Welcome to International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Engineering Research (IJETER)


Volume 5, Issue 5, May (2017)

S.No Title & Authors Full Text
1 Certificate Authentication Using QR Code and Smart Phone
T.Guhan, Dr.N.Revathy, P.Tamilselvan, Subin Sebastian
Abstract - An institution issued a degree certificate to those students who have successfully completed all studies included in the degree. The degree certificate awarded by the University is of prime importance in the person's life but the production and circulation of fake certificates is cheap because a paper document can easily be forged with the availability of advance printing and copying technologies. Hence, there is a need to adopt a process that can verify and ensure the authenticity of a document. In order to prevent the circulation of fake degree certificates a method is proposed where the integrity of the contents within the certificate can be verified with the use of QR Code and Smart Phone Application. A QR Code will contain a digital signature over the data such as degree holder's name, enrollment number, roll number, total marks obtained etc. which will be signed by university authorities. In order to verify the digital signature a person need to use a specific smart phone application which will scan the QR Code and authenticate the certificate.
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2 Fatigue Analysis of Diesel Engine Flywheel by Using S-Glass Composite Material
Yantrapati Murali Krishna, Venkatesh INellore
Abstract - In this thesis, the main aim is to design a flywheel for a multi cylinder diesel engine flywheel using the empirical formulas. A 2D drawing is drafted using the calculations. A parametric model of the flywheel is designed using 3D modelling software Pro/Engineer. The material used for flywheel is Cast Iron. In this thesis, it is replaced with aluminum alloy A 360 and composite material S Glass. The present material is replaced since by using Cast Iron, the weight of the flywheel is more. By using Aluminum alloy A360 and S Glass, the weight is reduced. Structural analysis, modal analysis and fatigue analysis are done on the flywheel. Analysis is done for three materials Cast Iron, Aluminium Alloy A360 and S Glass to compare the results. By observing the analysis results, the analyzed stress values are less than their respective yield stress values. So using all the three materials is safe under working conditions. And also by comparing the materials, the stress values are almost same for all the materials.
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3 Performance Analysis of Synchronous SEPIC Converter for a Stand-Alone PV System
R.Nagarajan, J.Chandramohan, R.Yuvaraj, S.Sathishkumar, S.Chandran
Abstract - The renewable energy resources are flattering a boon to the biosphere where electrical energy is an inadequacy. There are numerous forms of renewable energy resources in spite of their types the solar energy is particularly becoming prevalent due to its source abundance and direct conversion from the sunlight. The extraction of the solar power from the solar panel is a straight progression but obtaining high efficiency from the solar panel is really a challenging process. In order to obtain high efficiency and stable output a boost converter should be used. There are many types of boost converter but basically they are classified as synchronous and non-synchronous converter. The synchronous converters are now becoming more advantageous than the other converters due to its reduced current ripple and better efficiency. Most importantly synchronous converters limit the usage of maximum power point tracking techniques that is without the closed loop maximum power point is achievable. The synchronous single-ended primary inductance converter (SEPIC) is analyzed with different parameters. The above stated converters are designed, modeled and simulated using MATLAB/SIMULINK. The simulation results are compared in terms of voltage ripple, current ripple, output power and efficiency.
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4 Study of PMEDM Efficiency on EN-31 Steel using Tungsten Powder in Dielectric Fluid
Naveen Kumar, Raghib Ahsan
Abstract - In this present work, study has been made to optimize the process parameters of powder mixed electrical discharge machining (PMEDM). Addition of optimum amount of powder in dielectric fluid of EDM impact the Material Removal Rate and inferior the Tool Wear Rate of work piece. Current, Pulse on, Pulse off, and powder concentration were chosen variable to study the process performance. Taguchi Orthogonal Array L9 has been used as a DOE (Design of Experiment) method to program and analyses the experiments. 5 gm/l and 10 gm/l of Tungsten powder (200 mesh size) has been used in EDM oil. It has been investigated the current, pulse on time, powder concentration are the most significant factor that influence the output responses like MRR and TWR. Increase in powder concentration improves process parameters but higher amount of concentration results in arcing which gives inexpedient machining results. EN-31 steel has been selected as workpiece material and Copper is used as electrode.
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5 A Secure Multi-Weighted Keyword Ranking Search on Encrypted Cloud Data
R. NallaKumar, K. Sivaranjani
Abstract - Cloud computing is one of the most increasing one with the increase no. of cloud users. In today's environment every user wants to store and access their data at any time and at anywhere. Cloud storage system allows users to access their stored data using several virtual machines. Due to this scalable nature, the clouds are vulnerable and possible for several security and privacy issues. In order to provide the privacy and security for the encrypted data, a new framework is proposed. The proposed framework is named as "PASS" (Privacy And Secure data Search"). The proposed PASS framework identifies security and privacy issues in cloud environment. The PASS framework helps to protect the user search privacy and content security over encrypted data. Compared with the existing schemes, the scheme only need to check a small portion of ranked indexes in a results and, thus, greatly reduces the verification cost. The PASS framework consist many algorithms and techniques, which are i) Hidden vector encryption algorithm, this contains the set of processes such as (Setup, Encrypt, KeyGen, indexing and verification) ii). Adaptive Agglomerative Clustering (AAC), this used to group the documents based on its similarity nature. iii) Dynamic Hash Tree with sporadic is used to update the indexing process. This will improve the search efficiency. iv) Bloom filter and bloom search for fast document search, this will adequately helps to handle huge number of clients in the common cloud environment. And the PASS scheme supports different multi-weighted keyword semantics over encrypted information and this also verifies the integrity of the order within the search result. The proposed system aims to achieve high security and privacy for cloud data with increased search efficiency, accuracy and time efficiency.
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6 Review Paper on Big Data
Swapnil A. Wankhade
Abstract - Big data is a large data storage capacity in this day it will be storing data ,distibute , capturing the picture and exchanging data in wast manner they will be access.Big data day by day it will it more popular and more new technique will be adopted. They are accessible on internet, social networking site to it can store large amount of data in peta byte and exabyte. Big data often refers to simply handle of predictive analytics and user behavior analytics. they more higher data analytics procedure that extract value form data. Big data can be include V3 process called velocity, volume, variety . The big data they will be use in banking , companies and education on open source this paper aim to aware of big data analyze and applying different tools to it handle.
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7 Development of Plastering Mortar Based on Recycled Waste Glasses
P.K. Divek kumar, K.P.Ravikumar, A.Ayyappan, R. Kumar, J. Gandhiraj
Abstract - The aim of this study is to find a way to reuse the huge amounts of glass wastes in construction industry, by making new products at a lower price and also reduce the glass wastes. In this research several types of plastering mortars have been studied from a physical and mechanical point of view when natural aggregates were replaced by waste glass. Fine aggregates were replaced by waste glass aggregate as 50%, 100% and by weight for mortar mix1:6. The mortar specimens were tested for 7, 14, 28 days of age and the results obtained were compared with those of control block of mortar. The specimen was tested on ANSYS to analysis the tensile stress and deformation.
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8 Smart Intelligent ATM Using LABVIEW
M.Padmavathi, R.Nagarajan
Abstract - Now a day, peoples have multiple bank accounts so money transactions play a vital role in the nature of trade. Today, ATMs (Automated Teller Machine) and credit cards are used for this purpose, the authentication of these transactions are unsecure. To overcome this shortcoming of money transactions, we proposes the idea of using fingerprints of customers as login multiple banking password in place of traditional PIN (Personal Identification Number) number. Here, if the fingerprint is recognized, then it displays the multiple banking screens. The customer can choose the bank which we need for transaction. The remaining feature are same as i.e., a reference fingerprint of the nominee or a close family member of the customer can be used if the customer is not available in case of emergencies. This proposed business model helps the society, mainly the rural people, by enhancing the security using fingerprint recognition in digital image processing. As the fingerprint of every person is unique and unchangeable, this biometric feature is used over the others.
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9 Energy Optimization of Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network under Distance, Residual Energy and Interference Constraints
Ashwani Kumar Maurya, Akash Varshney, Ashish Bhasin, Dr. Bhawna Mallick
Abstract - Recently, a lot of techniques and protocols have been proposed for optimizing the energy of sensor nodes in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) so as to improve the throughput and lifetime of the network. This paper proposes a protocol which uses region based static clustering and hybrid routing of the sensor nodes. The nodes are deployed on the entire region depending upon their energy levels. The AI based fuzzy technique is used to elect Cluster Head (CH) in a particular region, which sends data to Base Station, considering three parameters such as Distance, Residual Energy and Interference as these parameters largely influence the stability of the network. We implemented the proposed protocol and compared it with SEP (Stable Election Protocol). The obtained simulation results depict that the proposed protocol reduces the energy consumption in the network as well as enhances the stability period and throughput of the WSN.
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10 Critical Study of Lime Treated Fly Ash Bricks
Maninder kaur, Dr. V.S Batra, Er. Sandeep Singla
Abstract - Fly ash has proven itself to be a highly effective puzzolonic material. It has been, and will continue to be, an important component in the modern world of construction. Companies and researchers around the world are now looking at new and innovative uses for this material. Through this study, it was found that the Fly ash generated from Thermal Power Plants in combination with lime, sand and stone dust can be compacted into dense and strong bricks by using the high-pressure compaction technique. With appropriate compaction pressure and proper proportioning of raw material, high quality bricks without using any binder or heat can be obtained. The bricks can be used in place of conventional burnt clay bricks. These bricks meet most of the important property requirements for use as commercial bricks. In this paper Optimum moisture content, compressive strength of various fly ash bricks were determined and compared.It was observed that Optimum moisture content for fly ash was 30% for fly ash and optimum moisture content for mix with lime was found to be 28%. The compressive strength of fly ash lime brick (FALB) was more than that of plain fly ash bricks (FAB) at all percentage of fly ash content. The increase in strength was more significant in bricks with 60% and 70% fly ash. Lime was added in plain fly ash bricks by replacing 10% fly ash with lime in the mix. Thus with the addition of lime to the fly ash, pozzolonic properties of fly ash were increased and thereby resulted in good compressive strength of the bricks. The compressive strength of fly ash sand lime bricks (FALB) increased with replacement of sand with stone dust (FALSDB) and was found to be maximum at 50% replacement of sand with stone dust for fly ash bricks (FALSDB) with 50% fly ash content.
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11 Influence of M-Sand for Self-Healing Concrete
P.Iswarya, K.P.Ravikumar, A.Ayyappan, R. Kumar, N.Kohila
Abstract - The concrete is heavily used as construction material in modern society. With the growth in urbanization and industrialization and its demand is increased day by day .In order to minimize the negative impact of concrete, The use of m-sand as supplementary to the usual materials. Our deals with the partial replacement of fine aggregate by m-sand and also we reduce the crack in concrete by using bacteria (bacillus pasteurii) in concrete. The substituent to natural sand by m-sand of 15%, 30% and 50% percent is to be studied for material and strength properties.100% cement concrete mix is of M30 and water cement ratio is 0.4. The strength will be tested during the period of 7 days, 14 days, 21 days respectively. We will compare replaced with the conventional about the strength and durability of the concrete and we use chemical protector as calcium lactate.
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12 Analysis of Different Packet Dropping Detection and Removal Techniques
Priyanka Salunkhe, Archana A. Nikose
Abstract - In recent years, an efficient design of a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) has become a leading area of research. It consists of base stations and numbers of nodes (wireless sensors). These networks are used to monitor physical or environmental conditions and co-operatively pass data through the network to a main location. A requisite application in WSN is node fault detection i.e. one of the key technology. In focus of achieving secure routing and increase the network lifetime, this work proposes a routing protocol called as Cost-Aware SEcure Routing (CASER). CASER proposed routing strategies for message forwarding like shortest path and secure message forwarding. It addresses two conflicting issues through two adjustable parameters: energy balance control (EBC) and probabilistic-based random walking. Self-Deployment of mobile sensors to achieve target coverage in presence of obstacles. Probabilistic based random walking the proposed protocol can achieve a high message delivery ratio in case of security while preventing routing from malicious tracebacks. Our theoretical analysis and NS2 simulation result will elaborate that we can increase the lifetime of network and the number of messages that can be delivered under non-uniform energy deployment by more than four times. The main objective to have a network which gives assurance of packet delivery and give the node time to regain, so that it will be able to carry further load packets on the network.
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13 To Perform Electrical Harmonic Analysis in Industry
Nilesh B. Mirajkar, R Dharaskar, P Kolhe
Abstract - Harmonics are components of distorted periodic waveforms whose frequencies are integer multiples of fundamental frequencies.The use of powers converters and other nonlinear loads in industry has increased the deterioration of the power system voltages and current waveforms. This Harmonic distortion is considered to be most significant reason for power quality problems. This paper discuss about collection of data, and its analysis performing harmonic analysis in industrial premises used to eliminate harmonics which improves the power qualities.
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14 Utilization of Vermiculite, Quarry Dust and Steel Slag for the Partial Replacement of Sand in Fly Ash Bricks
P.G.Guruvelu, Dr. T. Suresh Babu
Abstract - A brick is a building material used to make walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction. Pulverized ash brick or Fly ash brick technology is a process of converting industrial waste materials into quality building materials. At present, the technology is well established in converting thermal power plant waste into quality bricks. The advantages of using fly ash brick are, the brick carries good compressive strength, provide better thermal insulation than red clay bricks, cheaper compared to clay bricks and are environment friendly. One of the important ingredients of fly ash brick is natural sand or river sand. However, due to the increased use of bricks in almost all types of construction works, the demand of natural or river sand has been increased. The infrastructure development such as express highway projects, power projects and industrial developments have started in a big way now. Available natural sand is getting depleted and also it is becoming costly. Thus, to meet these increased demands of construction industry, excessive quarrying of sand from river beds is taking place causing the shortage of natural sand. This scarcity of natural sand due to such heavy demands in growing construction activities have forced engineers to find a suitable substitute. The present research is an attempt to identify the strength and durability of fly ash bricks in which the natural sand is replaced with vermiculite, quarry dust and steel slag in the proportions of 10%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%. The best proportion of GGBFS in the fly ash bricks is also identified in this report. In this study the fly ash bricks are self cured by forming geo polymers.
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15 Assessment of Construction in Concrete by Mixing Activator Material
Yuvraj Prabhakarrao Shinde, Indrajeet Jain, Mittapalli Dashratha Laxmiprasad
Abstract - The utilization of fly ash in concrete as partial replacement of cement is gaining immense importance today, mainly on account the improvements in the long - term durability of concrete combine with ecological benefits. Technological improvements in thermal power plant operation and fly ash collection system have resulted in improving the consistency of fly ash. In this paper the effect of fly ash on compressive strength is studied. Today, fly ash is used in high-way bridges and has been used on regular basis to produce high performance concrete. High performance concrete can be defined as a concrete in which certain characteristics are developed for particular application and environment. Examples of these characteristics are ease of placement, compaction without segregation, early age strength, long-term mechanical properties, permeability, density, heat of hydration long life severe environments. Many concrete mixes are now available to produce high performance concrete for pre-cast. Bridge girders. Most of these mixes have been designed based primarily strength criteria. Durable concrete is usually archived because of low permeability associated with high strength concrete and use of combination of cementitious materials such as fly ash. To carry this project concrete cube were casted. The concrete cubes are placed in water tank for the curing for 7 days, 14 days and 28 days. Concrete cubes were then tested with compression strength test. These tests were conducted to insure the quality of material, to reduce the cost and the important thing is to reduce the parties involved from having the problem at the next stages. These investigation shows that by using fly ash as replacing material with cement is suitable and can be used in construction industries. In these we are using NaoH (Sodium hydroxide) as activator in concrete. It increases strength of concrete. It reduces settling time of concrete.
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16 Experimental Study of Carbide as an Alternate Fuel Using in Internal Combustion Engine
P.Kannan, P.Viswabharathy, P.Dinesh Kumar
Abstract - The search for an alternative fuel is one of the needs for sustainable development, energy conservation, efficiency, management and environmental preservation. Therefore, any attempt to reduce the consumption of petrol and diesel possible alternative fuels is mostly preferable. Many research activities were developed in order to study the Internal Combustion Engines with alternative fuels. Acetylene is one of the tested fuels. The present project includes: providing a fuel comprising acetylene as a primary fuel and Alcohol as a Secondary fuel avoiding knocking for an internal combustion engine. The paper investigates working of SI engine on acetylene minor changes required to be done. Thus reducing the running cost and minimum pollutant emission, this makes it fit for use on economic and environment standard. It is more effective and eco-friendly alternative fuel option.
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17 Power Saving Solar Street lights
Badri Narayan Mohapatra, Aishwarya Dash, Bipin Prasad Jarika
Abstract - This project is based on the idea of maintaining maximum utilization and minimum loss of available energy. The plenty of solar energy available during the day time is stored in a solar cell and the stored energy is used to glow the street lights during the whole night. Also the system provides a power saving mode of operation by adapting the method of automation. A dark sensor and a light sensor provides the automatic "ON"/"OFF" facility to the street lights, so that it will glow automatically when it is required(i.e. when the surrounding will be dark) and it will be turned "OFF" automatically if sufficient light is available in the surrounding. Again the auto intensity control mechanism has been applied by the help of a microcontroller to control the light intensity of the luminaries as per the requirement. Hence the loss of energy due to unnecessary glow of the street lights can be avoided.
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18 Audio Transmitter and receiver System using Fiber Optic Cable
Badri Narayan Mohapatra, Md Jonaid, Anuradha Routray
Abstract - Limitations of copper wires, electrical wires result in dispersion and distortion of the message signal or source of any signal for long distances communication. As the data rate required by different applications increases optical fiber networks are becoming the dominant transmission medium then other communication system .Optical signals can be easily sent directionally using a variety of sources such as LED (light emitting diodes) with lenses or collimated lasers. Our goal is to create a short range one-way audio communication system as a proof of concept that such a audio communication system is both feasible and practical to us.
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19 A Smart Prioritized Ambulance Service Using Mobile Zigbee in a Traffic Control System
S.Naveena, C.Chitra
Abstract - Time is of the essence when ambulances are utilized to save people's lives, but when an ambulance needs to pass through a junction, its speed often will be reduced due to traffic. This complicates situations when the patient in the ambulance needs urgent treatment that can be administered only at a hospital. Due to the unavailability of advanced medical procedures in an ambulance, there is a possibility for patients to suffer a loss of life. This project aims at controlling normal traffic as well as clears path in case of ambulance reaching the signal, so that the patient can reach the hospital in the right time. In case of two ambulances reaching the signal at a time, based on the data from the ambulance the traffic signal will decide which ambulance to clear the signal first. ZigBee communication module is used as wireless technology.
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20 A Review of Teeth Cancer Using Semi-Supervised Approach
P.Thirumurugan, S.Sobana, M.Sheeba
Abstract - Dental X- ray image segmentation (DXIS) is an vitally necessary process in Practical dentistry for diagnosis of periodontitis diseases from an Xray image. DXIS have been investigated to get high accuracy of segmentation. In this paper, we propose a new cooperative scheme that applies semi-supervised Fuzzy clustering algorithm to DXIS. Specifically, the Otsu method is used to remove the Background area from an X-ray dental image. The FCM algorithm is chosen to remove the Dental Structure area from the results of the previous steps. Atlast, Semi-supervised Entropy regularized Fuzzy Clustering algorithm (eSFCM) is opted to clarify and improve the results. The proposed framework is evaluated on a real collection of dental X-ray image dataset. The usefulness and significance of this research are fully demonstrated within the extent of real-life application.
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21 Li-Fi (Light-Fidelity): The 5G Technology in Wireless Communication
Tejashree Mahajan, A.S.Bhide
Abstract - Light Fidelity or Li-Fi, is an exciting breakthrough in 5G visual light communication systems and the future of wireless Internet access. Li-Fi, i.e. Light Fidelity, is a technology enabling digital content to be broadcast using a light source. By switching a LED on and off several thousand times a second, data can be transmitted in computing language, in 01110... format. The frequencies are not visible to the naked human eye, too fast to have any physiological impact and allow all types of video and audio data to be transferred.
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22 Performance Analysis of PV based Low Power Multi-Core Embedded Management using Wireless Communication System
M.Valan Rajkumar, T.Indumathi
Abstract - This paper proposed to improved Quality of Service and cost reduction are important issues affecting the telecommunication industry. Companies such as Airtel, Gio etc believe that the solar powered cellular base stations are capable of transforming the communication industry due to their low cost, reliability, and environmental friendliness. Currently, there is several research efforts directed on the use of solar power in the telecommunication industry. In this paper, the importance of solar energy as a renewable energy source for cellular base stations is analyzed. Also, simulation software proteus is used to obtain an estimate of the cost of generation of solar power for cellular base stations. With this we introduce MPPT for efficient charging.
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23 A Novel Performance Analysis of Multiplexer Based Convolutional Encoder
P. Mano, M. Krishnamurthy
Abstract - In digital communication, convolutional codes are important to control the errors between the transmitter and receiver. Convolutional code is a type of error correction code (ECC) which can perform both error detection and correction operation between transmitter and receiver side. Here information bits are transformed serially through the architecture which is one of the major advantages as compared to block code method. The convolution encoder uses XOR gate which acts as main element in the convolution process. Convolution code which is performed based on the XOR operation has a main drawback of consuming high power initially. So it becomes necessary to replace the XOR operation with a low power consumption component mainly in low power applications. MUX acts a good alternative to XOR which consumes less power as compared to the XOR gate. In this work, two different type MUXs are involved to perform convolutional encoder operation for the encoding process. From these proposed approach can be reduce the power consumption, circuit complexity and also reduce the read only memory (ROM) size nearly 50%.
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24 Performance Analysis of IoT based Secured Smart Building Monitoring System Interface using GSM Technique
C. Hemalatha, M. Valan Rajkumar, M. Gayathri
Abstract - The Internet of Things (IoT) shall be able to incorporate transparently and seamlessly a large number of different and heterogeneous end systems, while providing open access to selected subsets of data for the development of digital services. Building a general architecture for the GSM IoT is hence a very complex task, mainly because of the extremely large variety of devices, link layer technologies, and services that may be involved in such a system. In this paper mainly, focused to monitor the structural health of building and smart lighting in a particular area. The collected information of particular area is transfer to mobile devices through wireless media. In this paper, focused specifically to an urban GSM IoT system those, while still being quite a broad category, are characterized by their specific application domain. Urban IoTs, in fact, are designed to support the Smart City vision, which aims at exploiting the most advanced communication technologies to support added-value services for the administration of the city and for the citizens.
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25 Power Optimization Using Leach Protocol in Wireless Network
R. Srividhya, Dr. V. Kathiresan
Abstract - In recent years, Wireless Sensor Networks are in great demand as there is a vast growth of wireless devices including cellular phones, laptops, mobiles, PDA's etc. Wireless Sensor Networks consists of thousands of tiny sensor nodes. The power resource of each sensor node is limited in wireless sensor networks. The important issues in the designing the routing protocols for sensor networks are minimizing energy dissipation and maximizing network lifetime. A node in a wireless sensor network will not be of use when its battery dies. To avoid this problem many protocols were introduced, but most of the rank is given to hierarchical routing protocols. This paper proposes a new improved cluster algorithm of LEACH protocol whose intention is increase the lifetime of the sensor nodes and to balance the energy consumption of the entire network. We analyze LEACH protocol, its phases, advantages and disadvantages and also various kinds of attacks on this routing protocol.
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26 A Survey on Localization Error Minimization Based on Positioning Techniques in Wireless Sensor Network
Meenakshi Parashar, Megha Soni
Abstract - A study in the field of Wireless sensor networks is much needed as many important services of WSN are used in different fields to perform various tasks such as search, rescue operations, critical operations, target tracking and a number of other tasks in smart environments, routing, and coverage. A localization algorithm is required for small structures based on wireless network and network's position reporting system. This work aims at determining the location of the sensor nodes with high correctness. The initial part of this work is carried out by localizing the nodes using Mobile Anchor node Positioning, a range-based localization method. The localization algorithm based on the range is basically finding point estimations by knowing a minimum number of position values of anchor node that's to be aware of absolute position value in the location network in sensor nodes are fixed in WSN. Proposed algorithm is used to measure a distance and angle of the direction of various sensor nodes using the number of anchors. Then get the optimum location by minimizing the fault and thus obtaining the optimum result. Basic challenges in a wireless sensor network are node localization. In reviews, the paper used different approaches for node localization discovery in wireless sensor networks.
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