialty of E-shopping is that with a single click of computer mouse, you can order anything from the vast range of products and service. Trustworthiness of e-commerce websites makes these e-retailers more successful. Online shopping portal can attract more customers if it provides vast varieties of products, clear information, good feedback, secure online transactions, and privacy policy. Unlimited choices are made available to the customers by number of e-shops available online.E shopping made the people capable of purchasing anything through the internet. Now - a - days, not only the people who are reluctant to go to the market but also almost all people willing to buy goods and service online. Internet has made available all the things which are even not available in local market. And this is the specialty of e-commerce.There are more benefits of E-shopping rather than barriers. Because of such advantages for consumer the popularity of ‘online shopping’ is increasing day by day. And this is also main reason behind rapidly spreading online market.
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3 A Novel Scrutiny of Different Torus Topologies: Survey
T. MadhuBala, S. Sobana
Abstract – This paper deals with the different torus topologies of the network. The topology of the network plays a very important role in Network on Chip (NoC). Topology of the network determines how the components must be placed and organized together. There are different kinds of topology used in NoC such as mesh, torus, etc. The performance of torus topology is improved by varying the structure as twisted torus, folded torus. Here a small survey of the torus based topological network and the new king torus network with its benefits is discussed. The path selection is mainly based on the routing algorithm so the shortest path between the source and destination is easily estimated. So that the overall latency gets reduced and throughput gets increased.
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4 A Study on properties of Light weight Concrete using Expanded Poly Styrene Beads by observing Density and Stress-Strain Curves
G. Venkatesh, Dr. T. Suresh Babu, M. Praveen Kumar
Abstract – Thermocol is a commercial name of Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) which is widely used as equipments handling tool during transportation to absorb vibration. After the EPS becomes a disposal waste. Disposal is difficult because EPS is non-biodegradable. Due to its lightness, it serves as aggregate in concrete as it can be replaced partially or fully in the place of Natural Fine Aggregate or Natural Coarse Aggregate. EPS can be replaced for Coarse or Fine aggregate by making it into different sizes by Modifying Heat Treatment process. The resulting product is called as Modified Polystyrene (MEPS) Beads. In the present study the natural coarse and fine aggregates are replaced partially with different percentages of MEPS such as 20%,40%,60%,80% and 100% respectively for medium grade concretes to find out the Fresh properties such as Workability, Hardened properties such as Density and Stress-Strain behavior. A series of Cylinders were casted for the above five different proportions and the Mechanical Properties are determined. The variation of each property with respect to the percentage replacement of MEPS are represented in the graphical form.
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5 Determinants Forming Uber Consumers’ Preferences in Bandung City, Indonesia
Shafaira Ghea Natyari, Mahir Pradana
Abstract – Being a tourist destination, the city of Bandung is bring in revenue, but in additon it also raises problems, namely congestion. Increased motor vehicles of the tourist on the roads can obviously add to the congestion, this is because the number of vehicles owned by residents of Bandung was already very much that the precentage of 94% of vihicles there is a private vehicles. It is caused by a lack of interest in the city of Bandung to use public transportation less well managed. With many existing private vehicles and a lack of public interest in public transport, Uber mobile applications company that offers transportation services are present in the city of Bandung with the concept of sharing business economy. This mobile application can be a meeting place owners of vehicles that are partners Uber with the Uber pessengers that can be downloaded on smartphone and can be accessed with an internet connection. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors what are some of forming consumer preference in using Uber services in the city of Bandung. This research is a quantitative study using data analysis techniques that factor analysis, as well as using a sampling technique that nonprobability sampling with sub sampling techniques that incidential sampling. Respondents were examinated in this study of 100 people who are users Uber services in the city of Bandung. The results showed that there are five factors early into consumer preferences in using Uber services in the city of Bandung, among others: tariffs, practically, trust, comfort, and sefety. The result showed also that in this study formed a new factor called factor Uber competitive advantage as well as the most dominant factor that into consumer preferences in using the services Uber namely comfort factor.
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6 On the Negative Pell Equation
K.Meena, M.A.Gopalan, A.Jesintha Mary
Abstract – The binary quadratic equation represented by the negative pellian y2=7x2-12 is analyzed for its distinct integer solutions. A few interesting relations among the solutions are given. Further, employing the solutions of the above hyperbola, we have obtained solutions of other choices of hyperbolas, parabolas and special Pythagorean triangle.
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7 Corridor Management for Nellore City from KVR Petrol Bunk to Ayyappa Temple Circle
Y. Divya, M. Anvesh Kumar, Dr. T. Suresh Babu
Abstract – Traffic and transportation problems in Nellore City have not been commensurate with the increasing demands for its usage. The city expanded dynamically without any planning and control due to the rapid socioeconomic changes. Nellore City is the south end of Andhra region in Andhra Pradesh which is 130 kms away from Chennai. There is huge development in terms of setting up of Special Economic Zones (SEZ’s) which created more employability to the people either directly or indirectly. In addition this, one of the India’s largest port namely Krishnapatnam Port Company Limited is established in 2006 with national importance which is just 20 Kms from the Nellore city. Because of the newly establishment of such a huge port nearer to the Nellore city, so much employability has been generated in and around the Nellore city. It will drastically changes the scenario of Nellore city. The present transportation infrastructure is inadequate to cater to the increasing traffic. Improper design of junctions, inadequate carriageway width and irregular parking on the carriageway are reducing the flow rate on the corridors. In order to alleviate all these problems corridor management is necessary. The corridor, from KVR Petrol Bunk junction to Ayyappa Gudi Junction is much need of immediate improvements and hence are taken for the study. Detailed surveys, both physical and traffic are organized all along these links. Level of service analysis with the volume capacity ratios is carried out. Along with this delay analysis is also carried out at junctions. In this study an attempt has been made to assess the delay and capacity from the developed models. By using v/c ratio level of service is predicted. Depending up on these parameters critical sections are identified, where the problems are acute, so that the restrictive and alternative measures could be suggested to solve at least some of the traffic problems in Nellore city.
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8 Power Quality Control in Three Phase Four Wire System by Using PR Controller
Snehal Ashok Talele, Ajit Pandharinath Chaudhari, Rajesh Chudaman Patil
Abstract – This paper presents improvement of power quality in three phase four system by using Proportional resonant (PR) controller. Selective harmonic compensation is possible with PR controller because it provide gain at a certain frequency and almost no gain exits at the other frequency. Three phase four wire distribution system are very common and widely used in commercial and industrial installations and therefore power system harmonics in this area take a more attention. In a linear system the characteristic of the voltage and current are sinusoidal in nature. The current contain only one frequency, the main frequency or the so called fundamental frequency. Beside this 60 Hz component there are no other frequencies and therefore there are no harmonic component .On the other hand non linear load changes the sinusoidal nature of the Ac power current, resulting in the flow of harmonic current in the A.c power system. Harmonics are the current or voltages with frequencies that are integer multiple of the fundamental power frequency. Different current controller are used to remove these harmonics .In this paper we use Proportional Resonant (PR) controller which is used in current control for grid control applications where the requirement are to synchronize the current with the constant grid frequency and compensate for the low harmonics . MATLAB/SIMULINK has been employed for presenting the simulation results because it is well established and recognized simulation software for the power system.
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9 Simulation of Cloud Computing Environment using CloudSim
Pankaj Sareen, Dr. Tripat Deep Singh
Abstract – Cloud computing is a recent advancement wherein IT infrastructure and applications are provided as ‘services’ to end users under a usage-based payment model. Analyzing and testing different scheduling and allocation algorithms for the development of these applications on a real cloud environment is really challenging because most of the cloud applications show changing incoming requests and moreover testing algorithms on a real cloud can cost us a lot. For testing the effectiveness of a particular policy that is to be implemented on a cloud we need a simulation environment that can provide us an environment that is close to the actual cloud, and can generate results that can help us in the analysis of the policies so that we can deploy them on actual Clouds. The CloudSim toolkit supports both system and behavior modeling of Cloud system components such as data centers, virtual machines (VMs) and resource provisioning policies. It implements generic application provisioning techniques that can be extended with ease and limited effort. Currently, it supports modeling and simulation of Cloud computing environments and also it exposes custom interfaces for implementing policies and provisioning techniques for allocation of VMs under Cloud computing scenarios. Several researchers are using CloudSim in their investigation. This paper defines CloudSim and then explores it’s all variants available in CloudSim such as CloudAnalyst, GreenCloud, Network CloudSim, EMUSIM and MDCSim. Comparison of all CloudSim Variant with respect to networking, platform and language is also made in this paper. This paper highlights the brief introduction and working of CloudSim. Further this work focuses about important parameters which are required to include in real life cloud based application. This paper also talks about working of CloudSim and how to implement cloud infrastructure in CloudSim with example.
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10 A Study on Influence of Fly Ash and Nano-Silica on Durability at M30 and M60 Grade Concretes
Kalakati.Janardhan, Dr.T.Suresh Babu
Abstract – Cement consumption in any country is directly related to the country’s infrastructure sector and thus growth in determining the development of the country. World demand for cement is projected to rise 4.5% per year to 5.2 billion metric in 2019.India is the second largest producer of cement in the world. Cement has a negative impact over Environmental, because at the time of manufacturing it emits about a ton of greenhouse gas (CO2) into the atmosphere for every ton of cement manufactured. Production of Portland cement not only releases 7% of the World’s carbon dioxide, the cement industry also uses a lot of natural resources such as limestone, clay, petroleum, coal and other substances to preserve the natural resources and to reduce the pollution due to the production of cement is by limiting the cement content in the concrete without compromising the strength. There were efforts before to partially replace cement in concrete with new compounds and industry by-products. The Aim of the present experimental investigation is to find the influence of combined application of Nano-Silica (NS) and Fly Ash (FA) on the strength properties of concrete. Fly Ash and Nano-Silica are used as partial replacement of cement. In the present experimental investigation the cement is partially replaced by 0%, 10%, 20% and 30% of Fly Ash and Nano-Silica 0%, 1.5%, 3% and 4.5% by weight. The effect of combined application of Fly Ash and Nano-Silica on Workability and Durability of M30 and M60 grades are concretes is investigated. The test results of concrete prepared using the combination of different proportions of Fly Ash and Nano-Silica are compared with that of controlled concrete. The variation of different test results of concrete prepared with various proportions of Fly Ash and Nano-Silica indicates the same trend. Based on the test results, it can be observed that concrete prepared with20% Fly Ash and 3% Nano-Silica combination possesses improved strength properties compared to the controlled concrete. The increase in the various strength characteristics of concrete prepared using Fly Ash and Nano-Silica can be attributed to the effective particle packing and the also the availability of additional binder in the presence of Fly-Ash and Nano-Silica .
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11 A Study on Mechanical Properties of Fibre Reinforced High Strength Concrete
S.Hymavathi, P.Raghava
Abstract – Concrete is probably the most extensively used construction material in the world. Cement production is consuming significant amount of natural resources. Silica fume is a new mineral admixture, whose potential is not fully utilized. Moreover only limited studies have been carried out in India on the use of silica fume for the development of high strength concrete with addition of steel fibers and glass fibers. The study focuses on the compressive strength performance containing different percentage of silica fume and steel fiber as a partial replacement of HSC. The cement in concrete is replaced accordingly with Silica fume content was use from 0% to 20%. So to improve the strength of concrete steel fibers and glass were added0%, 0.5%, 1%, 1.5% by weight of steel fiber. Concrete cubes are tested at the age of 28 days of curing. Finally, the strength performance of silica fume is compared with the performance of conventional concrete. From the experimental investigations, it has been observed that, the optimum replacement silica fume to cement and steel fiber, glass fibers \without changing much the compressive strength respectively for M50, M60 and M70 grades of Concrete.
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12 Effect of Swimmer Bars on Reinforced Concrete Beams
M.Hemanthkumar, P .Mounika, Dr.T.Suresh Babu
Abstract – Shear failure of reinforced concrete beams is usually sudden, occur without sufficient advanced warning. This type of shear failure is considered to be high risk type of failure. The cost and safety of shear reinforcement in reinforced concrete beams led to the study of other alternatives. Designers try to avoid the shear mode of failure when designing reinforced concrete beam due to the sudden nature of shear failure. Swimmer bar system is a new type of shear reinforcement. It is a small inclined bar, with its both ends bent horizontally for a short distance and welded to both top and bottom flexural steel reinforcement. Regardless of the number of swimmer bars used in each inclined plane, the swimmer bars from plane-crack interceptor system instead of bar-crack interceptor system when stirrups are used. Test results of reinforced concrete beams will be presented. The effectiveness of the new swimmer bar system as related to the old stirrup system will be discussed. Beam deformation is also measured in the laboratory.
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13 A Comparative Study of Mechanical Properties of M20 Grade Self-curing Concrete with Conventional Concrete
K. Vybhav Reddy, M.Praveen Kumar, Dr.T.Suresh Babu
Abstract – Nowadays concrete is most commonly used building material because it gives good strength results. As per survey the usage of cement rapidly increases from 1.5 2.2 billion tons from 1995 to 2010 (Malhotra, 1999). The durability and strength characteristics of concrete is depends on curing, optimum strength is reached by proper curing. Moisture content, humidity and temperature conditions are influence the curing. The minimum curing time of concrete is 28 days; it gives good hydrations and good strength results. So water/cement ratio place important role in curing. We need proper water/cement ratio to hydrate cement particles of cement and for good bonding in between particles. The water/cement ratio will also be effect the strength of concrete structures. The water/cement ratio of range 0.35-0.45 is give better results. The aim to this investigation is to study the strength and durability properties of concrete using water-soluble polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl acetate and polyvinyl alcohol as self-curing agents. The function of self-curing agent is reduces water evaporation and increase water retention capacity of concrete compared to the nominal concrete. The use of self-curing compounds is saving water, it is necessity everyday (for each cubic meter of concrete requires 3m3 of water in a construction, most of which is used for curing). In this study, compressive strength and split tensile strength of concrete containing self-curing agent is investigated and compared with those of nominal concrete. In this project we study the self-curing compound i.e. polyethylene glycol (PEG-600), polyvinyl acetate and polyvinyl alcohol. It is also known as shrinkage reducing admixture. The polyethylene glycol helps in curing, the concrete with mix water only. Generally the weight of self-curing compound is taken as 0.3% weight of cement. In this we study the PEG, polyvinyl acetate polyvinyl alcohol at different proportions of 0.5%, 1%, 2%, 3% and 4% for M20 mix grade. Also study the compressive strength and spilt tensile strength at varying percentages of PEG, polyvinyl acetate, polyvinyl alcohol and compared to nominal concrete.
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14 Brain Tumor Segmentation Based On a Various Classification Algorithm
A.Udhaya Kunam, Dr.N.Sujatha
Abstract – Brain tumor is a mass of tissue due to the abnormal replication of cells in the brain. It is a mass of tissues which results in hormonal changes results in mortality. The prediction and prevention of brain tumor is a complex one in order to conserve human life. Now-a-days identifying of brain tumor is more flexible by means of advanced medical image processing methodologies. In order to do this, the well-known technique for brain imaging is Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) due to the absence of ionizing radiations. The major drawbacks in existing brain image processing techniques were more false positive rates with low accuracy. In this paper we intended to identify the best brain tumor detection system by comparing the performance of well known classifiers. For that, we approach a perfect brain tumor detection system by overcoming the existing shortcomings which are occur during the traditional methodologies. In the proposed method the preprocessed section is performed by median filtering and segmentation by means of morphological technique. The implementation of Genetic Algorithm (GA) based feature optimization is applied to our proposed system, for achieving higher accuracy by selecting best subset from the input images. These selected features were implied to three well known classifiers such as Decision Tree J48, k-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) and Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP). The performance of all these classifiers were discussed in the paper and the accuracy of proposed brain tumor detection system are achieved by specificity, sensitivity, accuracy and error rates.
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15 Copy-Move Image Forgery Detection Using Hybridization of SIFT and SVM Classifier
Yash Parashar, Shirish Mohan Dubey
Abstract – By means of the beginning of influential and powerful image altering softwares, image genuineness poses large obstacle for the image forensics. Persons can no more have their trust in what they see. As soon as a section of image is copied, geometrically changed and pasted on different various sites onto the very same image with the aim of cover or concealing some of the vital information, this is copy-move forgery. In the past couple of few years numerous observes for copy move forgery detection have been anticipated. This paper is using the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) and Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) alongside with Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) and Laplacian operator aimed at the detection of copy-move image forgery. Laplacian operator is using for mining feature points of image at that time; SIFT key point descriptors are extracted for the images to identify it distinguishably. After that these feature points are coordinated (matched) and classification is done with SVM classifier.
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16 An Analysis of Nano Sized Powder of Jackfruit Seed for Bio-Bag Purpose
K. Ravikodi, Dr. D. Henry Raja
Abstract – This paper reports on an investigation into the ability of nano sized jackfruit seed powder for bio-bag purpose. This approach is simple, faster, eco-friendly, cost effective and suitable for large scale production. X-Ray diffraction studies analysis particles size. Proximal, mineral, phytochemical analysis shows carbohydrate like contents, Fe2+ chelating, scavenging activities also founded. Using required incredents bio-bag sheet was formed.
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17 Password Protection Using Cryptographic Hash Technique
S.Preethika, Dr.G.Velmayil
Abstract – Internet has changed much in two decades since it came in to an existence. It conceived in the era of time sharing, survived in to the era of personal computing, client-server, peer-to-peer computing and networking is now squeezed between attacks as it moved to web application. Numerous folks use web for illegal activity. Security depends mostly on passwords to legitimize users from attackers. The foremost common authentication technique is to use alphanumeric usernames and passwords. The offenders use numerous attacks like SQL injection, DOS, Phishing, Spoofing, etc., to fetch the information from the web. SQL injection attack happens terribly to attack the database by attackers through injecting malicious query. Numerous algorithm were developed using cryptographic concepts to secure data from attacks, however salt might prove to be powerful than others. In this paper, we tend to gift the solution for securing the positive identification and sensitive information from SQL injection carried through cryptographic salt. The salt is random alphanumeric string concatenated with secret data in different databases and use hash technique to entrust the protection.
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