Welcome to International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Engineering Research (IJETER)


Volume 5, Issue 4, April (2017)

S.No Title & Authors Full Text
1 Water Management in Irrigation System Based On GSM
Priyanka V. Dhok, Vandana N. Sarode
Abstract - In India, for development in food production agriculture plays an important role. In our country, mostly agriculture are depends on the monsoons which is not sufficient source of water. So in agriculture field the irrigation is used. In Irrigation system, water is provided to plant as required for the soil type. In this paper, automatic irrigation system based on GSM module. The communication between the soil moisture sensor and controller is done with the help of GSM module. In addition to that the data which is received via GSM from the Irrigation field is send on web page using android's operating systems. This software application will control the devices wirelessly. The system is most useful in Irrigation for proper management of water and cost cutting.
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2 Application for Intelligent Transportation and Emergency System
Goutham Kumar B, Jebraj R, Murugan@Prakasam.S, Muthusundar.S.K
Abstract - Application for emergency system .when the application is activated by any client, the request is sent to the corresponding server, then server verify the type of request and connect to the required area local traffic server and with mobile agent technology, response is given to the client or user by that local traffic server, by this way traffic controller easy to handle all emergency situation. It is the application for emergency system. Using this application ambulance driver can exactly known accident sport with the help of Google map,more over local traffic controller directly interact with ambulance drive, so in this way traffic controller can know ambulance current location from receive gps co-ordinate from ambulance driver app. Then traffic controller can clear ambulance coming route, ex. Change green signal when ambulance come nearby traffic signal.
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3 Fabrication of Automatic Side Stand Lifting Mechanism
Aniket Gulhane, Ganesh Gawande, Bhagwat Gawande, Shraddha Dhule, Chaitanya Deshmukh
Abstract - In a current world two wheelers plays main role of transport or travelling. They are useful but also responsible for some sad events like accident by mistake of drivers. The need of prevention of the rider on this type of condition, which is happened many times, which avoid by using such mechanism in bike. Major accident obtained due to forget lifting the side stand. To avoid this problem we do the project practically for "Automatic Side Stand Lifting Mechanism System". This project is based on simple mechanism. This mechanism operated by the total manually means on the feet power of rider. So it is not required any external power and it is more economical also easily installable in bike. In our India 20- 22% accident happened due side stand which is not removed by the rider after starting a bike. For preventing that problem we installed this mechanism.
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4 Turbo Codes Network-On-Chip-Implementation
P.Ajay, S.Santhosh, S.Sarath
Abstract - Wireless communication at near-capacity transmission throughputs is facilitated by employing sophisticated Error Correction Codes (ECCs), such as turbo codes. However, real time communication at high transmission throughputs is only possible if the challenge of implementing turbo decoders having equally high processing throughputs can be overcome. This motivates the implementation of turbo decoders using Networks-on-Chip (NoCs), which facilitate flexible and high throughput parallel processing. However, turbo decoders conventionally operate on the basis of the Logarithmic Bahl-Cocke-Jelinek-Raviv (Log-BCJR) algorithm, which has an inherently-serial nature, owing to its data dependencies. This limits the exploitation of the NoC's computing resources, particularly as the size of the NoC is scaled up. Motivated by this, we propose a novel turbo decoder algorithm, which eliminates the data dependencies of the Log-BCJR algorithm and therefore has an inherently-parallel nature. We show that by jointly optimizing the proposed algorithm with the NoC architecture, a significantly improved utility of the available computing resources is achieved. Owing to this, our proposed turbo decoder achieves a factor of up to 2.13 higher processing throughput than a Log-BCJR benchmarker.
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5 Effective Traffic Management System for Emergency Vehicles
Dr. P. Amudhavalli, M. Monica, R. Sandhya Shree
Abstract - Traffic has always been and is a problem since the use of vehicles. Unless urgent, the traffic seems to be fine. There are several technologies to control the traffic signal in developed countries, yet are not available to developing countries and these countries suffer more of this case. In the developing countries like India, Traffic signals don't work in a network and hence are not easy to modify in case of emergency. The proposed system (Effective Traffic Management System for Emergency Vehicles) gives the control to the emergency vehicle; say an ambulance, which sends radio signals to the vehicles ahead of it. These signals are received by the vehicle unit in all the vehicles and indicates the approach of the emergency vehicle in an lcd screen and a constant buzzer. Additional to this, the system also provides speed control of the vehicles based on particular zones, say accident prone zone or a school zone, which when the vehicle enters that zone, the module indicates the driver and gradually reduces the speed.
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6 A Stochastic Gesture Based Intelligent Navigation System
D. Albert Bush, V. Keerthi Ram, G. Nandha Kumar, A. Mathan Gopi, Dr. Rajini Girinath
Abstract - Wheeled mobility devices such as wheelchairs are used by people who are not able to walk due to physical illness or inability to move on their own. Today's modern technology allows sophisticated use of wheelchairs like automated or manual transmissions and even wireless communication between the user and the smart device. This paper is to describe an intelligent wheelchair controlled using a smartphone's voice and gesture recognition algorithms, and the sensors used are, two IR sensors, one GPS sensor and one Accelerometer sensor. The IR sensor is used for obstacle detection. The Accelerometer sensor is used for fall detection. The system makes the user to vigorously interact with the wheelchair at different modules of control and sensing.
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7 Real Time Transportation System and Location Tracking Using Android Application
C. Harish Prasad, K. Rahul, R. Sathya Narayanan, D. Sivachidambaram
Abstract - There are buses made available for passengers travelling distances, but not many passengers have complete information about these buses. Complete information namely the number of buses that go to the required destination, bus numbers, bus timings, the routes through which the bus would pass, time taken for the bus to reach, maps that would guide the passenger with his/her route and most importantly, track the current location of the bus and give the correct time for the bus to reach its bus stop. The paper focuses on to develop bus tracking system which provides the basic information about the free seats available in the bus and current location of the bus using cellular network location. It provides basic information about the location of the bus and empty seats which helps the passenger to determine the time of reach to next destination point.
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8 Underground Cable Fault Detection using Raspberry Pi and Arduino
R.K.Raghul Mansingh, R.Rajesh, S.Ramasubramani, G.Ramkumar
Abstract - The aim of this project is to determine the underground cable fault. This project uses the simple concept of CT Theory. When any fault like short circuit occurs, voltage drop will vary depending on the length of fault in cable, since the current varies CT is used to calculate the varying .The signal conditioner manipulates the change in voltage and a microcontroller is used to make the necessary calculations so that the fault distance is displayed by IOT devices.
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9 Effect of Incorporation of Various Material on Vertical Desalinization of Coastal Saline Soils
A.N.Yadav, N. H. Khobragade
Abstract - The vertical desalinization is the important process in reclamation of coastal saline soils. The experiment was conducted at the Khar Land Research Station, Panvel to study the vertical desalinization rate in coastal saline soils with incorporation of various material such as sand, murum and farm yard manure (FYM) with coastal saline soils during kharif seasons 1996-97 to 2000-01. The study reveals that the low leaching requirement ( 2.282 per cent )and more salt removed (59.416 t ha.m-1) in case of sand treatment indicate its effectiveness for removing salts by vertical desalinization followed by FYM and murum treatments. Trends of rice yield indicate that highest rice yield was obtained in FYM treatment ( 5.272 t ha -1 ). The use of FYM is suggested for vertical desalinization of coastal saline soils with average increased yield by 78.46 per cent.
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10 Effect of Cereal Crop Residues and Earthworm Species on Micro-Nutrient Content of Vermicompost
S. S. Khobragade, B. R. Gajbhiye, A. N. Yadav , J. J. Palkar, K. D. Patil, P. B. Vanve
Abstract - A pot culture experiment was carried out on quality of vermicompost as influenced by earthworm species and cereal crop residues during the year 2011-2012 at College of Agriculture, Latur. The experiment was laid out in factorial randomized block design with three replications consisting of three levels of earthworm species (control, Eudrilus eugeniae and Eisenia foetida) and five levels of cereal crop residues (wheat, maize, paddy, jowar straw and sugarcane trash). The vermicomposting samples were collected at different stages viz., 35th, 50th, 65th, 80th and 95th days and analyzed for micronutrients. The results indicated that the quality of vermicompost was significantly influenced by earthworm species and cereal crop residues. The micronutrients viz., Zinc, Iron Manganese, and Copper were found to be increased progressively throughout the vermicomposting of cereal crop residues. Among the different cereal crop residues, yield of vermicompost prepared from jowar straw was found superior in quality followed by wheat straw. Vermicompost obtained from jowar straw are rich in micronutrients as compared to all the other cereal crop residues. The quality of vermicompost obtained from earthworm species Eudrilus eugeniae was superior to Eisenia foetida because of their higher efficiency.
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11 Studies on the Use of Domestic Waste Water as a Source of Irrigation in Khar Land
A.N.Yadav, N. H. Khobragade
Abstract - The water which discharged from the residential areas into the eco-system after domestic use is considered as useless or waste water. On account of increased demand of fresh water for various human needs like drinking, bathing, cleaning of dress materials, domestic utensils etc. the scarcity of the fresh water has been felt. Globally only 2 per cent fresh water is available. As regards the available references on the use of waste or sewage water, the same was first started in Mumbai in 1897, in Delhi from 1913 and in Pune from 1916 for growing various crops. In West Bengal, the waste water or sewage water was used for rearing fish on nearly 4000 ha. area. It is reported that around 20% fishes consumed by the Calcutta city people is supplied through this system of culture. (W.H.O. Tech report, No. 778/1989). It is therefore, desirable to optimally use the available fresh water resources and also was convicted to use domestic waste water for growing crops. Important properties deciding usability of the said domestic water are presented and discussed.
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12 Aadhar Based Fingerprint Electronic Voting Machine
Dr.N.Kaliammal, S.Gayathri, J.Maria Veena, M.Swathi Rekha, S.Thilagavathi
Abstract - The objective of voting is to allow voters to exercise their right to express their choices regarding specific issues, pieces of legislation, citizen initiatives, constitutional amendments, recalls and/or to choose their government and political representatives. It has always been an onerous task for the election commission to conduct free and fair polls in our country. A lot of money has been spent on this to make sure that the elections are rampage free. But, now- a -days it has become very usual for some forces to indulge in rigging which may eventually lead to a result contrary to the actual verdict given by the people. In order to provide inexpensive solutions to the above, this project will be implemented with biometric system i.e. finger print scanning. This is used to ensure the security to avoid fake, repeated voting etc. It also enhances the accuracy and speed of the process. The system uses thumb impression for voter identification as we know that the thumb impression of every human being has a unique pattern. In this, creation of a database consisting of the thumb impressions of all the eligible voters in a constituency is done as a pre-poll procedure. During elections, the thumb impression of a voter is entered as input to the system [1]. This is then compared with the available records in the database. If the particular pattern matches with anyone in the available record, access to cast a vote is granted. But in case the pattern doesn't match with the records of the database or in case of repetition, access to cast a vote is denied or the vote gets rejected. The result is instantaneous and counting is done. The overall cost for conducting elections gets reduced and so does the maintenance cost of the systems.
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13 Certain Investigation on Solar and Wind Energy Using Vertical Axis Wind Turbine & Solar Panel
Dr. N.Kaliammal, A.SaravanaKumar
Abstract - In this work, we have carried out various readings about temperature, Watt/m2, intensity of light in Lux and velocity of wind in m/sec. So for, the concentration has only given to solar energy conversion to thermal energy and electrical energy, but it will not be a consistent one. Moreover in some places the solar energy varied with sunny days available in the whole year as per the geographical location.[1][2]. While comparing with wind energy, it is so consistent throughout the year irrespective of the velocity varying with certain parameters related with climate change. The combination of wind and solar PV has the advantage that the two sources complement each other because the peak operating times for each system occur at different times of the day and year. The power generation of such a hybrid system is therefore more constant and fluctuates less than each of the two component subsystems [3]. Other solar hybrids include solar-wind systems. Renewable had a good year in Europe in 2015. Wind grew by 12.8GW and solar PV by 8GW. The wind sector installed more than any other form of power generation (44% of the total) and called it a "record year" for investments (up 40% on 2014). The solar PV industry meanwhile, announced 15% growth after three consecutive years of decline [4][5]. This is the most advantageous concept taken into account and the utilization of hybrid equipments developed in the energy sector. On the other hand the energy obtains from renewable sources most suited for over environment and future.
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14 A New DC-DC Converter Topology with Grey Wolf MPPT Algorithm for Photovoltaic System
M.Valan Rajkumar, M.Mahakumar, M.Manojkumar, M.Hemaraj, E.Kumaravel
Abstract - This paper presents an implementation of Dc-Dc converter with a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) design for a photovoltaic (PV) system using a new optimization technique. The new optimization method which overcomes the limitations such as lower tracking efficiency, steady state oscillations, and transients as encountered in perturb and observe (P&O) and PSO techniques. The problem of tracking the global peak (GP) of a PV array under partial shading condition is attempted employing to improve MPPT technique. The proposed scheme is called as Grey Wolf Optimization, which used studied for a PV array under PSCs which exhibits multiple peaks and its tracking performance is compared with that of two MPPT algorithms, namely P&O-MPPT and PSO MPPT. The GWO MPPT algorithm implemented on a PV system using MATLAB. Furthermore experimental setup is developed to verify the efficiency of the proposed system. From the obtained simulation and experimental results, it is observed that the proposed converter with MPPT algorithm outperforms both P&O and PSO MPPTs.
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15 A New Topology of H-bridge based Multilevel Inverter for PV System with Reduced Switches
S.R.Nandhini, G.Akalya, K.Aswini, K.Nandhini, M.Valan Rajkumar, B.Rajeshkumar
Abstract - Multilevel inverter concept is the very important alternative in the field of medium and high power industrial drive applications. This new type of converters is suitable for high voltage and high power applications due to their ability to synthesize with better harmonic spectrum. By increasing the number of output levels in multilevel inverter, Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) can be minimized. It works under with the help of single phase with different pulse width modulation (PWM) techniques, Several PWM techniques are available, among them the level shifting SPWM techniques are used and comparison is based on the basis of total harmonics distortions obtained. R2014a version of MATLAB/Simulink software is used for simulation.
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16 To Study Design of Piercing Tool
Chetan B. Kawale, Ankush R. Daware, Anikit V. Thakare, Gokul B. Ajmire, C. G. Deshmukh
Abstract - The press tool life is major criteria in high volume production of sheet metal components. For a Progressive die, proper tool life and component accuracy are necessity for achieving higher productivity and low cost per component. In this study we are going to form a basis by accumulating factors for tool life selection and making data easily available for industrial designers. The data is based on old tool which was analyzed and its characteristics were studied closely and improvements were made which is a part of our project. The main aim of our study is to manufacture large number of components in less time. The press tool in this study will have a very short stoke. After making the press tool we will inspect the component and then finalize the tool for production. We will also record the data for cost estimation. Thus, factor selection is made easy by specific data made available and the usefulness of the system is demonstrated by sample run of press tool design. It caters for obtaining the final components conforming to required dimensions and standards.
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17 Experimental Investigation on Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fueled With Jatropha, Neem, and Rubber Seed Oil as Biodiesel
R.Satheeshkumar, R.Karthikeyan, F.Riyan Rodey, K.Karthick
Abstract - Evolutions of vehicles lead to the increase in the usage of fuels. Therefore demand and price of fuel is increasing day by day. This led to find an alternative fuels for internal combustion engines. Biodiesel production is worthy of continued study and optimization of production procedures because of its environmentally beneficial attributes and its renewable nature. Non-edible vegetable oils such as rubber seed, jatropha and neem oil, produced by seed-bearing shrubs, can provide an alternative and do not have competing food uses. Biodiesel was prepared from the non-edible oil of rubber seed, jatropha and neem by transesterification of the crude oil with methanol in the presence of NaOH as catalyst. The experimental treatments of a 200ml methanol to oil, addition of 5wt% catalyst, 65-700C reaction temperature using low quality crude rubber seed, jatropha and neem oil separately resulted in optimum yield in which the biodiesel content exceeded 95% at 2 hours. The resulting 30% rubber seed, 30% jatropha and 40% neem oil is blended with diesel in different percentage. Performance and emission tests were carried out for 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% rubber seed, jatropha and neem oil diesel blends. Results confirm that the performance of the engine fuelled with rubber seed, jatropha and neem oil biodiesel and its blends with diesel fuel is by and large comparable with pure diesel.
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18 Development of A Cubic Blade Profile Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine
L.Jayaprakash, P.Nishanth, B.Sanjay
Abstract - A wind turbine is a device that converts kinetic energy from the wind, also called wind energy, into mechanical energy in a process known as wind power. Wind energy is one of the most widely used renewable energy resources. In the present scenario, there is a need of generating power for various sectors, in order to accomplish this situation there are different sources but the cheapest sources is wind energy. But for many decades the design of wind turbine blade has no changes, hence in this paper a new model of the wind turbine. A new blade model of wind turbine blade is designed by using hermit curve. A cubic profile wind turbine is designed with the help of Pro-E software and analyzed through Computerized Fluid Dynamics (CFD).
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19 Fabrication and Development of Turbocharger Test Rig Based on SI-Engine
Akshay Arbat, Sanket Bagade, Vaibhav Akhatkar, Sagar Talhan, Sonal Badhiye, Sharad Bargat
Abstract - Although there is large development in the engine in last few decades it is still lagging in the performance in the sense of fuel economy and exhaust emission. It is necessary to develop an engine which is more efficient and has less exhaust emission. As increase largely the automotive vehicle it is necessary for reducing the less fuel consumption of vehicle such that the engine has to be run with high efficiency. So to enhance the performance of engine better utilization of intake charge is necessary, different techniques are introduced in form of modification of intake manifold, development of swirl and tumble devices, modification of piston profile for efficient combustion of charge. Energy efficient exhaust system development requires minimum fuel consumption and maximum utilization of exhaust energy for reduction of exhaust emission. It is necessary to minimize the fuel consumption and increase the efficiency of engine so the parameters are to be considered for increasing the engine output. Energy efficient exhaust system development requires minimum fuel consumption and maximum utilization of exhaust energy for reduction of exhaust emission. It is necessary to minimize the fuel consumption and increase the efficiency of engine so the parameters are to be considered for increasing the engine output.
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20 Dynamic Query Form Generation
Kalyani L. Jaiswal, Sarika S. Joshi
Abstract - There is rapid enhancement in web services and web popularity, as the web users are increases day by day. Database is collection of number of relations and attributes which makes it more complex. Such a large and heterogeneous data is difficult to be maintained. By this enhancement of web services and scientific databases, it is not able to get user required result by static query forms. Developers are familiar with the queries but might face problem of writing queries again and again for different situations. And problem is also faced by those who are not familiar with databases but needs to access data from databases. To solve above problem we are proposing a model called Dynamic Query Form which will be able to dynamically generate query form. It will provide recommendations of components based on user preferences. It will not just generate dynamic query form but new data can be added and deleted by user accordingly. User adds the desired components, specifies the conditions and gets the result. The query form is iterative. The ultimate goal of DQF is user's satisfaction.
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21 Queries over Heterogeneous Data Stores Applications in Cloud Environments
Diksha P. Kapse, Monika R. Nagoshe
Abstract - In period of time generation of enormous quantity data and also rise of cloud computing have introduced new aspects for data management. Many applications got to move with many heterogeneous data stores betting on the sort of data they need to manage: ancient data types, documents, simple key-value data, graph data, etc. Interacting with heterogeneous data models via different APIs, multiple data store applications imposes difficult tasks to their developers. Indeed, programmers got to be conversant in completely different APIs. Additionally, developers got to master and handle the advanced processes of cloud discovery, and deployment of application and execution. Projected system represents a declarative approach using ODBAPI sanctioning to lighten the burden of the complex and non-standard tasks of discovering relevant cloud surroundings and deploying applica tions on them whereas letting developers to easily concentrate on specifying their storage and computing needs.
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22 Modified Floor Cleaning Machine
Nikhil Murlidhar Chopade
Abstract - This study has presented a comprehensive overview of the technological advantages helped in the real life various. For the convenience of most of the people who are extremely busy in there chores. The need of the seminar has come up because of a busy schedule of a working in a corporate sector. So this has resulted in coming up with an objective of making a floor cleaner. The study comprehend of automated floor cleaner which having components to DC motor operated wheels, roller brush, cleaning mop, the garbage container. A 12V rechargeable battery is used as power supply. Other than this is compresses of special technique of UV germicidal cleaning technology. The study has been done keeping in mind economic cost of product.
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23 Design of Engine Operated Weeder
Sumeet A. Deshmukh, Akash P. Mandulkar, Rukesh D. Ingole, Bhavesh A. Bohra
Abstract - Visualizing the current conditions of Indian farmers in the agricultural field and as per the condition of farm field it needs to implement the new agricultural techniques which will lead high productivity rate and will directly affect the economic condition of farmers. Now a day one of the most important agricultural unit operation is Weeding. Weeding operation can affect adversely if it is being delayed or ignored at particular time and it can count up to crop yield of 30 to 60%. In Indian agriculture, the methods of conventional farming may severe affect to the crop weeding by means of manpower or bullock operated equipments. To overcome this problem we introducing an alternative solution that is "engine operated weeder". Because of this machine we are trying to reduce human efforts with less maintenance cost.
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24 An Innovative Way of Generation of Power by Using Magnetic Power Based Windmill
Mrunal D. Palsapure, Jayant R. Mundre, Sanket C. Pant, Aktar kha A. Pathan, Roshansing R. More
Abstract - This paper presents the design component aspect of a magnetic powered based horizontal axis wind turbine. This project dwells on the implementation of an alternate configuration of a wind turbine for power generation purposes. Using the effects of magnetic repulsion, multi blades will be fitted on a rod for stability during rotation and suspended on magnets. Power will then be generated with an axial flux generator, which incorporates the use of permanent magnets and a set of coils. A SEPIC converter will then be used to regulate the varying voltage from the rectifier to output a steady DC voltage. This will further used to charge batteries and run the electrical appliances. Using the effects of magnetic repulsion, wind turbine blades will be fitted on a rod for stability during rotation and suspended on magnets. Magnetic power based wind turbines have several advantages over conventional wind turbines. This type of wind setup does not require any significant land for installation, as it can be easily incorporated in rooftop, tower, and buildings.
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25 Performance and Emission Analysis of Diesel Engine by Using Mixing of Two Biodiesel Blends
M.Prabakaran, U.Shanmugam, A.Vijay, C.Sankar
Abstract - The aim of the present study is to analyze the performance and emission characteristics of a compression ignition (CI) engine using a suitable biodiesel as fuel. The experimental investigation is to conduct by using Annona-Citrus Methyl Ester (ACME) with diesel. The selection of ACME is based on an extensive review of literature which indicated that this is relatively unexplored as fuel on a diesel engine. The performance and emission characteristics are evaluated by operating the engine at different loads. The performance parameters evaluated are Brake thermal efficiency (BTE), specific fuel consumption (SFC) and Total fuel consumption (TFC). The emission constituents measured are Carbon monoxide (CO), Carbon dioxide (CO2), unburned hydrocarbons (HC), Oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and smoke. It is found that B20 (20% ACME + 80% diesel) blend showed better performance and reduced emission. However, B20 can be used as an alternate fuel for CI Diesel engine without any modifications.
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26 Performance Analysis of Power Factor Correction for PWM Control based Bridgeless Cuk Rectifier with Positive Output Voltage
M.Valan Rajkumar, J.Chandramohan, D.Aravind, M.Basker
Abstract - This paper presents a single-phase, bridgeless Cuk AC/DC power factor correction (PFC) rectifier with positive output voltage. The rectifier is designed to convert high input voltage to low output voltage which is used for low output voltage product applications. There is the input conduction losses are decreased due to no bridge-diodes required, so the proposed rectifier efficiency can be improved. The proposed rectifier does not need the current loop circuit it needs discontinuous conduction mode (DCM) only. Also, only a single switch is used in the rectifier to simplify the control circuit design. A simple translation method to have the positive output voltage in the Cuk converter is presented in the rectifier to reduce the component counts and the cost as well. The operational principles, steady-state analysis, and design procedure of the proposed rectifier are addressed in detail in this paper. Simulation and experimental results are obtained which verified the validity of the proposed rectifier.
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27 Synthesis and Optical properties of Zinc Doped Chromium Oxide Nanoparticles by Microwave Irradiation at Different Concentrations
J. T. Anandhi, S. L. Rayer, T. Chithambarathanu
Abstract - In this exposure zinc (Zn) doped chromium (III) oxide (Cr2O3) nanoparticles are synthesized by simple solvothermal microwave irradiation (SMI) technique. SMI technique is simple and low cost; it has the future to be produced on a huge scale. The effect of dopant (Zn) concentration on the structural behavior of Cr2O3 nanoparticles was examined by X-ray diffraction. The average crystallite size of the synthesized nanoparticles was measured from XRD patterns using Scherrer equation and was from ~14 nm to ~16 nm with the increasing Zn concentration in Cr2O3 from 0 to 5 % (in steps of 0, 1, 2, 3, 5). Almost uniform and hexagonal like morphologies and compositional elements of the synthesized nanoparticles were observed. The samples was analysed by photoluminescence and raman spectra. FTIR spectra of the samples were detected.
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28 Modified Floor Cleaner Machine
Vivek D. Waghmare, Sneha Kale, Nikhil Navrang, Nikhil Chopde, Naresh Marvatkar, A. M. Hatwar
Abstract - Automatic floor cleaner is a system that enables cleaning of the floor by the help of highly stabilized and rapidly functionalized electronic and mechanical control system. Current project work targets to use automatic floor cleaner for large floor in house-hold purposes and office floors. The cleaning purpose is specifically carried out by continuous relative motion between a scrubber and the floor surface. During the cleaning and moving operation of vehicle a propulsion mechanism such as driven wheels and guide wheels for the dry tracking on the floor surface to be cleaned, scrubbing action is done by the scrubber directing water towards rear end. Preferably, a sweeper mechanism is mounted on the body forwarded by propulsion mechanism and operated with such control system for advance sweeping of a debris-laden floor surface. The new automatic floor cleaner will save huge cost of labor in future. The basic advantage of this product is that it will be cost effective and no human control is needed. Once put in on mode it will clean the whole room without any omission of surface.
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29 FT-IR Spectroscopic Analysis of Ocimum-Gratissmium Leaves
Dr. R. Selva Raju, P.Sakuntala, Dr. Kaleem Ahmed Jaleeli
Abstract - The potential of vibrational spectroscopy method (Fourier Transform Infrared) FT-IR for the identification of functional groups in ocimum -gratissimum leaf powder (clove basil) is described. Infrared spectroscopy provides accurate information on molecular vibrations in a short time. FT-IR analysis of ocimum-gratissimum leaves show the presence of some functional groups with corresponding intensity peaks O-H stretching or hydrogen bonding for alcohols or phenols groups of active compounds. C-H stretching which was correspond to alkanes and alkynes, C=O stretching was denoted for amides and esters, C-H (CH2X) which is assumed alkyl halide groups of bio active compounds. C-H bending denoted for alkynes. The spectral studies of FT-IR denoted the functional groups of bio-active components like eugenol, alkanes, esters, alkyl halides, amides, carbohydrates, hydroxyl and others.
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30 Seismic Analysis of Tall Building for Different Earthquake Zones
E. RaviKumar, P. Raghava, Dr.T.Suresh Babu
Abstract - The ground shaking induces vibrations in the structure and the resulting deformations can cause significant damage and possibly collapse of the structure. Dynamic analysis can be used to determine from the acceleration records of ground shaking the maximum accelerations, velocities and displacements imposed on various elements of a structure. The ground shaking can result in deformations of the ground that cause damage. One example is landslides in sloping ground. Another is relative movement along and across surface fault lines and uplift, each of which can be up to several meters. For example, the Hawke's Bay earthquake of 1931 caused nearly 2 meters of permanent uplift a Napier.The Time History Response of a structure is simply the response (motion or force) of the structure evaluated as a function of time including inertial effects. The time history analysis is the advanced level of Visual Analysis. There are computational advantages in using the response spectrum method of seismic analysis for prediction of displacements and member forces in structural systems. The method involves the calculation of only the maximum values of the displacements and member forces in each mode using smooth design spectra that are the average of several earthquake motions. In this work, it is proposed to carry out Response spectrum for irregular building greater than 90m in height in Zones II, III, IV and V. In present case Response spectrum analysis is performed and the results are compared in four different zones with 7m 4 bay length. The results of the analyses, in terms of lateral deformations, respective storey drifts and base shears are obtained and the conclusions are drawn.
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31 Field Analysis of Crop's for Sweeper Weeder Machine
ShrikantA. Nage, Shubham R. Kapade, Bhavesh A. Bohra
Abstract - Weed management is one of the tedious operations in vegetable production. Because of labor costs, time and tedium, manual weeding is unfavorable. The introduction of chemical weed control methods has alleviated these undesirable factors. However, the emergence of herbicide-resistant weeds, environmental impact and increasing demand for chemical free foods has led to investigations of alternative methods of weed control. Most implements employing mechanical cultivation cannot perform weed control close to the crops, and existing intra-row welders have limitations. A mechanical weeding actuation system was designed, and a prototype was constructed. This actuator was developed to mechanically control intra-row weed plants. The mechanical weeding actuator consisted of a belt drive system powered by an integrated servo motor and a rotating tine weeding mechanism powered by a brushless dc motor. One of the major challenges in this project was to properly design the actuator and its weeding mechanism for effective intra-row weed control. A prototype actuator was manufactured and a series of tests was conducted to determine actuator efficacy and the corresponding force and speed requirements of the actuator. The actuator would be combined with a machine vision system for detecting crop plant locations and guiding the weeding actuator to execute mechanical weeding operations without damaging crops. In the first field experiment, the performance of the first version of the intra-rowweeder was investigated across three factors: working depth, travel speed and tine mechanism rotational speed. There was evidence of differences in weed control efficacy across travel speeds.
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32 A New Design for DC-DC Converter Topology with MISO for Renewable Energy Resources
S.Sathishkumar, M.Valan Rajkumar, S.Vinoth Kumar, M.Maruthamuthu, A.Soundar, A.Kumaresann
Abstract - A dual DC input power supply for high output efficiency DC-DC converter is developed. The proposed converter can boost the varied voltages of different power supply in the sense of hybrid power supply to obtain a stable output dc voltage for the load demand. Based on the varied situations the operational mode of the proposed converter can be divided into two modes including a single power supply mode and dual power supply mode .In dual power supply state the input circuits are connected in series get added together with the designed pulse width modulation can greatly reduce the conduction loss of the switches. Single mode power supply will operate whenever it is capable to meet the load demand, when it cannot meet the load demand then dual power supply mode will be operate. The proposed high efficiency DC-DC converter with dual input power supply greatly reduces the conduction and switching losses in the system. This topology is developed to cope with the demerits of large size, complex topology, and expensive cost in conventional converter with single power supply mode. MATLAB has been used to make the model and simulate the system and PI controller is used.
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33 Cloud Computing Expose for Online Retail Management System
Ambarish N. Kulkarni, Surabhi G. Lohiya
Abstract - In the complex world of today, the consumer is king and retailers are keener on consumer satisfaction. Considering the busy lifestyles of today's consumers, the retailers also provide services apart from products. Retailing occupies a very important place in the economics of any country. It is the final stage of distribution of product or service. It not only contributes to country's GDP but also empowers a large number of people by providing employment. The life pace becomes faster and faster, people are less likely to spend time and energy on doing hard work. The core of such systems is to make work easier for both vendors and customers. The Online Retail web application is intended to provide complete solutions for vendors as well as customers through a single gateway using the internet as the sole medium. It will enable vendors to setup online shops, customer to browse through the shop and purchase them online without having to visit the shop physically. Online Retail Management which is user friendly and beneficial for the customers. It gave full freedom for the shopkeepers to set up their shops. It used the latest offerings on Open Source platform and Cloud Computing to deliver the final product. As Cloud Computing is implemented the main objective or goral of cloud computing is to reduce the infrastructure cost burden from the organizations. In addition to this, it offers organizations better performance, security and less maintenance cost.
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34 Simulation and Experimental Investigation of Glass Reinforced Metal Using ANSYS
L.Jayaprakash, G.Athiram, A.Appaskhan, A.Balakrishnan
Abstract - The ductile resistance of the fiber-metal laminates (FML) has been analyzed experimentally and simulated on three various different FML laminates that is made up of aluminium sheets of three different thicknesses namely 0.2mm, 0.3mm & 0.4mm. Tensile, compression and flexural tests on the specimens were carried out to analyze the ductile behaviour of the FML laminates. Load vs. displacement curve for flexural, compression and tensile test. The respective parameters like ultimate stress, young's modulus, longitudinal strength, flexural failure, flexural modulus, etc., are calculated from the plots. The results were compared with each other to evaluate what is the impact of metal layer thickness in the FML plates. There is good variation between metal layer thicknesses obtained by experimental and simulation results. Finally the best fiber to metal ratio is found out and the results are justified.
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35 Accessing Multiple Social Networks Android Application
R.Sriramkumar, J.Jegan, D.Sivakumar
Abstract - In this android application is based on application manager to manage the sensitive private application like (Facebook, whatsapp, twitter, etc.). This application is a collection of applications for manage the security and privacy of that sensitive application. This application has one password to sign all the application, after sign out from this application then other signed application automatically logout from the network. We use touch screen based password to access this application. We can provide the authenticated person to identify the person if any one try to unlock application in the smart phone. We add if any one try wrong pattern then our app capture that third party image and store it in the SD card. In this android application is developed for applications security for authenticated user mobile. However this process is not give full security to the user. It provide only proper authentication but not detect the unauthorized user. The android application is to manage the other sensitive application but only it lock and unlock the application. This application show in menu of the android mobile, but it lock the application if any one open the application get master password or pin to unlock. They used the password, pin and pattern for unlock authentication.
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36 Image Smoothening and Sharpening using Frequency Domain Filtering Technique
Swati Dewangan, Anup Kumar Sharma
Abstract - Images are used in various fields to help monitoring processes such as images in fingerprint evaluation, satellite monitoring, medical diagnostics, underwater areas, etc. Image processing techniques is adopted as an optimized method to help the processing tasks efficiently. The development of image processing software helps the image editing process effectively. Image enhancement algorithms offer a wide variety of approaches for modifying original captured images to achieve visually acceptable images. In this paper, we apply frequency domain filters to generate an enhanced image. Simulation outputs results in noise reduction, contrast enhancement, smoothening and sharpening of the enhanced image.
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37 Coupled Analysis of Re-Entry Vehicle
L.Jayaprakash, P.Viswabharathy, G.Athiram, P.Nishanth
Abstract - The main goal of the work described in this paper was to setup a procedure for modeling a thermal production system for hypersonic reentry vehicle by the author. A multiphysics framework has been setup for the simulation of hypersonic reentry vehicle using commercial codes CFD and FEA with user defined programming CFD (FLUENT) and the material thermal and structural response code (ANSYS) are loosely coupled to achieve the solution. The evaluation of the aero thermodynamics analysis of reentry trajectory. CFD results are presented to show the flow field around a capsule in hypersonic flow. FEA results are presented to show the stress around a capsule in hypersonic flow. CFD analysis represents a key technology within planetary entry vehicle design. Safe landing of vehicles re-entering from space requires, in fact, an accurate understanding of all physical phenomena that take place in the flow field past the hypersonic vehicle to assess its aerodynamics and aerothermodynamics performance. These parameters are of primary relevance for the design of reentry trajectory and vehicle thermal protection system; for the latter, in particular, it is pointed out to role catayticity on the vehicle thermal load. In this framework, a possible earth-entry scenario for the proposed capsule type vehicle is reported and analyzed.
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38 Strength Characteristics of Glass Fibre Concrete
Geetha.V, Jose Ravindra Raj.B
Abstract - Effects of using fibre have been increasing due to its excellent performance in concrete. Glass fibre plays an eminent role in construction industry. Ordinary concrete has certain constraints to achieve strength more than M40 and due to rate of hydration cracks develop. Massive growth of construction industry needs special concrete such as glass fibre concrete. To overcome these problems in this work Glass fibre were added to concrete the percentage varied from 0% to 0.3%. Mix design for M40 Grade of concrete was done as per IS 10262:2009,Strength test such as compression strength test, split tensile strength and flexural strength test were done, addition of 0.3% showed good strength when compared to other two combination.
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39 Effective Performance of Different Types of Agro Waste Ashes in Concrete
Indiragandhi.T, Chandru.P
Abstract - Cement is a one of the innovative material in civil engineering. Production of cement creates lot of environmental problems, cement as a binder material cannot be avoided fully, but partially it can be replaced by various materials. Lot of research are under process to replace alternate material for cement. To achieve this goal in these work Different types of agro waste ashes such as rice husk ash, sugarcane bagasse ash, palm oil fuel ash, and coconut coir pith ash were used. In this work different types of ashes were replaced with cement for 15% and 25% and strength such as tensile and flexural strength is carried out. Mix design was done for M20 Grade of concrete as per IS 10262:2009 .Palm oil ash and sugarcane ash showed good increase in strength.
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40 Effect of Partial Replacement of Marble Powder and Rice Husk Ash in Brick Material
Kannadason.R, Jose Ravindra Raj.B
Abstract - The main aim of waste management system is to maximize economic benefits and at the same time protection of the environment. Marble processing industry generates a large amount of wastes mainly in the form of powder during sawing and polishing processes. These wastes are found to have environmental impacts and affect human health. Similarly rice mills generates large amount of rice husk which is then burnt to form an ash called rice husk ash. It is also essential to develop alternate methods of brick manufacturing in order to reduce the use of precious clay soil in brick manufacturing, thus protecting it for agricultural use. Utilization of rice husk ash and marble powder in brick manufacturing is reported in this paper. Rise husk ash and marble powder are added as partial replacement for clay at three different proportions for the manufacturing of bricks. In this work 19cmx9cmx9cm bricks were cast for combination of clay, Rice husk and marble dust and results were found to be good.
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41 Design of Slot Piercing Tool for Diaphragm Spring in a Single Plate Clutch Assembly
Chetan B. Kawale, Ankush R. Daware, Aniket V. Thakare, Gokul B. Ajmire, Chaitanya G. Deshmukh
Abstract - Press tools are used to produce a particular component in large quantity, out of sheet metals where particular component achieved depends upon press tool construction and its configuration. The different types of press tool constructions leads to different operations namely blanking, bending, piercing, forming, drawing, cutting off, parting off, embossing, coining, notching, shaving, lancing, dinking, perforating, trimming, curling etc. Generally metals having thickness less than 6mm is considered as strip. Blanking is one of the sheet metal operations where we produce flat components of prerequisite shape. In Blanking the required shape periphery is cut and cut-out piece is called blank. The press tool used is for blanking operation is called as blanking tool, if piercing operation it is piercing tool and so on based on operation that we perform. The application of press operations are widely used in many industries like food processing, packing, defense, textile, automobile, aircraft and many apart from manufacturing industry. In this connection an attempt is made on to learn the press tool design, materials, manufacturing used for press tool and calculations involved in it. In this work, a real time design of a simple blanking press tool and manufacturing of a prototype is made along with analysis where the output is a circular piece having diameter of 20mm. The press machine is of mechanical type.
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42 Detailed Investigation on Strengthening of Concrete Using Waste Rubber Tyres
Punithavathy.U, Chandru.P
Abstract - Concrete is a construction material. It is made by mixing of cement, fine aggregates, coarse aggregate and water in the proper proportions. Recycled waste tyre rubber is a promising material in the construction industry because of its lightweight, elasticity, energy absorption, sound and heat insulating properties. One such application that could use old rubber tires is rubberized concrete. Concrete is made cheaper by replacing some of its fine aggregate with granulated rubber crumbs from used rubber tires. Light weight masonry of this type of concrete has a positive economic effect on total cost of the construction, it reduces the dead weight loading, giving smaller supporting sections and foundations as well as saving in transport and construction costs .In this work tensile and flexural strength was studied for crumb rubber and combination of crumb rubber and wood ash replacement of fine aggregate Tensile and flexural strength increases when the percentage of replacement of crumb rubber increases. The 7- days and 28- days Tensile and flexural strength of the specimens increased by addition of wood ash to concrete containing crumb rubber.
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43 Experimental Investigation on Human Hair Fiber Based Concrete and Normal Concrete
P. Vadivel, D.Jeyakumar
Abstract - Concrete as one of the most widely used building material. It is composed of three main elements there are cement, sand and fillers in which they are bonded together by cement and formed concrete that is in fact a man-made stone. It compressive strength is acceptable and tensile strength is very low (about ten percentage of compressive strength). Human hair is strong in tension and can be used as a fiber reinforcement material. Hair fiber is an alternate non-degradable matter which is available in abundance and at a very cheap cost. In this work 0%, 2%, 6%, 8%, 10% hair fibers were added and as a result it increases the strength of the mixture thus making it a better material. Adding of both cement and human hair to reinforcement concrete in M20 Grade cement improves the load bearing capacity of a mixture and the required compressive strength is attained.
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44 Intelligent Book Recommendation System Based on Collaborative Filtering and Association Rule Mining
Aditya G. Tate, Yogesh R.Gupta, Sharedchandra P. Kawane
Abstract - The increasing power of computer technology has dramatically increased data collection, storage, and manipulation ability. As data sets grow in size and complexity, direct "hands-on" data analysis has increasingly been augmented with indirect, automated data processing. Over the years, libraries in universities and other educational institutions have gathered a lot of data on books borrowed by students, yet the valuable knowledge embedded in these data has remained untapped. In many cases, students do not find required books in the library or probably the books have been borrowed by some other students. There are even a lot of books that have never been read by students. In many other cases, library management are faced with the challenge of what book to buy that would maximally benefit the students, and also how to place these books in shelves. There is therefore an urgent need for systems that can help the library management make informed decisions so as to address these issues. This paper presented a book recommender system that mines frequently hidden and useful patterns from the book library records and make recommendations based on the pattern generated using associated rule mining technique.
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45 Preventing Black hole Attack from Routing Path in MANETs by Secret Key and Hashing
Abdulssalam A.Alafi, Aditi Agrawal, A.K Jaiswal, Rajeev Paulus
Abstract - MANETs system is made out of remote portable device that communicates by transferring on wireless medium. This system is portrayed by absence of infrastructure, without facilitator and central assets. Communication is conceivable by devices in a system that are helpful; however it is not generally valid in disseminated compelled asset condition. Hacker can play out the malicious exercises by not following directing convention of network layer protocols, one such attack is black hole attack. In black hole attack device control the routing messages and pull in the correspondence data towards it and after that drop the data. Earlier works identifies and prevent black hole attack by observing the nodes in a network, which is not practical arrangement in hostile environment. The proposed technique mitigates Black hole Attack from routing path in MANETs by Secret Key and Hashing. Analysis of our results demonstrates that our proposed technique precisely remove the black hole attack and extend the performance of network.
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46 Thermal Stress and Creep Analysis of Failed Tube of Secondary
P.Viswabharathy, T.Raja, M.Prakash, S.Rahavan, S.Raguvaran
Abstract - Super heater is an inevitable component of any boiler system. Failure of super heater leads to breakdown of whole plant. This paper is aimed at thermal stress and creep damage analysis of secondary super heater tubes .Computational fluid dynamic analysis of secondary super heater block is carried out which shows disturbed flue gas flow pattern and overheating in some regions of super heater. Fairly high temperature values on bottom bends of tube panels are seen in conjugate heat transfer analysis. Affected tube panels are analyzed for thermo-structural stresses using ANSYS under combined as well as isolated pressure and temperature effect. The stresses are found within safe limits under isolated pressure and temperature loads however under combined loading larger values of thermal stresses are seen on affected bottom bends of the super heater panel. The flow modifications were carried out to get better heat transfer and uniform temperature on the super heater. Post flow modification stress analysis shows lower stresses in on bottom bends due to uniform flow and improved temperature profile on super heater. The failure regions of the super heater tubes are found out by high temperature areas and stress obtained from thermo structural analysis. These results are verified respectively with creep analysis of the failed tube and ground data.
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47 3D FEAnalysis of Metal Spinning Process
K.Udayani,Dr.V.Veeranna,Dr.S.Gajanana,Dr.K.Hemachandra Reddy
Abstract - Metal Spinning is one of the metal forming processes, where a flat metal blank is rotated at high speed and formed into an axi-symmetric part by a roller which gradually forces the blank on to a mandrel, resulting in final shape of the spun part. Spinning have gradually matured as metal forming process for the production of engineering component in small to medium batch quantities. Such components mostly find application in the automotive, aerospace, aircraft missile industries which require a high strength to weight ratio for their component. This paper proposes an approach of optimizing process parameters mandrel speed(rpm), roller nose radius(mm) and blank thickness. The parameters observed as output are forming force and surface roughness.The FEA software is used for modeling and analysis. The process parameters considered in the experimentation.
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48 Heterogeneous Medical Data Integration in the Health e-Child
Kalyani P. Ugale, A. D. Gawande
Abstract - The approach advocated in this paper surrounds the provision of an Integrated Data Model plus links to/from ontologies to homogenize biomedical (from genomic, through cellular, disease, patient and population-related) data in the context of the EC Framework 6 Health-e-Child project. Clinical requirements are identified, the design approach in constructing the model is detailed and the integrated model described in the context of examples taken from that project. Pointers are given to future work relating the model to medical ontologies and challenges to the use of fully integrated models and ontologies are identified. In particular the requirement of integrating multiple, potentially distributed, heterogeneous data sources in the medical domain for the use of clinicians has set challenging goals for the health grid community.
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49 Strength Investigation on Hardened Concrete by Partial Replacement of Sand with Marble Powder and Quarry Dust
M. Mahendran, D.Jeyakumar
Abstract - Construction industry is one of the major users of the natural resources. Continuous use of natural resources had led to high escalation in their unit costs. Sand is one such material which continuous use has started posing serious problems with respect to its availability, cost and environmental impact. At the same time, increased concern is being expressed with respect to disposal of industrial wastes. Disposal of industrial wastes like fly ash, marble powder and quarry dust is becoming a serious threat to the environment. In this work marble powder was replaced for 25%, 35%, 45%, 55% and 65% and quarry dust was replaced for 75%,65%55%,45% with sand.. Hardened concrete test such as compression strength test, split tensile strength and flexural strength were performed for M25 Grade of concrete the results were found to be good.
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50 Experimental Behaviour of Light Weight Aggregate and Mineral Admixtures Based Light Weight Concrete
V. Ravikumar, B. Jose Ravindra Raj
Abstract - Light weight concrete plays an important role in concrete industry as it reduces the density. Light weight concrete plays an eminent role in current construction activity. Light weight aggregate along with mineral admixture improves concrete performance. In this work for M25 Grade of concrete along with standard mix light weight material pumice stone was added from 15%,25%,35% and silica fume, fly ash was added for 10% respectively. Experiments such as Compression test, Tensile Strength and Flexural Strength tests were performed after 7days, 14days, and 28 days respectively. Mix ratio was found to be 1:1:2 and mix design was done as per IS 10262:2009. It is segregated as L1 L2 and L3. The test result shows that L2 seems to show higher strength in all the 3. Addition of mineral admixtures improved the strength.
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51 Comparing the Performance of Texture and Cluster Based Segmentation Algorithms in SVM Classifier for Mammogram Analysis
S.K.Sajan, Dr.M.Germanus Alex
Abstract - An approximate 12-15% reduction in breast cancer mortality is associated with mammography screening for women aged 40-69 years reported by the public health foundation of india[18]. Breast cancer is predicted to be a great threat to the society in the coming decade. Some women wonder about the risks of radiation exposure due to mammography. Modern-day mammography only involves a tiny amount of radiation - even less than a standard chest X-ray. The main risk of mammograms is that they aren't perfect. Normal breast tissue can hide a breast cancer so that it doesn't show up on the mammogram[20]. The problems with analysis of the mammogram image by Radiologists during breast cancer screening is reduced with our proposed segmentation algorithm and computer assisted techniques. The enhanced mammogram image is given as input for the two segmentation algorithms Fuzzy C Means clustering and Texture segmentation using texture filters and the segmented image is classified using SVM classifier (non-linear) method.
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52 Effect of Tool Geometry Variation of Nano Scale Multilayer Coated Cutting Tool in Machining A Review
P.Viswabharathy, R.Kumar, A.Ayyappan, P.Dineshkumar
Abstract - In this paper an attempt is made to review the literature on the machining parameters in turning processes by using Carbide inserts. The effects of cutting speed, feed rate, and depth of cut on components in the hard turning were experimentally investigated .To analysis the progress of tool wear of crater wear and Flank wear of the cutting tool insert in machining of mild steel in turning process. The effect of cutting tool geometry has long been an issue in understanding mechanics of turning. Tool geometry has significant Influence on, tool wear, surface finish and surface integrity during turning. This article presents a survey on variation in tool geometry i.e. tool nose radius, rake angle, rake face, variable edge geometry, and their effect on tool wear, surface roughness and surface integrity of the machined surface. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) test are conducted to observe the tool wear surface of carbide insert.
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53 Optimization of Process Parameters of Metal Spinning using Response Surface Methodology
K.Udayani, Dr.V.Veeranna, Dr.S.Gajanana, Dr.K.Hemachandra Reddy
Abstract - Metal forming of metals involves deforming of metal physically into various derived shapes and sizes under the effect of externally applied forces. The spinning process is an advanced plastic working technology and is frequently used for manufacturing axisymmetric shapes. Over the last few decades, Sheet metal spinning has developed significantly and spun products have widely used in various industries. Nowadays the process has been expanded to new horizons in industries, since tendency to use minimum tool and equipment costs and also using lower forces with the output of excellent surface quality and good mechanical properties. The automation of the process is of greater importance, due to its wider applications like decorative household goods, rocket nose cones, gas cylinders, etc. This paper aims to gain insight into the conventional spinning process by employing experimental and numerical methods. The present work proposes an approach for optimizing process parameters are mandrel speed (rpm), roller nose radius (mm), thickness of the sheet (mm). Forming force and surface roughness are the responses.in spinning of Aluminum (2024-T3) using DOE-Response Surface Methodology (RSM).
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54 Thermal Analysis of Fin Modelling for Cooling of Electronic System
Ashwanee Patel, Manoj Sharma
Abstract - Cooling of any heat generated device could be complete either by active ways or passive pays. Passive ways are the natural method of cooling like fin while active ways are spraying of the coolant. Passive ways of cooling are cheaper and also performs well. Fins also recognized as extended surface are the most convenient method of passive or natural cooling. Present paper describe on the evaluation of the work conducted by the researcher on the numerical modelling of the fin. Circular fins with 5mm and 10mm length has been fitted over a base plate and the heat remove analysis has been conducted. From the study it has been found that the fin increases the heat transfer from the system where it has been fixed by raising the surface area presented for the releasing of heat. They also increases the intensity of the fluid flow near the heat generated device which further increases the heat dissipation rate. Study also reveals that the increasing the length of the extruded surface enhance the heat dissipation rate.
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55 Interference Aware and Energy Efficient Multihop in Underwater Acoustic Networks
S.M.Uma, Dr.V. Pon.Panneer Selvam
Abstract - We study maximum multi-flow scheduling in an underwater acoustic sensor network. The network consists of underwater sensor nodes and surface gateways. The objective is to maximize the sum of the flows that can be finished within a fixed time duration. To address challenges posed by large sound propagation latency, we convert the original network to a time-expanded network, and develop a linear programming (LP) formulation for the maximum multi-flow scheduling. The solution to the LP formulation provides an upper bound of the maximal achievable flow. Through introducing a stronger constraint into the LP formulation, a feasible multi-flow transmission schedule is proposed, which guarantees a small approximation factor. Simulations are conducted to verify the theoretical results. Due to the battery resource constraint, it is a critical issue to save energy in wireless sensor networks, particularly in large sensor networks. One possible solution is to deploy multiple sink nodes simultaneously. In this paper, we propose a protocol called MRMS (Multipath Routing in large scale sensor networks with Multiple Sink nodes) which incorporates multiple sink nodes, a new path cost metric for improving path selection, dynamic cluster maintenance and path switching to improve energy efficiency. MRMS is shown to increase the lifetime of sensor nodes substantially compared to other algorithms based on a series of simulation experiments.
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56 Duplicates Detection in Large Document Database among Symbolically Compressed Images
Rashmi M. Choudhari, Dr. D. M. Dakhane
Abstract - An algorithm for duplicate document detection is proposed in this paper that operates directly on images that have been symbolically compressed using techniques related to the ongoing JBIG2 standardization effort. This paper describes a hidden Markov model (HMM) method that recognizes the text in an image by deciphering data from the compressed representation. The detection of duplicate images is a useful means of indexing a large database of documents.
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57 An Insight into Grid Scheduling Algorithms: A Survey
Vigneswari.T
Abstract - Grid scheduling is the process of mapping each and every task for the job completion with respect to the service level agreements. Grid scheduling produces effective decisions, and involves the resources from various administrative domains. The complexity of generic scheduling issue is NP-Complete. The scheduling issue is more problematic due to certain unique features of grid computations. In this paper, the recent trend in scheduling for grid computing is reviewed. It gives an account of grid scheduling mechanisms that were amended in earlier stages of grid and fruition of the same relevant to grid. It also briefs several existing metaheuristics optimization algorithm existing for grid computing and presents a comparison. The necessity for unconventional scheduling mechanism is also endorsed by focusing on issues and challenges prevailing in the current scenario.
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58 Identification of On-Premise Sign with the Help of Street View Image
Prajakta R. Narnaware, Shubham M. Tele
Abstract - Camera-enabled mobile devices are commonly used as interaction platforms for linking the user's virtual and physical worlds in numerous research and commercial applications, such as serving an augmented reality interface for mobile information retrieval. The different application scenarios give rise to a key technique of daily life visual object recognition. On-premise signs (OPSs), a very popular and ease to use form of commercial advertising, are widely used in our delay life. Commercial advertisement is a best for publicity. The OPSs often exhibit great visual diversity (e.g., appearing in arbitrary size), accompanied with complex environmental conditions (e.g., foreground and background clutter). Observing that such real-world characteristics are lacking in most of the existing image data sets, in this paper, I first proposed an OPS data set, namely OPS-62, in which totally 4649 OPS images of 62 different businesses are collected from Google's Street View. It's a efficiency is about 151.28% to search the images. This website is too much good for searching a commercial advertisement. Now days mobile are widely used in delay life. In this website newly added Google map for finding the nearby area.
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59 Development of Mechanical Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete Contain Rice Husk Ash
A.Ayyappan, R.Kumar, P.Dinesh Kumar, P.Viswabharathy
Abstract - The scope of this research is to determine the usefulness of Rice husk ash (RHA) in the development of economical self compacting concrete (SCC). The cost of materials will be decreased by reducing the cement content by using waste material like rice husk ash instead paper presents a study on the development of Mechanical properties up to 28 days of self compacting and ordinary concretes with rice-husk ash (RHA), from a rice paddy milling industry (Rajapalayam). The different replacement percentages of cement by RHA, 0%, 10%, 15% and 20%, water/cementicious ratios from 0.35 ordinary concrete and water /powder ratio from 1 self compacting concrete were used to make concrete specimens. The 7day14 days and 28days results are compared with those of the self compacting concrete with RHA replacement concrete, with compressive, split tensile, flexural strength.
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60 iPath and Cloudlet Base Load Balancing in Wireless Sensor Network
R.L. Dhivya, Dr. B. Ramakrishnan
Abstract - A wireless sensor network (WSN) is a wireless network containing of spatially distributed independent devices using sensors to monitor physical or environmental conditions. It is an entrance that provides wireless connectivity back to the wired world and distributed nodes. The drawback mostly cover in WSN is to overcome the attack and also the Load Balancing mechanism. Thus it should be concern and overcome in the proposed scheme. Here the most of the application was fully adjusted and formulated by the proposed algorithm. The mechanisms are technology that used in this project was DBA algorithm (Division Based). Here each node is formatted in the cluster formation with separate access point in each cluster which is denoted as Cloudlet. The methodology used in this project is to avoid the time delay and increase the total amount of energy in the system. The division based multiple access algorithm utilize all the possible node to transmits the data. The proposed model is efficient and increase the security of the system through which it can be determined. The overall energy wastage was reduced by 85%. Then the time delay and packet loss was considerably reduced.
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61 Simulation and Analysis of Impedance Matching of Antenna using Inset Feeding
Ramadan SH R Elamein, Mayur Kumar, A.K Jaiswal
Abstract - The aim of this paper is to provide analysis of the Impedance matching of an antenna using inset feeding. Circuit parameters along with design parameters have been presented here. This paper also presents method for finding the inset length to match with the load impedance. A circuit parameter analysis is used to obtain the impedance analysis and also the matching evaluation. The results obtained showed the optimum parameters obtained from the simulation and analytical calculation.
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62 Improved Memory Reliability against Multiple Cell Upsets: Survey
T. Evangeline santhia, R. Helen ramya bharathi
Abstract - Scaling of CMOS technology to nanoscale will increase soft error rate in memory cells. Both single bit upset and Multiple Cell Upsets (MCUs) causes reliability issues in memory applications. Transient multiple cell upsets (MCUs) are getting major problems within the reliability of memories exposed to radiation environment and have an effect on large number of cells. Hence to provide fault tolerant memory cells, Error detection and Correction Codes are used which are being discussed here in this paper.
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63 The Future Device - Tunnel Field Effect Transistor A survey
Helen Ramya Bharathi R, T. Evangeline Santhia, Dr.P.Karthikeyan
Abstract - The down-scaling of regular MOSFETs has prompted a looming power emergency, in which static power utilization is ending up noticeably too high. Keeping in mind the end goal to enhance the vitality productivity of electronic circuits, little swing switches are intriguing contender to supplant or supplement the MOSFETs utilized today. TFETs, which are gated p-i-n diodes whose on-current rises up out of band-to-band burrowing, are engaging new devices for low-control applications due to their low off-current and their potential for a little subthreshold swing. Aside from every one of these points of interest TFET experiences low ON current. So to enhance this low ON current many gate engineering structures have been proposed. This paper clarifies every one of the strategies which are utilized till now and furthermore clarifies device structure and execution assessment.
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64 Hardness and Flexural Strength of Rice Husk and Rice Husk Ash on Coconut Fiber Reinforced Polyester Composites
Ali Jasim Hameed, Sadhu.Prasanth, T. Suseela
Abstract - Fiber-reinforced polymer composites played a dominant role for a long time in a variety of applications for their high specific strength. The fiber is classified in to synthetic and natural. Although glass and other synthetic fiber-reinforced plastics possess high specific strength, their fields of application are very limited because of their inherent higher cost of production. In this connection, an investigation has been carried out to make use of coconut, a natural fiber abundantly available in India. Natural fibers are not only strong and lightweight but also relatively very cheap. The present work describes the development and characterization of a new set of natural fiber based polymer composites consisting of coconut fiber as reinforcement, polyester resin, some additional materials like rice husk and rice husk ash. Experiments are carried out to study the hardness and flexural strength of different fiber composition such as coconut fiber, rice husk and rice husk ash and polyester composites. In the present work, polyester and rice husk ash composition gives better flexural strength. These results indicate that coconut fiber can be used as a potential reinforcing material for many structural and non-structural applications. This work can be further extended to study other aspects of such composites like effect of fiber content, fiber orientation, loading pattern, fiber treatment on mechanical behaviour of coconut fiber, rice husk and rice husk ash and polyester composites.
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65 Design Optimization and Analysis of Propeller Shaft
R. Harimaheswaran, N.Jeyakumar, R.Satheeshkumar, P.Viswabharathy
Abstract - Automotive drive Shaft is a very important component of vehicle. The overall objective of this paper is to design and analyse a drive shaft for power transmission. Substituting low alloy steel for conventional metallic structures has many advantages because of higher specific stiffness and strength of alloy materials. This work deals with the replacement of conventional drive shafts with a alloy material's. In this work AISI 8750 is used as low alloy material. The design parameters were optimized with the objective of minimizing the weight of c drive shaft. The design optimization also showed significant potential improvement in the performance of drive shaft. In this present work an attempt has been to estimate the deflection, stresses, natural frequencies under subjected loads using FEA. Further comparison carried out for both steel and alloy materials and weight of the shaft is optimized and stress intensity factor found for both Steel and drive shafts.
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66 Design of Base Isolation for Seismic Response Control
G.Pandeeswari, R.Ilayarsi, A.Ayyappan, R.Kumar, P.Viswabharathy
Abstract - Earthquake is one of the natural hazards that occur suddenly due to violent movement of earth's surface which releases energy causing destruction to buildings and structures. Protection of structures against this destruction is of vital importance and decades of research have been carried out focusing on this. This paper discusses one such seismic protection method using base isolation. Base isolation is a technique in which the super structure is isolated from the foundation using special devices which are good in lateral load resisting. Isolators are introduced between super structure and sub structure, under each column. During earthquake, these base isolation devices partially absorb and reflect the input seismic energy before it gets transmitted to the superstructure. This reduces the seismic energy that gets transferred to the structure, thereby increasing its earthquake resistant capacity. Typical base isolator is made of sandwiched layers of materials like rubber, with and without reinforcing steel shims. The design methodology depends on input parameters like fundamental period of structure, damping of the fixed base structure, axial load on the column, seismic zone, type of soil and shear modulus of rubber. In this study, a typical G+5 storey hospital building has been analyzed using SAP2000 and isolators are designed for different column loads. Comparisons of responses were made between fixed base and isolated base structure, in terms of frequencies, and response acceleration.
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67 Experimental Study on Properties of Concrete with Basalt Fiber and Phosphogypsum
Aquib Khan, Raj Bandhu Dixit, Fazlur Rahman
Abstract - Abundant of research investigations have been conducted on phosphogypsum and basalt fiber for various applications. Most of the research investigations were carried out by purifying phosphogypsum for the impurities present in it, Concrete had a good future and is unlikely to get replaced by any other material on account of its ease to produce , infinite variability , uniformity, durability and economy with using of basalt fiber in high strength concrete then its utilization were suggested. In another research approach phosphogypsum could be utilized without any treatment and therefore it may be entitled as untreated, impure or raw phosphogypsum. The main aim of the investigation program is first to prepare the strength of concrete of grade M25 with locally available ingredient and then to study the effect of different proportion of basalt fiber in the mix and to find optimum range of basalt fiber and phosphogypsum content in the mix. The concrete specimens were tested at different age level for mechanical properties of concrete, namely, cube compressive strength, flexural strength, and other test were conducted for cement, chemical admixture, coarse aggregate & fine aggregate. 10% and 15% of phosphogypsum has been fixed and basalt fiber is being varying on 0.3%,0.6%,0.9%. The properties of such cement, cement mortar and concrete mixes produced compared with conventional mixes. The conventional concrete mixes have been modified to accommodate raw phosphogypsum and basalt fiber as a part of cement to be suitable for the concrete for workability and 28 days compressive strength varying from 20 N/ mm2 to 30 N/ mm2.
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68 Charging Battery without Using Wires
Pooja D. Patil, V. K. Shandilya
Abstract - Battery life of mobile phone is always been a problem for producers. People are complaining about their mobile's battery life, that they don't have long battery life and they have to charge their phone several times. Portable electronic devices are very popular currently. People are demanding more and more for the longer battery life. These batteries need to be recharged or replaced from time to time. It is a stress to charge or change the battery after a while, especially when there is no power channel around. This wireless battery charger is expected to eliminate all the difficulties with today's battery technology. The advantage of this system is that mobile phones can be charged without using the wires and can save time and money. Once the prototype has been proved to be working, it is possible to implement this prototype into other applications such as in television remote control, fire alarm, clock, and places that are far to reach to change battery.
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69 Digital Forensics
Rupali K.Kulkarni, Dr.A.D.Gawande
Abstract - Corporates and organizations across the globe are spending huge sums on information security as they are reporting an increase in security related incidents. The proliferation of cloud, social network and multiple mobile device usage is on one side represent an opportunity and benefits to the organization and on other side have posed new challenges for those policing cybercrimes. Cybercriminals have devised more sophisticated and targeted methods/techniques to trap victim and breach security setups. The appearance of exceedingly procedural nature of digital crimes has produced a new division of science known as digital forensics. Digital Forensics is the field of forensics science that deals with digital crimes and crimes involving computers. This paper emphases on updating of digital forensics, classification of digital forensics, overview of digital forensics, the digital forensics process in this fascinated area.
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70 A Novel Routing Protocol Design for Underwater Sensor Networks
F. Ruba, Dr. B. Ramakrishnan
Abstract - Underwater sensor networks (UWSNs) is a best way to explore the aqua regions like lakes, rivers, seas and oceans. Hence it needs a secure implementation technique with effective routing and high security routing protocol in the acoustic region. UWSNs have some difficulties in terms of delay and in power utilization. It is difficult to achieve in this medium which have been already proved in the terrestrial networks. A new metric called Node to Node Latency is introduced for delay responsive underwater sensor networks. Forwarding set determination and packet forwarding prioritization algorithms are used to solve the delay problem. The proposed scheme involves that any small package which cannot get together its target is go down. The new routing protocol was implemented namely EGOUR (Exploiting Geographic Opportunistic Underwater Routing) is proposed for reducing time delay and increase the energy efficient.
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