Welcome to International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Engineering Research (IJETER)

Volume 4, Issue 6, June (2016)

S.No Title & Authors Full Text
1 Case Study of Construction Pollution Impact on Environment
Gagnesh Jain, Vaishant Gupta, Mukesh Pandey
Abstract – Construction industry is a big industry in world approximately half of the population depend upon the construction industries directly or indirectly. It is a backbone of all sectors or maximum contribution in country economy. But negative impact of construction site pollution and activities is big challenging face for all counties like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, China, Canada, Ghana, Turkey, Taiwan, and others countries also. In these countries construction pollution increase the mortality rate and increases the different types of critical diseases patient numbers in the country. Different type’s pollution like air, water, noise, landfill pollution occurs through the construction process. Air, water, noise pollutant commonly mix in human daily and affect the human being also impact on environment and ecosystem. Pollutant of air are PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx, volatile organic compound pollution intensity has reach to become high level. In this paper author analysis the works of different researchers which have present the study on construction pollution impact. If seen on top polluted cities in world than most of cities having major construction activities. Where the impact level is high on those countries have no proper monitoring and checking the site activities. If all measures are follow on site and proper maintenance happen on site than countries reduces most of the patient in these types of diseases.
2 Conservation of Energy in Green Building Construction
Ankit Choudhary, Vaishant Gupta, Mukesh Pandey
Abstract – In today scenario the construction is important since country is developing and day to day the competition in construction industry is going high although from the nature perspective we have to adopt the sustainable development thus that the development can’t impact the character by opting numerous general construction techniques which will cut back the chance of harness the character like Rain water harvesting, BIM Model Approach to Green Building, Renewable Source (Solar Panel), Green Roof, Use of Local Available Material & Proper reuse recycle of Construction waste. In this paper the Primary Green Building Rating systems in India (Green Rating for Habitat Assessment (GRIHA), Indian Green Building Council (IGBC), and Bureau Energy Efficiency (BEE)) also discussed.
3 Crashing Analysis of Rear under Run Protection Device (RUPD)
Ravi P. Mohod, Girish Lonare
Abstract – This paper concentrates on studying, modelling & analysis of a Rear under Run Protection (RUPD) system under crashing status. The prime objective is to improve the safety of the car and the occupants by designing the RUPD. The selection of material and the structural design are the two major factors for impact energy absorption during a crash. It is important to know the material & mechanical properties and failure conditions during the impact. This study concentrates on study about RUPD and also the various factors influencing rear under run protection device. This study is a partial work of a major project wherein the RUPD will be subjected to explicit dynamic testing with variable load distributions at different location on RUPD. Under-running of passenger vehicles is one of the important parameters to be considered during design, optimization & development of heavy commercial vehicle chassis. In INDIA, the legal requirements of a RUPD are fixed in regulation IS 14812-2005 which are derived from ECE R 58, which provides strict requirements in terms of device design and its behaviour under loading that the device needs to fulfil for the approval of commercial vehicles.
4 Relation of Z-transform and Laplace Transform in Discrete Time Signal with property R.O.C
Sunetra S. Adsad, Mona V. Dekate
Abstract – An introduction to Z and Laplace transform, there relation with properties of ROC is the topic of this paper. It deals with a review of what z-transform plays role in the analysis of discrete-time single and LTI system as the Laplace transform does in the analysis of continuous-time signals and L.T.I. And what does the specific region of convergence represent. A pictorial representation of the region of convergence has been sketched and relation is discussed.
5 Efficient High Resolution Multi-Depth-Map Using Raytracing
S.Masophin Salomi, C.Hariram
Abstract – The enormous advances of the acquisition technology over the last years, fast processing and high-quality visualization of large point clouds have gained increasing attention. Commonly, a mesh surface is reconstructed from the point cloud and a high-resolution texture is generated over the mesh from the images taken at the site to represent surface materials. However, this global reconstruction and texturing approach becomes impractical with increasing data sizes. In this paper, we present a novel method to break these dependencies by introducing an efficient raytracing of multiple depth maps. In a preprocessing phase, we first generate high-resolution textured depth maps by rendering the input points from image cameras and then perform a graph-cut based optimization to assign a small subset of these points to the images. At runtime, we use the resulting point-to-image assignments (1) to identify for each view ray which depth map contains the closest ray-surface intersection and (2) to efficiently compute this intersection point. The resulting algorithm accelerates both the texturing and the rendering of the depth maps by an order of magnitude.
6 Optimization of EDM Parameters Using Taguchi Method For HDS11
M. Murugan, T. Senthil Kumar, B.Kumaragurubaran
Abstract – Metal removal mechanism in Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) is mainly a thermal phenomenon where thermal energy is produced in plasma channel, and is dissipated though work piece, tool and dielectric. The process is mostly used in situations where machining of very hard materials, intricate parts, complex shapes. The aim of this work is to pursue the influence of three design factors current (I), pulse (V), pulse on(Ton), and pulse off (Toff) which are the most connected parameters to be controlled by the EDM process over machining specifications such as material removal rate (MRR) and characteristics of surface integrity such as average surface roughness (Ra) and the hardness (HR) and also to quantify them. The experiments were carried out as per L9 orthogonal array. Each experiment were performed under different conditions such as Ampere rating, pulse on time and pulse off time. The optimal factor for Surface Roughness, Machining timing, Material Removal rate were obtained when Pulse on time is 2μs, Pulse Off time 6 μs and Amps-8. Particularly output response was mainly depending on the pulse on time for the output Response. Contribution was Surface Roughness-38%, Machining Timing was 52%, Material Removal Rate was 84%. Through the SEM analysis found the areas from where material is removed come up as craters. The depth of crater for small discharge current was less while for a large discharge current it was found to be more.
7 Hiding of Data and Images Using Huffman Coding
V.Parameshwari, V.Logeswari, G.Pradeepkumar
Abstract – Reversible data hiding (RDH) is a technique that embeds secret data into an image in reversible manner. The secret data to be sent is embedded into an image and then transmitted to the receiver. In existing system, the secret data is embedded into an uncompressed image for transmission and LSB technique is used for encrypting an image. In proposed system, any sort of image is taken as input and then converted into JPEG format. Further they are compressed which may increase the efficiency. Here Huffman coding technique is used for image compression. Added to this the data is embedded in an image. Here both secret data and image gets encrypted using AES algorithm and then secret data is embedded into the encrypted image. Finally key is exchanged between sender and receiver through the image. With the help of the key the receiver can be able to retrieve both image and the Secret message. By doing compression before encryption will make the system more efficient. This proposed method is to be considered the patch-level sparse representation when hiding the secret data. A large vacated room can be achieved, and thus the data hider can embed more secret messages in the encrypted image.
8 Preparation and Feedstock Characterization of Starch based Binder for Injection Moulding of 316L Stainless Steel
Mohd Afian Omar, Rosliza Sauti, Noraini Wahab, Mohd Fauzan Jamaluddin
Abstract – Characterization of feedstock for Metal Injection Moulding (MIM) process is essential and ensures the quality of the injection moulded parts. This study focuses to investigate the characteristics of MIM feedstock consisting of 316L stainless steel powder mix with binder system comprising of paraffin wax (PW), rice starch (RS), stearic acid (SA) and low density polyethylene (LDPE). Particle size analysis, scanning electron micrograph (SEM), thermogavimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) were performed in order to determine the characteristics of stainless steel 316L powder and binder components. The feedstock were prepared using powder loading of 0.61, 0.63, 0.65 and 0.67 with binder formulations of 50% PW-30% RS-10% SA-10% LDPE and 40% PW-40% RS-10% SA-10% LDPE. Highest mixing torque was gained with powder loading of 0.63 stainless steel 316L powder and binder system comprising of 40% PW-40% RS-10% SA-10 % LDPE. Rheological results performed pseudoplastic behavior, where its viscosity decreased with increasing shear rate. The best feedstock with good rheological characteristics is the 0.61% powder loading feedstock with binder formulation 50% PW-30% RS-10% SA-10% LDPE. The feedstock should be injected at 95°C due to its low viscosity values which is less than 1000 Pa.s. It also performed lowest value of flow behaviour index, n and higher mouldability index which preferable as feedstock for MIM.
9 Permission Based Android Malware Detection
Sachin Dighe, Akshay Jondhale, D.J. Salunke
Abstract – Android mobile devices have arrive a widespread use since the past few years, thus leading to a developing in the number and variety of applications on the business market. However, from the overview of information security, the user control of responsive information has been shield by the quick development and rich variety of the applications. In the recent condition of the art, users are subject to responding plentiful requests for permission about using their personal data to be able execute an application. The consciousness of the user about data conservation and its relationship to permission requests is crucial for securing the user against defected software. Still, the slow transformation of users to novel technologies suggests the necessity for developing self-started tools for detecting defected software. In the present study, we analyze two main aspects of permission-based malware detection in Android applications: character selection methods and distribution algorithms. Within the framework of the assumptions specified for the study and the data used for the analysis, our findings reveal a greater performance for the Random Forest and J48 decision tree classification algorithms for most of the chooses details selection methods.
10 CPU Usage Prediction Technique for Live Migration of Virtual Machines
V.Ajantha, K.Suganthi
Abstract – Virtualization is a very important technology of cloud computing which partition the physical host into several Virtual Machines (VMs). The number of active host and their power consumption is easily managed by migrate the virtual machines based on their resource requirement and current status of the particular host. In cloud environment, Service Level Agreement (SLA) is necessary for maintaining reliable Quality of Service (QoS) between the user and data centers. The main objective is reduction of power cost and SLA violation. Live migration of the virtual machines manages the over load and under loaded situation of host which gives the ability of dynamic resource allocation on different host. The proposed technique will provide the ability of dynamic virtual machine consolidation using adaptive utilization threshold value based on CPU usage prediction which can easily manage the better SLA and reduces the number of VM migrations in between the host. The validation of the proposed technique on multiple workload traces of the Planet lab servers.
11 Improving Process Capability of Lead Time in FMCG Supply Chain
Gaurav aggarwal, Zafar Mohammed
Abstract – This study shows how to estimate the process capability of the system in term of its deliverables in real life FMCG environment. The study deals with lead time estimation of an inbound supply chain system. We will analyze the lead time and its ability to provide the service of the system. The system will be influenced by daily problems and fluctuations of market demand. So, there will be high variance in the process service delivers of the system. This case study analyzes the process capability of two juice line in a FMCG MNC of Saudi Arabia. The case presented the line ability of Line A & Line B (available with highest processing speed). Initial study results concluded that process capability of Line A & Line B as 0.38 & 0.96 respectively. We have to conduct Root cause analysis (RCA) of downtimes and improve on the area’s which are leading to lower process capability. We worked on Clean in Place (CIP) setup time, Downtime Pareto analysis, Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) & Short Interval Control (SIC). This give up improved process capability of the line as 1.13 & 1.60.
12 Design of High Performance Pipeline based Booth Algorithm
Megha jain, Pallavee Jaiswal
Abstract – In this proposed work a pipeline based algorithm for highly efficient Booth multiplier has been designed. In this work major focus is on Area, Power and Delay. In this work pipelining concept has been used. In case of Area no of LuTs is on focus, in case of Delay the no of stages are reduced by pipelining and for power reduction simultaneous clock has been used. The design has been implemented on the ISE 14.6 of XILINX. Simulation results are shown on modelsim simulator.
13 License Plate Localization by Sobel Vertical Edge Detection Method
Ascar Davix X, Oshin V J Laura, Shamili P, Sharmila Y, Soumya R P
Abstract – License Plate localization is a process in which thenumber plate is extracted from vehicle's image without direct human intervention. This method consists of four phases- preprocessing, number plate extraction, character segmentation, character recognition. This paper presents an efficient approach for number plate extraction from preprocessed vehicle input image. First of all, the input image is preprocessed using median filter and adaptive histogram equalization. Then the preprocessed image is subjected to morphological opening, image subtraction operation, image binarization,edge detection by sobel operator and morphological closing operation. The number plate is then extracted and enhanced. This method is tested under different weather and illumination conditions and success rate achieved is 97.14%.
14 Hybrid Renewable Energy System with Single DC-DC Converter for Grid Connected Distributed Generating System
Dr.R.Karthigaivel, A.S.F.Subhamathi
Abstract – This paper presents a newly modified hybrid PV-PMSG based distributed generation system proposed to reduce the system complexity with a single DC/DC boost converter driven at its peak power point. The proposed work consists of a PV MPPT controlled wind generator and PV which is the two input sources fed to the inverter which tracks the peak power point. The energy from PV is directly connected to the inverter which was given through the DC bus. The proposed work has lesser conversion stages due to less number of converters. These two sources use the current control technique to draw its peak power by modifying inverter current. To obtain peak power from these two sources, two new controllers were introduced. Finally, a DC/DC boost converter was designed the combined operation of both the controllers has been displayed and the simulation results are obtained using MATLAB.
15 Design And Implementation Of DADDA Tree Multiplier Using Adiabatic Logic On FPGA
R.Rajesh, A.Unmai
Abstract – Low power circuit designs have been an important issue VLSI design areas. Multipliers play a major role in high performance systems. The Dadda tree multiplier is considered as faster than a simple array multiplier and is an efficient implementation of a digital circuit which is multiplies two integers such multiplier which is effective both in terms of speed and power. Adiabatic logic style is said to be an attractive solution for low power electronic applications. By using Adiabatic techniques energy dissipation in PMOS network can be minimized and some of energy stored at load capacitance can be recycled instead of dissipated as heat. In this work ECRL(Efficient Charge Recovery Logic) based Dadda tree multiplier is compared with Wallace tree multiplier. xilinx 9.1 tools are used for simulation and to implement Spartan 3E family FPGA KIT.
16 SNR Estimation Algorithm for OFDM Systems
D.Srinivasa Rao, GBSR Naidu
Abstract – This paper presents a SNR estimation method for OFDM systems. The OFDM training symbols in the OFDM data are equalized by the known data in frequency domain and employed to estimate the noise variance. The second order moments of the received symbols are used to estimate the signal plus noise power in the OFDM packets. The SNRs on the subchannels and the average SNR of the packets can all be estimated. Simulation results show that the proposed method is robust to frequency selectivity in wireless channels, and its performance is considerably improved compared with the available methods.
17 Aloe Vera Juice Treatment on Water by Coagulation Flocculation Process
Tejaswinee Anil Pawar, Sagar M. Gawande
Abstract – There are various treatments to treat the water efficiently. Among these processes coagulation is the best process to remove colloidal particles from the water. Alum is the most widely used coagulant in developing countries. In this paper natural coagulant has been used as a coagulant to treat the water. Raw water sample collected from Mutha River in Pune, India. By five different Methods natural coagulant has been used in the treatment of water.
18 A Survey of Educational Portal Using Raspberry PI
K.Tamilselvan, R. Krishnaraj, Dr.P.Thangaraj, P.Sukumar
Abstract – The Lecture Recording System (LRS) provides the automatic recording of course lectures, including demonstrations and student presentations, for an entire term. The LRS can be installed in every classroom and all the systems are connected in a network. The network is controlled by the local server which is connected to the public server. The web server will get the access to the files in the public server, so that the files can be accessed by the user with the help of webpage interface.
19 Security Method for Human Finger and Palm Images Identification
K.Tamilselvan, R. Krishnaraj, P.Sukumar, T.Jayakumar
Abstract – Sclera vein pattern is used for the recognition purpose which is harmful and may cause some serious side effects to the human being. Finger and palm vein patterns are unique to each individual, even among identical twins. A hybrid approach of using finger and palm vein for the design of biometric system has been proposed. The proposed system approach simultaneously acquires the finger and palm vein databases and combines these two evidences using a hybrid comparison strategy in order to increase the accuracy and sensitivity of the system while reducing the time complexity and harmfulness to human being.
20 Design and Analysis of Conventional P-FF using 90 nm CMOS Technology
Sonam Parihar, Rachana Arya
Abstract – Over the last four decades the integrated circuit industry has evolved in a tremendous pace. This success has been driven by the scaling of device sizes leading to higher and higher integration capability, which have enabled more functionality and higher performance. The impressive evolution of modern high performance microprocessors have resulted in chips with over a billion transistors as well as multi-GHz clock frequencies. Different logic has emerged as a major area of research due to its ability to reduce the power dissipation which is the main requirement in the low power digital circuit design. It has wide applications like low power CMOS design, Nano-technology, Digital signal processing. In this paper, I will design (modify) and analysis the Conditional Discharging Flip flop circuit, at the simulation TSMC 90nm technology for 1.8 V.
21 A Segmentation and Analysis of CT Lung Images Using Graph Cut Technique and Mean Shift Analysis
R.Chinnakannan Ajith, Dr. Ebenezer Juliet
Abstract – Lung segmentation is often performed as a pre-processing step on chest Computed Tomography (CT) images because it is important to identify lung diseases in clinical evaluation. Hence, research on lung segmentation has received much attention. Computer aided diagnosis system provides early lung disease diagnoses. Till today, there are a large number of techniques available that can extract the required foreground from the background. In this project, two efficient segmentation techniques like graph cut and mean shift analysis are studied, implemented and tested with CT lung images. The graph cut based segmentation method has obtained a huge attention because it uses both regional and boundary information. This graph cut segmentation technique uses min-cut algorithm to separate lung from the background. In Mean shift segmentation technique, the bandwidth parameter is estimated using fixed bandwidth estimation. Particle swam optimization algorithm is used to optimize this bandwidth parameter. Finally, the segmentation results obtained from both the techniques are compared using True Positive Rate and False Positive Rate. The result of segmentation can help the radiologist in early diagnoses of lung diseases. Graph cut segmentation takes a less time for processing but mean shift segmentation takes a more time compare then graph cut. The Both algorithm is also applicable for other parts of human body, such as liver, brain.
22 An Experimental Investigation and Evaluation of SS430 Using Nd- YAG Laser Welding Process
S. Kamatchisankaran, N. Sheik Thavudu, S. Roseline, Dr. S. Guharaja
Abstract – Stainless steel as a welded joint has very important applications in industry. In this project, laser welding of stainless steel was studied at different values of laser power, pulse width and frequency, and keeping beam diameter as constant. A 9.9 kW ALPHA LASER AL200 Nd:YAG laser was used. The experiments were carried out in two sets on an SS430 ferritic stainless steel plate (100 x 100 x2.5 mm). Metallurgical and mechanical characterizations were carried to evaluate the weld beads. Macro and micro structural analysis is carried done to evaluate the bead profile and microstructures. Mechanical properties of the welded seam were evaluated by hardness and tensile strength testing. Durable joining was achieved only when the laser power is 2.2KW, Pulse width is 3.6 μs and Frequency is 14Hz. The Percentage of contribution found in ANOVA for each Process parameters were result of maximum tensile strength is based on the pulse width-41 percent and result of minimum hardness is based on the Power- 80 percent. The results of the various tests and examinations enabled definition of the best position for the incident laser beam with respect to the joint, for welding together the stainless steels. Microstructure revels that, it contains coarser ferrite grains with randomly distributed carbides. Due to laser beam welding and fast solidification. It forms dendritic grain structure in the outer portion of the weld, and equiaxed axial grains in the central regions of the weld.
23 Theory of Laplace and Fourier Transform With Its Applications
Abstract – The concept of Laplace Transformation and Fourier Transformation play a vital role in various areas of science and engineering. In solving problems relating to these fields, one usually encounters problems on time invariants, differential equations, time and frequency domains for non-periodic wave forms. This paper will discuss the fundamentals of Laplace transform and Fourier transform and basic applications of these fundamentals to electric circuits and signal design and solution to related problems.
24 CORMAN Using Delivery Predictability Metric
T.K. Riyas, Dr. P.S. Prakash
Abstract – The variation of link quality of wireless channels has been a challenging issue in data communications. The same broadcast transmission may be observed differently, and usually independently, by receivers at different geographic locations. The combination of link-quality variation along with the broadcasting nature of wireless channels has revealed a new direction in the research of the wireless networking namely, cooperative communication. We also consider the issue of routing in intermittently coupled networks. In such like networks there is no guarantee that a fully connected path between the source and the destination exists at any time, rendering traditional routing protocols unable to deliver messages between the hosts. Here, in this article, we tackle the problem of opportunistic data transfer in mobile ad hoc networks and able to deliver more messages with lower communication overhead. Solution is called Cooperative Opportunistic Routing in Mobile Ad hoc Networks (CORMAN) using delivery predictability metric. It helps not to transfer message to every nodes in range, but to the most likely node. Also other nodes helps the process by transferring the missing message.
25 A Study on Design and Implementation of Butterworth, Chebyshev and Elliptic Filter with MatLab
Manjit Sandhu, Sukhdeep Kaur, Jaipreet Kaur
Abstract – In the field of digital signal processing, the function of a filter is to remove unwanted parts of the signal such as random noise that is also undesirable. To remove noise from the speech signal transmission or to extract useful parts of the signal such as the components lying within a certain frequency range. Filters are broadly used in signal processing and communication systems in applications such as channel equalization, noise reduction, radar, audio processing, speech signal processing, video processing, biomedical signal processing that is noisy ECG, EEG, EMG signal filtering, electrical circuit analysis and analysis of economic and financial data. In this paper, three types of infinite impulse response filter i.e. Butterworth, Chebyshev type I and Elliptical filter have been discussed theoretically and experimentally. Butterworth, Chebyshev type I and elliptic low pass, high pass, bandpass and band stop filter have been designed in this paper using MATLAB Software. The impulse responses, magnitude responses, phase responses of Butterworth, Chebyshev type I and Elliptical filter for filtering the speech signal have been observed in this paper. Analyzing the Speech signal, its sampling rate and spectrum response have also been found.
26 Adiabatic Logic For Low Power Digital Design
Umesh A. Pathak, Girish Kulkarni
Abstract – There are so many strategies implemented to reduce the power consumption in CMOS digital design. Many of them are based on complement form and clock signals. In CMOS digital design power consumption can be reduced by reducing the supply voltage, decreasing capacitance and reducing the switching activities. These techniques are not suitable in today痴 CMOS design scenario. So many researchers are working on new design techniques which will help in reducing the dynamic power consumption. Most of the research is focused on Adiabatic logic which is proved to be the excellent technique to design the low power digital circuits. In this paper we focus on the adiabatic logic with complementary energy path dual pass transistor logic (DPLCEPAL). Conventional NAND, NOR and EX-OR/NOR gates are compared with the DPL-CEPAL NAND, NOR and EX-OR/NOR gates. It is proved that DPL-CEPAL technique is superior to conventional technology as far as power consumption is concerned. This DPL-CEPAL technology can be used to design the full adder cell and multiplier cell which are the core part of any ALU processor.
27 Image Fusion Using Biorthogonal & Fast Discrete Wavelet Transform
Sanjeev B. Patil, Dhiraj Agrawal
Abstract – The proposed method of image fusion uses the biorthogonal wavelet transform for decomposing and reconstruction of the source images. The overall fusion scheme based on biorthogonal wavelet transform .Firstly, we decompose source images of same scene using Biorthogonal wavelet transform (BWT) and then coefficients obtained are merged using absolute maximum selection fusion rule. We have used wavelet and scaling functions used in BWT for decomposition of source images. The selection of proper wavelet for decomposition varies from application to application. Although vanishing moment and regularity (smoothness) of wavelet can be considered to decide wavelet function. For image fusion application, selection of wavelet with sufficient vanishing moment is desired. Therefore, we have used biorthogonal filters to get desired number of vanishing moments. The coefficients obtained by decomposition of source images are fused using absolute maximum fusion rule. Image fusion is to combine relevant information from two or more images of the same scene into a single composite image which is more informative and is more suitable for human and machine perception. More efficient algorithm involving only real operations for computing the Fast Discrete Cosine Transform (FDCT) of N points.
28 Performance Enhancement of Channel Estimation in MIMO OFMD in Presences of ICI
Monika Pal, R P Singh
Abstract – Wireless media depends on three parameters which defines its quality. These parameters are its transmission range, transmission rate and reliability. In OFDM, quality of one paramter can be increased on the cost of decreasing the other two parameters. The three parameters can be improved together by combining MIMO with OFDM. Channel estimation is an essential tasks of MIMO-OFDM system. This task can be excellently achieved by genetic algorithm. In this paper along with OFDM different systems are being used along with diiferent modulation techniques. In this, we are applying a new Modulation scheme called as the Magnitude Keyed Modulation combined with OFDM system, it provides immunity from ICI and thus improves the overall system performance, maintaining a low PAPR ,high SNR and improvement in Bit Error Rate performance.
29 An Improvement in Speech Signals Corrupted by Impulsive Noise using Wavelets Wiener Filter and ICA Technique
Neha Verma, Lalit Singh Garia
Abstract – The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of noises on performance of speech signal de-noising using the method based on wavelets, wiener filtering and ICA. Determination of voiced and unvoiced speech, low and high pitch, and methods for selecting appropriate wavelets for speech compression are discussed. Discrete wavelet transform (DWT) has been applied for suppression of additive noise. Soft thresholding are used in the process to detect time occurrence of noise corrupting the signal. Based on the number of samples at a stretch that are corrupted, wiener filter with a variable size window compressed them by wavelet transform then create an Improved ICA (Independent component analysis) technique which will remove artifacts of speech signal. The results of stimulation show that proposed techniques provide enhancement in quality and intelligibility of speech signal.
30 An Advance Approach for Data Storage Security in Cloud Computing
G.Rajesh, Dr.K.Sathish Kumar, Satkuri.Sudarshan
Abstract – Cloud computing is now days coming out of field because of its doing a play, high able to use, low price. In the cloud many services are on condition that to the client by cloud. Knowledge for computers store is main future that cloud Service provides to the companies to store very great amount of place for storing amount of room. But still many companies are not ready to give effect to cloud computing technology needing payment to exist without of right safety control agreement and feebleness in system of care for trade which lead to many questioning in cloud computing .. The main ends of this paper are, 1) To put a stop to knowledge for computers way in from not with authority way in, it offer a made distribution design to make ready safety of the facts in cloud. This could be achieved by using homomorphism things like money with made distribution verification of erasure-coded facts. 2) offered design through being without error stores the knowledge for computers and takes to be the same the any tamper at the cloud server.3) And also acts some of the tasks like knowledge for computers changing knowledge, taking out, joining. This paper also provides a process to keep from Collusion attacks of computer adjustment by not with authority users. The offered techniques is been putting into effect and results are made clear at the under.
31 Component Clustering Based on the Reusability through Relational K-Means Technique
Matrika Sinha, Shreya Jain
Abstract – Software engineering is the application of engineering to the design, development, implementation and maintenance of software in a systematic method. Today most of the applications developed using some existing libraries, codes, open sources etc. As a code is accessed in a program, it is is represented as the software component. These components are able to use programming code or controls that excel the code development. A component based software system defines the concept of software reusability. Software reuse is that the method of making software systems from existing computer code instead of building them from scratch. Hard and soft clustering method used in this paper. The objective is to cluster the component in a judicial way. The result is found that hard partitioning allow with relational matrix performing better than the object with fuzzy partition.
32 Experimental Investigation on Surface Roughness and Material Removal Rate during Turning of EN8 Steel
B.Suresh, Pon.Azhagiri, T.Senthil Kumar, B.Kumarakurubaran
Abstract – The present paper is an experimental study to investigate the effect of cutting parameters (cutting speed, depth of cut and feed) surface roughness and material removal rate (MRR) during turning of EN8 steel. Turning experiments were conducted with cutting speeds: 1000,1250,1500 rpm , feeds: 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 mm/rev and depth oh cuts: 0.3, 0.4, 0.5 mm. The experimental layout was designed based on the Taguchi’s analysis. Orthogonal array technique and analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to identify the effect of the cutting parameters on the response variables. Finally, the relationship between cutting parameters and the performance measures (machining time, surface roughness and material removal rate) were developed by using multiple regression analysis.
33 Integrated Online Social Network and Expert System in Knowledge Sharing
Yeldho Joy, R. Veeraselvan, Dona Francis
Abstract – The previous method of knowledge sharing was limited in either in social network group or through network search. But the OSN(Online Social Network) will fail because of lack of experts in their group, many of un answered queries because of scarcity of experts with in the group. This paper we integrating the expert system and social network and there by elaborating boundaries of knowledge through out the network.
34 Effect on Geotechnical Properties of Clayey Soil Stabilised with Iron Ore Mine Tailing and Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag
Rishu Jain, A. K. Singhai
Abstract – Soil Stabilisation in a broad sense, incorporates the various methods employed for modifying the properties of a soil to improve its engineering performance. Stabilisation is being used for a variety of engineering works, the most common application being in the construction of road and air-field pavements, where the main objective is to increase the strength or stability of soil and to reduce the construction cost by making best use of the locally available waste materials. Methods of stabilisation may be grouped under two main types: Modification or improvement of a soil property of the existing soil without any admixture. Modification of the properties with the help of admixtures. Compaction and drainage are the examples of the first type, which improves the inherent shear strength of soil. Examples of the first type are mechanical stabilisation and stabilisation with cement, lime, bitumen and chemicals or other additives belongs to second type. In this investigation, industrial waste Iron ore mine tailing and Ground granulated blast furnace slag were used to improve the engineering properties of soil. This investigation involves the determination of the various properties of soil i.e. Particle size distribution, Atteberg’s limits, OMC, MDD and CBR were determined for the prepared samples. The various tests were performed in natural soil sample as well as when mixed with different proportion of IRON ORE mine tailing and GGBFS from 3 to 15% at interval of 3% and 5 to 25% at the interval of 5% respectively.
35 Animal Health Monitoring System Using Zigbee
Midhya Raj, Anitha Priya, Dona Francis
Abstract – This paper present an autonomous animal health monitoring system using zigbee. Here the physiological conditions of the animals are monitored by sensors and the output of these sensors is transmitted via zigbee there by signal is sent to the server ,from there signal is acquire to a server system. The remote wireless monitor is constructed of Zigbee and Personal Computer (PC). The measured signal has to be sent to the PC, which can be data collection. The advantages of this paper is that it will consider more parameter like temperature, humidity ,pressure,there by prior detection of possible diseases are done. In particular, when measured signals cross the standard value, the personal computer will send a message to the caretaker’s mobile phone.
36 Conceptual Model for Healthcare Information Systems based on IOT & Cloud Services
Satinder Kaur, Simmi Bagga
Abstract – Today, information technology industry is working on two hot areas i.e. cloud computing & Internet of things. These areas have also a wide application fields. Application fields now rely more on virtualization rather than permanent infrastructure. But these areas have limited application in medical field. This paper discusses how cloud computing in combination with internet of things can provide services to patients to diagnose their health problems. A model is prepared at conceptual level for providing healthcare information system at remote sites. Physical as well as logical view of model is presented with some challenges for its implementation.
37 A Detailed Study of Security Aspects in Cloud Computing
NagaRaju Pamarth, Nagamalleswara Rao N
Abstract – Cloud computing has become a buzz word in present era of technology. Cloud is nothing but an internet. It provides organizations and individuals with a cost-effective utility, empowering businesses by delivering software and services over the Internet to a large number of users. But, on the other hand security in cloud computing is still a biggest problem. This paper discuss about the various security issues confined to cloud computing, some the security implemented mechanisms, techniques to deal with risks and threats, case study of windows azure.
38 Analysis of Physical Properties of Fuel Pellets
Yugandhara Dinesh Gujar, Dr. S. B. Thakare, S. M. Gawande
Abstract – This article gives the overall view of the articles published in International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Engineering Research. Abstract should be written in a motivate manner such a way it should make the readers to browse through the article completely. Abstract must be written with Times New Roman font with font size 9. Authors can make use of this template in preparing their final version of the manuscripts.
39 Minimization and Utilization of Oil Soaked Cotton Waste
Yugandhara Dinesh Gujar, Dr. S. B. Thakare, S. M. Gawande
Abstract – Oil soaked cotton waste is considered as hazardous waste. In automobile industries and workshops, oil soaked cotton waste is generated during the manufacturing process on huge quantity. Safe disposal of cotton waste is the main issue of solid waste management of industry. Oil soaked cotton waste is categorized under incinerable hazardous waste as per Hazardous waste (Management, Handling and Trans Boundary Movement Rule, 2008). In this context, to solve the issue of disposal of oil soaked cotton waste, pellets will be produced from them using binder and additives as a fuel alternative.
40 Experimental Investigation on Phase Change Material
M.Aravindhan, R. Ayyasamy, N. Mathiazhagan
Abstract – The use of a latent heat storage system using phase change materials (PCMs) is an effective way of storing thermal energy and has the advantages of high-energy storage density and the isothermal nature of the storage process. PCMs have been widely used in latent heat thermal storage systems for heat pumps, solar engineering, and spacecraft thermal control applications. The uses of PCMs for heating and cooling applications for buildings have been investigated within the past decade. There are large numbers of PCMs that melt and solidify at a wide range of temperatures, making them attractive in a number of applications. This paper also summarizes the investigation and analysis of the available thermal energy storage systems incorporating PCMs for use in different applications.
41 Gear Shaping Attachment in a Shaper Machine
P.Parthiban, R. Ayyasamy, N. Mathiazhagan
Abstract – The objectives of the project to design and fabrication of gear shifting system for shaper machine. It can be designed by attached with shaper machine. A shaping machine is used to machine surfaces. It can cut curves, angles and many other shapes. It is a popular machine in a workshop because its movement is very simple although it can produce a variety of work. A shaper is used to machine a single job by using a single point cutting tool and hence it cannot be used for high production rates. This project intends to use pneumatic shaper for high production of automatic gear cutting with auto indexing work piece. A small ratchet gear structure has been thus devised to demonstrate the gear cutting attachment in shaping machines. The pneumatic source of power with control accessories is used to drive the ram or the cylinder piston to obtain the forward and return strokes. By this arrangement the forward/reverse stroke of the pneumatic cylinder is adjustable type when compared with the conventional machines. We desired a shaping machine which will automatically index the job and gives automatic tool feed to the pneumatic cylinder.
42 Experimental Analysis and Optimization of Weld Characteristics and Bead Geomtery Analysis for Stainless Steel 409 by GMAW Process
R. Rajasekar, V. Sathishkumar, R. Ayyasamy, Dr. N. Mathiazhagan
Abstract – Quality and productivity play important role in today’s manufacturing market. Now a day’s due to very stiff and cut throat competitive market condition in manufacturing industries. The main objective of industries reveals with producing better quality product at minimum cost and increase productivity. Welding is the most vital and common operation use for joining of two similar and dissimilar parts. In the present research work an attempt is made to understand various welding techniques and to find the best welding technique for steel. Special focuses have been put MIG welding. On hardness testing machine and UTM various characteristics such as strength, hardness, Tensile strength were analyzed. In our experiment we found out the input parameter value 160 AMPS VOLT-22,STAND OFF DISTANCE 2.5 were the best value and it does not create any major changes and failures in the testing process. The tensile strength value was higher value obtained 160 AMPS VOLT-22, STAND OFF DISTANCE 2.5 on that parameter of the testing plate. According to the Taguchis design and optimized parameter were hardness and Tensile strength value for the 5 mm plate of SS409 steel is 140 AMPS VOLT-24,STAND OFF DISTANCE 3.0MM.
43 Evaluation of Mechanical Behaviour and Micro Structure Analysis on AL6063 and Mg+SiC
S. Thanarasu, R. Ayyasamy, N. Mathiazhagan
Abstract – The use of a latent heat storage system using phase change materials (PCMs) is an effective way of storing thermal energy and has the advantages of high-energy storage density and the isothermal nature of the storage process. PCMs have been widely used in latent heat thermal storage systems for heat pumps, solar engineering, and spacecraft thermal control applications. Phase change material (PCM) is a substance with a high heat of fusion which, on melting and solidifying at a certain temperature is capable of storing and releasing large amount of energy. Phase change materials (PCMs) are one of the latent heat materials having low temperature range and high energy density of melting – solidification compared to the sensible heat storage. There are large numbers of phase change materials (PCMs) that melt and solidify at a wide range of temperature making them.
44 Various Load Balancing Approaches in Cloud Computing
J.Ruby Elizabeth, Ru.Va.Gayathri
Abstract – Cloud computing is the most recent emerging paradigm promising to turn the vision of “computing utilities” into a reality. Cloud computing provides the capability to use computing and storage resources on a metered basis and reduce the investments in an organization’s computing infrastructure. The spawning and deletion of virtual machines running on physical hardware and being controlled by hypervisors is a cost-efficient and flexible computing paradigm. Load balancing distributes workloads across multiple computing resources, such as computers, a computer cluster, network links, central processing units or disk drives. Load balancing aims to optimize resource use, maximize throughput, minimize response time, and avoid overload of any single resource. In this paper the various load balancing approaches in cloud computing are compared.
45 Implementation of Multilevel Inverter Fed Induction Motor Drive Using PWM Technology
Kunal P. More, Girish K. Mahajan, Ajit P. Chaudhari
Abstract – Cascaded multilevel inverters synthesize a medium voltage output based on a series connection of power cells which use standard low-voltage component. This characteristic give permission one to achieve high-quality output voltages and input currents and also outstanding availability due to their intrinsic component more than enough. Due to these features, the cascaded multilevel inverter has been recognized as an important alternative in the medium-voltage inverter market. This paper presents a survey of different geometric properties, control techniques used by these type inverters. Regenerative properties are also discussed. Applications where the mentioned features play a key role are shown. Finally, future developments.
46 Optimization of Thumba Biodiesel to Develop Zero Effluent Discharge
Pawar Komal D, Gawande Sagar M, Godase Dhiraj V
Abstract – Awesome interest of renewable vitality assets are made due to fast exhaustion of petroleum stores alongside expanding natural concerns. Natural debasement and exhaustion of fossil fills entire world is confronting issue. The expanding request, quick exhaustion of fossil fuel stores and vulnerability in shipment, alongside the section in petroleum costs, has foster the quest for different other options to fossil energizes. From the refered to see, there is a clamant need to locate the new choices, which ease reliance on oil imports and in addition can help with securing nature for reasonable advancement. Biodiesel has emerge as contrasting option to petroleum starting point diesel. Part of option powers are as a rule as of now found as potential against the present high-toxin diesel fuel got from lessening business assets. Biodiesel develops as a standout amongst the most vitality effective naturally well disposed choices as of late to full fill the future vitality needs. As of now a more endeavors taken for source which satisfy the criteria of manageability and conservative did. Be that as it may, in the event of biodiesel profluent is basic issues. So portrayal and arrangement of biodiesel with zero profluent with emanation examination is prime target. Thumba is utilized for arrangement of zero profluent release.
47 Study of Performance Evaluation of Quasi Orthogonal Space Time Block Code MIMO-OFDM System in Rician Channel for Different Modulation Schemes
Pranil S Mengane, Ajitsinh N. Jadhav
Abstract – A Quasi-Orthogonal Space Time Block Coded MIMO-OFDM system is simulated using MATLAB to study performance of BER, MSE & Throughput. The system is modulated using different digital modulation techniques like BPSK, QPSK, 8-QAM, 16-QAM, 32-QAM and 64-QAM. The mentioned analysis of MIMO-OFDM System is done in Rician fading channel. Quasi Orthogonal Space Time Block Coding technique is used for the system.
48 Handwritten Numeric Digit Classification and Recognition: Recent Advancements
Kiran Banjare, Sampada Massey
Abstract – Handwritten digits classification and recognition is the process of interpreting handwritten digits by machines through different computing techniques. There are several approaches for handwritten digits classification and recognition. The fundamental steps involve in the recognition process of handwritten digits are: feature extraction, formation of feature space and finally the classification of features to recognize individual digits. Lots of algorithms for all these individual sections have been reported by the researchers all over the world to achieve higher recognition efficiency. This paper presents an extensive review of recent advancement in the field of handwritten numeric digit classification and recognition. Moreover this paper also presents the advantage and criticisms related to the recent techniques.
49 CFD Analysis of Heat Transfer and Friction Factor Characteristics of ZNO/Water through Circular Tube with Rectangular Helix Inserts With Different Thicknesses
Amit Singh Bisht, Vinod Kumar, Aman Kumar Sukija
Abstract – A CFD analysis was carried out to investigate heat transfer and friction factor characteristics of ZNO/water Nano fluid through circular tube with rectangular helix inserts with various thicknesses at constant heat flux. In this work ZNO/water Nano fluids with two volume concentrations of were used as the working fluid. The P/D ratio of rectangular helix inserts remained constant while the thicknesses were changed to different values. The CFD analyses were performed in laminar flow regime. Results indicated that rectangular helix insert inserts enhanced the average convective heat transfer coefficient, and also more the thickness of rectangular helix inserts is more the enhancement of convective heat transfer coefficient is. Also, the highest increment was achieved at maximum volume concentration. Results showed that Nano fluids have better heat transfer performance when used with thicker rectangular helix insert tapes. At the same time, the increase in rectangular helix inserts thickness leads to an increase in friction factor. In the end, the combined results of these two phenomena resulted in enhanced convective heat transfer coefficient and thermal performance.
50 Use of Recycled Concrete Aggregate in Construction: An Overview
Shubham Bhardwaj, Sohit Aggrawal, Vaishant Gupta
Abstract – Recycled aggregates have germinated towards a valuable preference for virgin aggregates. RA is created from concrete rubble which has undergone years of services; the resulting RAC carries the weakness of lower density, higher water absorption & higher permeability that limit them to lower grade applications. In order to achieve the best ecology-to-quality ratio considering materials, befitting selections should be made. Concrete mix proportioning is enhanced in order to maximize the usage of C&D waste without the reduction of mechanical & enduringness properties. The experimental follow up were carried out by using detailed strength & durability related tests are explained here for different fusion of recycled aggregates with virgin aggregates. The compressive strength of RAC is found to be higher than the strength of virgin concrete. RAC is in proximity to virgin concrete in terms of split tensile strength, flexural strength and wet density. The slump of RAC is depressed and that can be regenerate by using full substituting of SSD RCA aggregates to the VA. At last it is confirmed that the use of RCA is likely a possible call for structural use.
51 To study the capacity of correlated Nakagami–m fading using maximal ratio combining
Manoj Chandra Devtulya, Lalit Singh Garia
Abstract – In this review paper we calculate closed-form expressions for the capacity of dual-branch maximal ratio combining diversity systems for correlated Nakagami-m fading channels. Because the final capacity expressions contain infinite series, we truncate the obtain series and present upper bounds on the truncation errors. The corresponding expressions for Rayleigh fading are obtained as a special case of Nakagami-m fading.
52 Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Classification of Skin Lesion
Anu Eldho, Dr.Rajesh Kumar B, Yeldho Joy
Abstract – In this paper,an unusual way for border detection,feature extraction and classification of skin lesion is proposed for both the mealanocytic skin lesion (MSLs) and nonmelanocytic (NMSLs).There are lots of methods to recognize between melanoma and nevus ,that are both categorized as MSL.But bascal cell carcinoma and sebrotic keratosis are categorized as NOMSL.In this paper we extracted the border between the tumour and the surrounding normal skin.The algorithm used for the border detection is mean shift algorithm.This computer aided method calculates 828 candidate features which are grouped into color,subregion,and texture.We introduce an algorithm for the classification of skin lesion is Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference Systems .The result have high accuracy when compare with the layered model and flat model.
53 A Search for the Integer Solutions of the Diophantine Equations
M.A.Gopalan, S.Vidhyalakshmi, R.Presenna
Abstract – We search for non-zero integers such that each integer is expressed as the difference or sum of two cubical integers.
54 Arduino Based 3 Axis PCB Drilling Machine
Kulkarni Bharat P, Mali Priyadarshani S, Mali Shriprasad S, Sutar Raghavendra R
Abstract – In this paper, an Arduino based 3 axis PCB drilling machine is implemented using Arduino Controller, CNC router and open source software for controlling the whole operation .The main aim of this project is to reduce the time consumed, hard work required and also to reduce the man power. This can be the new invention in the electronics industries which can increase the production rate with greater percent. We can call it as automation also because once you set all the parameter required, the machine will start working without any human interfere. Inspiring from this CNC technology and revolutionary change in the world of digital electronics & Microcontrollers, we are presenting here an idea of “Arduino based 3 axis PCB drilling machine”. On basis of PCB drilling machine the stepper motors are interfaced to the Arduino controller. The stepper motors are used to move plate of PCB in X, Y and Z direction.
55 Applicability of Geospatial Technology and A Measure of Information for Assessing the Suitability of Land Fill Sites: A Case Study of Mysore City
M.S. Ganesh Prasad, Rohit M.N
Abstract – Urbanization being one of the important factors for the development of civilization, has contributed to the economic growth of the individual. It also led to uncontrolled growth of cities. Non planning of cities and unscientific management of wastes has altered the balance between the humans and the environment. Mysore city is the second largest city and a cultural hub in the state of Karnataka. In Mysore city, generation of wastes is increasing at an alarming rate parallel to the increase in population when compared to last decade. Existing land fill site in Mysore city has reached its maximum capacity and is over loaded. This has been creating nuisance to the surrounding inhabitants. There is a strong need of an alternative waste disposal site for land filling the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) collected from Mysore city. Identifying an optimum land fill site to accommodate all the municipal solid wastes generated in Mysore city will be the major futuristic task for the local administrating authority. Identifying and locating a landfill site involves extensive study and surveys of the potential land fill sites. Various factors including topographical, environmental, social and geological factors have to be considered for identification and location of land fill sites. Selecting a waste land which fulfills all the important factors considered is a sensitive and responsible task, when many options are available. Conventional methods of identifying waste lands for land filling purpose are time consuming and involve lot of man power and financial requirement. Geospatial technologies integrated with fuzzy and information theories may be helpful in making decision regarding the suitability of waste lands for land filling purpose. The present study aims at identifying and ranking alternative sites for solid waste disposal collected from Mysore city using Shannon's entropy method.
56 Comparison of Index Properties of Black Cotton Soil by adding Lime and Sugarcane Straw Ash
Rahul Jatav, A. K. Singhai
Abstract – The object of this study is to compare the change in index properties of soil when lime and sugarcane straw ash added as a stabilizing material to Black Cotton soil or clayey soil. Lime and Sugarcane straw ash were mixed with soil sample by different proportions 3%, 6%, 9%, 12%, and 15% and different properties concluded and compared. It is observed that case of lime significant decrease in Liquid limit from 64.50% to 34.11% and same nature i.e. decreases in Plastic limit observed. It decreased from 24.62% to 16.73% Results of this observed in form of reduction in Plasticity. The value of plasticity Index decreases from 39.88% to 17.38%. Another property of soil DFS also decreased significantly from 43.00% to 10.00%. Also observed that in case of Sugarcane Straw Ash significant variation in Liquid limit decrease from 64.50% to 47.26%. The Plastic limit decrease from 24.62% to 20.84%. The Plasticity Index decrease from 39.88% to 26.42%. The value of DFS also decreased from 43.00% to 20.00%.
57 Cracking Strength of RCC Beams with Ferrocement “U” Wraps
G.C. Behera
Abstract – Wrapping technology is one of the effective ways of strengthening concrete elements. Several researchers reported the effectiveness of Glass fiber reinforced polymers and carbon fiber reinforced polymers for improving the strength of the concrete elements. Wrapping on three sides is one of the effective methods for strengthening the beams supporting slabs. Limited research is available on the strength enhancement of “U” wrapped concrete elements subjected to torsional loads. Fiber wrapping needs skilled workmanship and suitable for developed countries due to its high cost. Ferrocement on the other hand is a good wrapping material which is suitable for developing countries. Ferrocement laminates in the form of Welded Wire Mesh (WWM) when encapsulated with a properly designed thin mortar layer can provide good alternative and low-cost technique in strengthening and repairing different structural elements for enhancing their load carrying capacities and ductility. Ferrocement meets the criteria of flowability and strength in addition to impermeability, sulfate resistance, corrosion protection and in some cases frost durability. Such performance is made possible by reducing porosity, inhomogeniety, and micro cracks in the cement matrix and the transition zone. Failure of a structure takes place after formation of first crack. The strength in the first crack plays a vital role for the designers. In this investigation an attempt is made to quantify the improvement in the cracking torque of “U” wrapped rectangular concrete members subjected to torsional loads. Ferrocement is taken here as wrapping material. Beams were cast with different number of mesh layers with different torsional reinforcement. The beams were analyzed with soft computing method MARS. The results were also compared with the analytical method. Analytical model predicts same cracking torque for all these beams showing zero impact of reinforcement on cracking torque. The predictions by soft computing method are in good agreement with experimental test results.
58 Comparative Analysis of Different Approaches for Navigation and Path Planning
Pranay Kumar Baghel, Anil Kumar Mishra
Abstract – An autonomous robot’s navigation consists of two essential components known as localization and planning whose goal is to move the robot to a target place through a collision-free path in a known, unknown or partially known environment. In most of the realistic situations, the mobile robot cannot take the most direct path from the start to the goal point. So, we use path planning techniques in this situation, and the simplified kinds of planning mission involve going from the start point to the goal point in a way that minimizes the path cost such as time spent, chance of detection, or fuel consumption. Several approaches have been proposed to address the problem of motion planning of a mobile robot. This study is a review of approaches which focuses on introducing various path planning approaches and investigates their achievements in search optimization problems. The methods with their strengths and drawbacks are discussed.
59 Image Processing in Medical Verdict Support Structure
Dr Boda Bhaskar, Dr.B.Chinna Subbanna
Abstract – Medical decision support system for chest x-ray images was put forward in this paper, which is based on image processing and observations methods to value the normality of x-ray images. To part lung fields, ranges from the chest x-ray images, edge and morphological methods were sent in name for. The point selection and image measurement were did to value the normality of chest x-ray images. The results put examples on view that the breaking down into parts results be different from only a little more from the current outlines of lung fields, ranges and make ready similar results with current lung fields, ranges. in addition, based on the measurement and point selection, the sense given of normality was helped, and the results of sense given were similar with the diagnosis made by medical experts.
60 Analysis of Oil Contaminated Cotton Waste Briquettes
Dipti Ashok Ankalgi, A. R. Warade
Abstract – Nashik is considered as a hub for automobile companies. Oil contaminated Cotton waste is generated at these industrial premises on a large scale. The only option of handling this waste presently is giving it for disposal. The disposal method used is incineration which is causing adverse impacts on environment. Hence an efficient way is briquetting of these wastes and using them as a fuel. The paper covers physical and combustion properties of briquettes.

Publication Process

Accepted papers will be published online immediately,upon receiving the final version from the authors.

Paper Submission

There is no deadline for paper submission. Authors are requested to send their unpublished manuscripts to: ijetereditor@gmail.com


COPYRIGHT © EverScience Publications