Welcome to International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Engineering Research (IJETER)

Volume 5, Issue 11, November (2017)

S.No Title & Authors Full Text
1 Condition Based Monitoring Approaches of Maintenance in Indian Industry- Some Case Studies
Sumit Attri, Dr. S. S. Dhami
Abstract - Machines are widely used in industry for automation. Any machine consists of mechanical, electrical and electronics components along with software which are required to work under varied environments for long durations, in some cases continuously. Therefore, the maintenance of machine is very important so that it can work without any breakdown. This paper presents the results of surveys conducted in 5 different industries to study the condition based monitoring (CBM) practices for industrial machines. For this purpose, a questionnaire based survey was conducted in these industries which offer beneficial research results for CBM system providers, consultants and industries alike. The case study of these 5 industries helps in identifying the different types of CBM techniques, instruments used, sensors used, CBM activities, etc. being practiced in a particular industry. The paper also discusses the recent advancements in software based remote monitoring systems being used in the industries for predicting the health of the machines.
2 Analysis of Axle Tube and Brake Housing of 65 Hp Tractor
Vikas, Dr. S. S. Banwait
Abstract - Tractors are designed to withstand different types of load, under adverse conditions. Housings which form the basic structure of tractor, experiences internal loads due to transmission line and external loads due to agricultural implements. In a 2-wheel drive tractor, traction force required for pulling agricultural implements is delivered by the massive rear wheels mounted on rear axle shaft. Axle shafts experiences fluctuating loads of combined bending and torsion, which is transferred to the assembly of axle tube and brake housing. The point of failure in the assembly and in transmission line components such as bearings, shafts and gear have been discussed. The present work provides the analysis of axle tube and brake housing of 65 HP tractor and concludes that the same design of axle tube and brake housing can be used that are currently in use for 50 HP tractor.
3 Numerical Investigations on Cooling of Electronics Module with TiN, TiC and Fe Water Based Nanofluids
Dr. Nirmal Kumar Kund
Abstract - Familiar air cooling exercise is not applicable for high heat flux electronics instruments. For that, the thermal management of electronics module is very much important to its smooth operation. The present study involves an electronics module kept horizontally at the base, inside a square shaped chamber filled with nanofluid as coolant. Three different water based nanofluids, specifically Water-TiN, Water-TiC and Water-Fe, are considered as coolants in the present investigations. The numerical studies are performed to obtain the heat transfer behavior of electronics module for maintaining its temperature within the safe limit. For that, a 2D numerical model is being developed which also includes thermal buoyancy. The continuity, momentum and energy equations are solved to predict the thermal behavior. Simulations are conducted to predict the temperature fields and temperature contours. The trends of results are along the expected lines. Simulation results predicted with three different water based nanofluids are analyzed and compared for realizing the relative importance of the stated nanofluids. The key model parameter considered is heat flux of 70 W/cm2 associated with the electronics module. The Water-TiC is observed as the nanofluid providing relatively higher cooling effect to electronics module with no such failure on account of bulk temperature.
4 Analysis and Comparison of Apodized Fiber Bragg Grating and Uniform Fiber Bragg Grating in Optical Communication System
Shama Afreen, A.K. Jaiswal
Abstract - This paper presents the performance analysis of incorporating apodized Fiber Bragg Grating in optical communication system. Different apodized grating offers significant improvement in side lobe suppression while maintaining Reflectivity and narrow Bandwidth and these have been implemented and investigated. The variable file of FBG performance is visualized for the distinctive apodized capacity, including utilization in the NRZ beat generator. The framework throughout the optical fiber mode channel is simulated using Optisystem 12.0. Results show an appropriate correlation for the Gain, Noise Figure, Eye diagram and Q-Factor.
5 MHD Flow past a Vertical Oscillating Plate with Radiation and Chemical Reaction in Porous Medium-Finite Difference Method
B. Shankar Goud
Abstract - In this paper we analyze the effect of thermal radiation and chemical reaction on unsteady natural Convective flow of a viscous incompressible conducting fluid past over an infinite isothermal vertical oscillating plate in Porous medium. The non dimensional governing equations are solved using the 'finite difference technique'. The effects of the different physical parameters like Radiation parameter, Schmidt number, Magnetic field parameter, Chemical reaction parameter, thermal Grashof number, Phase angle and time on temperature, concentration and velocity profiles are discussed graphically.
6 Analysis of Clutch Housing and Gear Box Housing of 65 Hp Tractor
Pankaj, Dr. S.S. Banwait
Abstract - Tractors are indicative application of technology in the agriculture field and tractors cover a very large sector of agriculture industry. Housings which form the basic structure of the tractor, experiences internal loads due to transmission line and external load due to agricultural implements attached to it. Clutch housing and gear box housing are important component of the tractor transmission system. Thus the strength of clutch housing and gear box housing is an important parameter to be taken into account while designing of housings. The study here represents an approach to analyze clutch housing and gear box housing of 65 HP tractor and conclude that the same design of clutch housing and gear box housing can be used that are currently in use for 50 HP tractor under the load developed by 65 HP tractors.
7 Analysis of Rear Differential Housing of 65 Hp Tractor
Gopal Sharma, Dr. S. S. Banwait
Abstract - Tractors play a vital role in aiding a farmer during farming. It is the most important tool for a farmer in present scenario and helps in production of crops. The study here represents an approach for upgrading the rear differential housing of 50 HP tractor to 65 HP tractor. The various loads which acts on rear differential housing depends on the rated power of the engine thus when the rated power increases the loads on housing also increases. The study comprises of two stages. Firstly, modelling of the part was done and in second stage the model was analysed for the loading of 65 HP tractor. Finite element analysis has been carried out to find out the failure points in the housing. A comparative analysis has been carried out between the benchmarked differential housing and upgraded housing It was found during present research that the upgraded 50 HP tractor successfully endured all the torques and forces to which a 65 HP tractor can be subjected under all running conditions and hence no changes were required in the existing model of rear differential housing of 50 HP tractor.
8 Design of Low Power and Area Efficient 256 Bits Shift Register Using Pulsed Latches
T. Mounika, G. Mahesh Kumar
Abstract - In low-power digital design, especially in shift registers, flip-flops (FF) plays a significant role. In move enrolls, the power utilization of framework clock is assessed to be half of the general framework control. This paper proposes a low-power and territory proficient move enlist utilizing computerized beat locks. The region and power utilization are lessened by supplanting flip-flops with beat hooks. This technique takes care of the planning issue between beat locks using various non-cover deferred beat clock motions rather than the ordinary single beat clock flag. A 256-piece move enroll utilizing beat hooks was created utilizing a 0.18um CMOS process with VDD = 1.8V. The proposed move enroll spares 37% region and 44% power contrasted with the traditional move enlist with flip-flops. In advanced circuits, a move enroll is a course of flip lemon, having a similar clock, in which the yield of each flip-tumble is associated with the "information" contribution of the following flip-slump in the chain, bringing about a circuit that movements by one position the "bit exhibit" put away in it, moving in the information show at its information and moving out the last piece in the cluster, at each progress of the clock input. All the more by and large, a move enroll might be multidimensional, to such an extent that its "information in" and organize yields are themselves bit exhibits: this is executed basically by running a few move registers of a similar piece length in parallel.
9 Design of Area and Power Efficient Line Decoders for SRAM
Kokkanti Faseeha Tabassum, Sudhir Dakey
Abstract - Low power SRAM design is crucial since it takes an extensive part of aggregate power and die area in high performance processors. Optimization of SRAM (Static Random Access Memory) array design can be done at three domains namely bit cell optimization, sense amplifier optimization and decoder optimization. In this paper, decoder optimization in terms of area and power is done using GDI technique to implement in design of SRAM memory array. The proposed GDI 2-4 decoder and 4-16 decoders has been compared with CMOS and Mixed logic decoders. The proposed designs have been simulated in the 32nm CMOS technology using TANNER EDA tool. The simulations show that there is a noteworthy improvement in power delay product and area of the GDI designs, outflanking CMOS and Mixed logic designs in all cases.
10 Design of Braking System for Go-kart
Himank Ambashta, Charanjeev Mehndiratta, Nitin Waghmare
Abstract - This paper accounts for the design and formulation of mathematical calculations for the braking system of Go Kart vehicle. In addition, of good air bags, suspension system, better handling and safe cornering, there is another important system i.e. braking system, without which the vehicle cannot function. It is righteous to say without the braking system in the vehicle the passenger's life is in danger therefore it plays the vital role to the manufacturing of the vehicle. Now days we are moving towards the improvement to our technology. Automotive sector is one of the big step towards the technological improvements, which is possible thorough creativity and innovation of young automobile enthusiasts. Carting is commonly perceived as the stepping stone to the formula one car. It is generally terms as the most economic form of motor sport available. Go-karts have 4 wheels and a small engine. [1] They are widely used in racing in US and also, they are getting popular in India. Our main focus is formulating the design of the high-performance braking system having considerable stopping distance, without showing fatigue crack on Disc rotor and to meet the general safety requirement.
11 Temperature Distribution Analysis on Piston Made of Carbon Graphite and Cast Alloy Steel As Well As Comparison Using Finite Element Method
Jatender Datta, Dr. Sahib Sartaj Singh
Abstract - This paper describes the analysis and comparison between the pistons made of cast alloy steel and carbon graphite using finite element analysis. In this paper, reverse engineering the piston of 100cc hero bike engine was done using Solidworks software and the thermal load test analysis was done by solidworks simulation software. In the analysis part, temperature of 473 degree kelvin applied on the top of the piston and the result of Total heat flux and temperature distribution was found and analyzed the more suitable material of piston for an IC engine. The comparison was done between cast alloy steel and carbon graphite as piston materials. The model was meshed in solidworks simulation software to perform the analysis.
12 Experimental Investigation on Concrete by Partial Replacement of Waste Asbestos Sheet as Course Aggregate
Gowthaman M S., Devika K., Rajalakshmi S.
Abstract - The waste asbestos sheet used in concrete making leads to greener Eco-Friendly environment. Use of waste asbestos sheet in concrete is an interesting possibility for economy on waste disposal sites and for conservation of natural resources. This project examines the possibility of using waste asbestos sheet as a replacement in coarse aggregate for a new concrete preparation. Natural coarse aggregate partially replaced (0%,5%, 10%, and 15%) with waste asbestos sheet. Compressive strength and flexural strength up to age of 28 days are compared with those age of concrete made with natural coarse aggregates. Fineness modulus, specific gravity, moisture content, water absorption for aggregate are studied. The test results indicate that it is possible to manufacture concrete containing waste asbestos sheet with characteristics similar to those of natural coarse aggregate concrete provided that the percentage of waste asbestos sheet as coarse aggregate is limited to 10-15%, respectively.
13 Fuzzy Multi-Objective Approach for Reconfiguration of Electric Distribution Network
Ajit B. Kanase, Sachin R. Gengaje
Abstract - Since electric distribution network reconfiguration accounts for various operational constraints it is a combinatorial optimization problem. This paper presents a fuzzy multi-objective approach to improve the efficiency of radial electric distribution network by reducing active power loss and node voltage deviation. Multiple objectives considered are minimizing the active power loss and minimizing node voltage deviation, subject to a radial network structure in which all loads must be energized. Evaluations of imprecise nature of these two objectives are modeled with fuzzy sets. Depending on relative importance weighing factors can be assigned to each objective. The effectiveness of the proposed method is tested with IEEE 33 bus radial distribution system for minimization of system active power loss and reducing node voltage deviation.
14 Predictive Switching Control Technique for Three Phase B4 Inverter Using FLC for Torque Control of an Induction Motor Drive
K. Roopa Reddy, Akhila .V
Abstract - The induction motor drive set with B4 inverter was proposed for reducing the inverter cost, however, the instability in the current due to the fluctuations of dc link voltage is the major drawback .Keeping the factors in view, the torque and stator flux were controlled in a predictive way. Balancing the currents is achieved forcefully by stator flux control method which leads to better results. The effects of the voltage offset due to the two dc-link capacitors are also modeled and controlled in a best possible way using predictive control. To enhance the results of the cost function instead of PI controller, the fuzzy logic controller has been used which helped in giving a good dynamic performance by creating good torque reference values. The simulations of proposed techniques were carried out in the MATLAB/Simulink environment. The torques, as well as stator flux ripples, were comparatively less in the fuzzy logic controller using predictive model.
15 An Efficient Permanent Fault Detection Method in FIFO Buffers of NoC Routers
Pallavi Mamidala, K. Anil kumar
Abstract - The Network-on-Chip (NoC) communication architecture is a packet based network where cores communicate among themselves by sending and receiving packets. High parallelism, smaller latency in data transmission and facility of Intellectual Property (IP) re-use have made NoCs overcome the problem of bandwidth and latency in conventional bus-based interconnects. In this brief proposes an on-line transparent test technique for detection of latent hard faults which develop in first input first output buffers of routers during field operation of NoC. The technique involves repeating tests periodically to prevent accumulation of faults. A prototype implementation of the proposed test algorithm has been integrated into the router-channel interface and on-line test has been performed with synthetic self-similar data traffic. The performance of the NoC after addition of the test circuit has been investigated in terms of throughput while the area overhead has been studied by synthesizing the test hardware. In addition, an on-line test technique for the routing logic has been proposed which considers utilizing the header flits of the data traffic movement in transporting the test patterns. In the proposed technique the bit size is four, and in the extension the size of the bit is eight.
16 Simulation and Analysis of SVHM Technique for DCMLI under Transient Conditions with Non-Linear Loads
P.Pushparani, M.Valan Rajkumar, R.Suganya
Abstract - This paper presents the simulation and analysis of space-vector hysteresis modulation (SVHM) technique for three-level Diode Clamped Multilevel Inverter (DCMLI) under transient conditions with Non-Linear Loads. The ultimate aim of the paper is, this modulation technique is to force the actual current to reach the reference current and, simultaneously, balance the capacitor voltages. The SVHM method permits for the efficient application of zero voltage vectors and avoids high switching frequencies triggered by phase interaction in DCMLI. The effectiveness of the proposed system is proved with the help of simulation. The simulation is performed in MATLAB/Simulink. From the simulation results, it shows that the proposed multilevel inverter works properly to generate the multilevel output waveform with minimum number of semiconductor devices and to achieve high dynamic performance with low THD with transient conditions and also balance the capacitor voltages.
17 Simulation and Analysis of Boost Converter with MPPT for PV System using Chaos PSO Algorithm
R.Suganya, M.Valan Rajkumar, P.Pushparani
Abstract - This paper presents the simulation and analysis of boost converter with maximum power point tracking (MPPT) for photovoltaic (PV) system using chaos particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. The ultimate aim of the paper is, a hybrid intelligent algorithm by combining PSO with chaos searching technique to improve the maximum power point tracking capability for PV system under partial shading condition. A PV power generation system under partial shaded conditions exhibits multiple power peaks in the power-voltage characteristic curve and traditional optimization methods fail to detect the global maximum power point. The effectiveness of the proposed system is proved with the help of simulation. The simulation is performed in MATLAB/Simulink. From the simulation results, it shows that the proposed method outperforms others method in terms of global peak tracking speed and accuracy under various partial shading conditions, it is tested using data of a tropical cloudy day, which includes rapid movement of the passing clouds and partial shading.
18 A Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna with Slot for Wireless Communication Applications
L. Nageswara Rao, Ch. Udaya Bhaskar, M. Purna Kishore
Abstract - In this paper, a compact rectangular microstrip patch antenna with a slot fed by a microstrip line for wireless communication applications is investigated. In this configuration, the rectangular patch performs the functions of an effective radiator and the feeding structure of the slot opening in the ground plane. By adjusting the structural parameters, the investigated antenna is developed to resonate at two various frequencies; one is from the rectangular microstrip patch antenna (MPA) and the other from the slot opening. The designed model has a rectangular patch with the resonant frequency of 5.4 GHz of unlicensed national information infrastructure (UNII) and a slot with a resonant frequency of 2.45 GHz (Industrial, Scientific, Medical). The physical and geometrical parameters of these resonators are oscillating to achieve the required performance parameters. In order to resolve the exploit of the investigated antenna, practical parameters such as return loss, bandwidth, voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR), and radiation pattern are investigated by the simulation of the structure with high frequency structure simulator (HFSS). The investigated antenna configuration is suitable for wireless communication applications.
19 Home Appliances Control Based on Hand Motion Gesture
D. Chaitanya, Y. Aruna Suhasini, G.Nagarjun
Abstract - Presently Gestures are used to control domestic appliances in a modern infrastructure. This project focusses on the current use of gestures in domestic appliances and possible usage for various other domains. Various kinds of appliances are used in households, industries and offices. These devices are mostly controlled by human hand with manual switches. A perfect example is the television control by hand gesture. This idea made it possible to switch channel, change the volume with the use of hand gestures. Present technologies available to recognize gestures in free air which uses common methods include cameras, depth sensors or capacitive systems. This work is focused on the study of electric field (E-field) for advanced proximity sensing which is distorted through hand movements. While compared to the other systems this technology can be employed unobtrusively, work through various materials and does not have a high computational burden also. It allows realization of new user interface applications by detection, tracking and classification of the user's hand or finger motion in free space.
20 Experimental Investigation on Process Parameters for Optimization of Surface Roughness and Material Removal Rate in Plano Miller Machine on Carbon Steel IS-2062 Material
H. S. Patil, D. C. Patel, C. S. Patil
Abstract - In the present work, the parametric optimization method using Taguchi's robust design is proposed for Plano miller machining of carbon steel IS-2062 with coated cemented tungsten carbide tip tool. In this paper, the effects of process parameters like cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut have been investigated to reveal their impact on material removal rate and surface roughness. Experiments runs on plano miller machine based on Taguchi's L9 orthogonal array were performed; signal to noise (S/N) ratios, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to optimize the material removal rate and minimum surface roughness. From the optimization and experimental analyses conducted, it was observed that process parameters had significant influence in obtaining a better surface integrity. The optimal values obtained during the study optimization by Taguchi approach was validated by confirmation experiments. Optimum value of the surface roughness (Ra) and material removal rate (MRR) comes out to be 1.92 um and 13.24x10-6 mm3/min respectively.
21 Development of Arduino Programme Code for Autonomous Smart Vacuum Robot
Abstract - Automatic floor cleaner is a system that enables cleaning of the floor with the help of highly stabilized and rapidly functionalized electro- mechanical control system. This paper aimed to develop arduino programme code for autonomous smart vacuum cleaner robot use to clean large floor area of houses or offices. The idea is basically to detect any obstacle with the help of sensor and send its output to a microcontroller that will control the Autonomous vacuum cleaner movement. By using autonomous vacuum cleaner, user can turn ON the Autonomous vacuum robot to clean without any help of human operator. Once this machine is put in ON mode it moves on all over the floor surface to cover whole a floor area. Also it changes its path in random manner with obstacles in the path or sudden step down in floor space. In smart vacuum robot, proper cleaning is achieved with controlled motion of vacuum cleaner and scrubbing action of broom along with vacuum action. The purpose of this paper is design and develop efficient low cost AI vacuum cleaner with the help of Arduino microcontroller's, sensors and motors.
22 Multimedia Mining: Multimedia World
N.Sivakumar, V.Vidhya, R. Selvapriya
Abstract - For many years, statistics have been used to analyze data in an effort to find correlations, patterns, and dependencies. However, with advancement in technology, more and more data are available, which greatly exceed the human capacity to manually analyze them. Before the 1990's, data collected by bankers, credit card companies, department stores and so on have little used. But in recent years, as computational power increases, the idea of data mining has emerged. Data mining is primarily used today by companies with a strong consumer focus - retail, financial, communication, and marketing organizations. It enables these companies to determine relationships among "internal" factors such as price, product positioning, or staff skills, and "external" factors such as economic indicators, competition, and customer demographics. Data mining software analyzes relationships and patterns in stored transaction data based on open-ended user queries. Several types of analytical software are available: statistical, machine learning, and neural networks. Data mining, the discovery of new and interesting patterns in large datasets, is an exploding field. Media mining refers to a technique whereby a user can retrieve, organize, and manage media data. Audio mining is a technique by which the content of an audio signal can be automatically analysed and searched. Video Mining is changing the way in-store insights are gathered and applied by automating the collection of shopper behavior and segmentation data. Image mining has led to tremendous growth in significantly large and detailed image databases. The discovery by computer of new, previously unknown information, by automatically extracting information from a usually large amount of different unstructured textual resources. In Text Mining, the input is free unstructured text, whilst web sources are structured. With the exponential increase in media data on personal computers and the Internet, it is critical for end users to efficiently manage metadata to find the information they are looking for. This paper is an outcome of the study on data, media, audio, video, image, text and web mining from exiting literature.
23 Compensate Reactive Power at Linear & Non-Linear Load with Fuzzy Control of UPFC and STATCOM
D. Chandrashekar, B.Saritha, K.Srinivas
Abstract - In this project we are implementing the power compensation of reactive and regulation of voltage at load side by using STATCOM and UPFC with the combination fuzzy control. Which is utilized for the medium transmission line which is contents of statcom and upfc .here we are developing the fuzzy logic controller which is defined like a human brain to get the better performance. Therefore this test will performed on the medium transmission line which is considerate with both the linear and non linear load at same time. By using the simulation result,the output and waveform will be observed by the comparsion in between both the devices.
24 Numerical Studies on Supersonic Turbulent Flow over a Backward Facing Sharp Edge Step Using Hybrid RANS-LES
Dr. Nirmal Kumar Kund
Abstract - In the present study, a two dimensional numerical model is developed to investigate supersonic turbulent fluid flow over a backward facing sharp edge step by using both RANS (relating to the standard k-e model) and hybrid RANS-LES (pertaining to the Spalart-Allmaras model involving viscosity-like variable) models. The model also involves additional important factors namely production, diffusion and destruction terms besides the very common aspects related to the present research problem. The numerical simulations are performed using the stated turbulence models with the inflow free stream Mach number of 2.5 along with the free stream pressure and velocity of 15350 N/m2 and 651.9 m/s2, respectively. The simulation predictions are compared with the corresponding experimental results available in the literature. Even though the simulation predictions from both RANS and hybrid RANS-LES models yield satisfactory results, however, the hybrid RANS-LES model gives fairly better and consistent results over the RANS model (which provides very good results within the vicinity of the wall region only) throughout the entire flow region and hence, only the hybrid RANS-LES is considered for further investigations. It is also noticed that the sudden viscous layer separation is the prime cause for the generation of reattachment shock. In addition, the uneven pressure recovery is owing to the sudden expansion flow over the sharp edge step. Further, the sudden expansion flow increases the intensity of the shock which leads to uneven flow behaviours. Definitely, the present test case results are very highly beneficial to understand the flow characteristics of supersonic turbulent fluid flow over the backward facing sharp edge step flows.
25 Thermal load analysis and comparison of Total Heat Flux and Temperature Distribution between Carbon Graphite and Cast Iron Pistons of IC engine using FEA technique
Jatender Datta, Dr. Sahib Sartaj Singh
Abstract - This paper describes the results of thermal load analysis and comparison between piston made of Cast Iron and Carbon Graphite. In this paper, example of Piston took from 100 cc hero bike and reverse engineering was done in Solidworks software and the main motive is to find the temperature difference and the total heat flux using Finite element analysis technique in solidworks simulation software and other motive is to find the critical area as well as advantages and disadvantages of both the materials.The temperature load of 200 degree Celsius has been applied on the top of the piston and meshed in solidworks simulation software.

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