Welcome to International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Engineering Research (IJETER)

Volume 5, Issue 6, June (2017)

S.No Title & Authors Full Text
1 Biodiesel Production from Kapok Seed, Optimization and Characterization to Assess the Suitability of the Product for Varied Environmental Conditions
S.Manikandan, D.Ayyappan, P.Dinesh Kumar, P.Viswabharathy
Abstract - In this study, non-edible oils (kapok seed) were used to optimize the biodiesel production process variables like catalyst concentration, amount of methanol required for reaction, reaction time and reaction temperature. The fuel properties like specific gravity, moisture content, refractive index, acid value, iodine number, saponification value and peroxide value were estimated. Based on the cetane number and iodine value, The combination of these variables (temperature, catalyst concentration, reaction time, and molar ratio of alcohol to oil) was used in factorial experimental design for biodiesel production optimization by transesterification of Kapok seed oil with methanol.
2 Modelling and Simulation of High Gain Hybrid Boost Converter
M.Elangovan, R.Yuvaraj, S.Sathishkumar, R.Nagarajan
Abstract - The Power electronic converters are needed to interface renewable energy sources with the load along with energy storage in stand-alone commercial applications. Recently, the converters have attracted attention for such applications since the port connected to the energy storage to allow bidirectional power flow. The former systematic method of two coupled inductor which used to step up the voltage from input load. In this a complex procedure is needed to step up the voltage, the more number of switches are required to step up the voltage with alone with the coupled inductors. Due to the increasing number of switches influences a higher level of switch loss. The system efficiency was improved by using two sets of active-clamp circuits. Also the former converter is open loop circuit. A High step up three port DC-DC H-bridge converter for standalone PV/battery systems is the proposed system in which the step up can be done with single step up transformer alone and also improved efficiency. In addition to that less number of power switches needed for the system compared to the existing system. The proposed system is the closed loop circuit is the added benefit to the proposed system.
3 A Study on Recent Image Features for Effective Classification and Retrieval
A. Geetha, D.Latha, Y.Jacob Vetha Raj
Abstract - Image retrieval (IR) is a technique to retrieve images from an image database that are semantically relevant to the query image. IR uses the visual contents of the image to retrieve the desired image. Most of the proposed approaches emphasize on finding a meaningful descriptor based on different image features Today's challenge in IR is to develop a method that should be able to increase the retrieval accuracy and reduce the retrieval time. In order to improve the retrieval accuracy suitable feature should be extracted. In this paper, the recently developed image features extraction methods such as Local Binary Pattern(LBP), Local Ternary Pattern (LTP) and Local Derivative Pattern (LDP) are analyzed. Experimental results and observations made are presented.
4 Home Security Using Image Processing and IOT
Surendrasing Solanke, Nilambari Sonawane, Vaishali Ugale, Dr. Suchitra A. Khoje
Abstract - The concept door locking and unlocking system utilizes Internet of things to open and close the door. In addition to this the security will be provided using camera and IR sensor in case of any unauthorized access. The system automatically locks the door as soon as it receives predefined message from the user. The user should first enlist. His information will be stored in database. Whenever the message will be received from the registered user, the Raspberry pi will accordingly give instruction to door lock system. Then system will perform action on either door locking or unlocking. In case of unauthorized access, the sensor will detect the action and send the alert message to the registered user using Internet of things. This builds extraordinary security for homes and that too without human intervention. Also, the project is aimed at developing the security of home against gas leakage & liquid petroleum gas (LPG) leakage. In any of the over three cases any one met when user is out of home then the device sends message to the registered user.
5 Version-Driven Improvement Patterns for Mobile Offerings in Cloud of Things
K. Sakunthala, G. Santosh Kumar
Abstract - With rapidly growing wi-fi sensor networks (wsns) and Internet of things (Iots) based offerings; lots of facts is being generated. It's far turning into very difficult to manage power constrained small sensors and other records producing gadgets. With Iots, whatever can become a part of the internet and generate facts. Moreover, information generated wishes to be managed in step with its requirements, as a way to create extra valuable services. For this purpose, integration of Iots with cloud computing is becoming very essential. This new paradigm is named as cloud of factors (cots). Version pushed architecture (mda) is used to broaden software as a carrier (saas) in order to facilitate mobile packages improvement by way of relieving developers from technical information. However, traditional provider composition or mashup are particularly unavailable due to complex relations and heterogeneous deployed environments. For the motive of constructing cloud-enabled mobile programs in a configurable and adaptive manner, version-pushed improvement styles based on semantic reasoning mechanism are provided towards cot utility development. Firstly, a meta-model covering both multi-view business elements and service components are provided for models transformation. Then, based on formal representation of models, three patterns from different tiers of Model-View-Controller (MVC) framework are used to transform business models into service component system so as to configure cloud services rapidly. Lastly, a related software platform is also provided for verification. The result shows that the platform is applicable for rapid system development by means of various service integration patterns.
6 Review of Analysis of Motorcycle Helmets
Desale Dhiresh, Ansari Muzaffar,Shaikh Nasiruddin ,Nazim Rafeeuddin,Vaghela Hardipsinh
Abstract - Each year nearly nine hundred persons die in head Injuries and over fifty thousand persons are severely injured due to non wearing of helmets. In this Paper a review of different work to conceptually design a motorcycle helmet for improved thermal comfort, visibility, safety with adjustable interior form considering rider's ergonomics with new material named Fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP) etc has been studied. For analysis The simulation software 'ANSYS and HYPERMESH' are used to analyze the helmet. The maximum force of 30 kN is applied on the helmet to study the model in static and dynamic conditions. The simulation has been carried out for the static condition for the parameters like total deformation, strain energy, von-Mises stress for different cases.
7 An Investigation and Welding Characterization of Dissimilar Joints of Alloy Steel with SS410 through GMAW
P.Kalaignar, Dr.S.KrishnaMohan, R.Rengarajan
Abstract - The dissimilar metal joints of have been emerged as a structural material for various industrial applications which provides good combination of mechanical properties like strength, corrosion resistance with lower cost. Selections of joining process for such a material are difficult because of their physical and chemical properties. The stainless steel and mild steel dissimilar material joints are very common structural applications joining of stainless steel and mild steel is very critical because of carbon precipitation and loss of chromium leads to increase in porosity affects the quality of joint leads deteriorate strength.. In the present investigation, stainless steel of grades 410 and EN 24 were welded GMAW processes. Quality of the weld bead is always governed by its geometry and configuration which, in turn are controlled by various welding process input parameters such as welding speeds, current, and voltage as well as the type of the welding process. The planned experiments were conducted in the semi auto MIG welding machine.. Image J software were used to find out the depth of penetration depending upon the temperature variation. Experimentally found the input parameter value Ampere rating 140 ,Volatge -18 and Gas pressure 4 Kg/cm2was the best value and it did not create any major changes and failures in the testing process and it was comparatively higher tensile value than other values. Finally optimized through Taguchi design optimum parameter value for 6 mm dissimilar stainless steel was Ampere rating 180 ,Volatge -18 and Gas pressure5 Kg/cm2.
8 Influence of Stress in Spur Gear at Root Fillet with Optimized Stress Relieving Feature of Different Shapes
Haider Ali, Gomish Sharma
Abstract - Failure of gear causes breakdown of system which runs with help of gear. When gear is subjected to load, high stresses developed at the root of the teeth. Due to these high stresses, possibility of fatigue failure at the root of teeth of spur gear increases. There is higher chance of fatigue failure at these locations. So to avoid fatigue failure of the gear, the stresses should be minimized at maximum stress concentrated area. This work presents the possibilities of using the stress redistribution techniques by introducing the stress relieving features in the stressed zone to the advantage of reduction of root fillet stress in spur gear. This also ensures interchangeability of existing gear systems. In this work, combination of circular and elliptical stress relieving features are used and better results are obtained than using circular stress relieving features alone which are used by earlier researchers. A finite element model with a segment of three teeth is considered for analysis and stress relieving features of various sizes are introduced on gear teeth at various locations. Analysis revealed that, combination of elliptical and circular stress relieving features at specific, locations are beneficial than single circular, single elliptical, two circular or two elliptical stress reliving features.
9 A Technique for Prediction of Network Congestion Using Neural Network
Yaminee Sahu, Sumit Kumar Sar
Abstract - In this paper a new congestion detection technique based on neural network is proposed, which considers the practical status of data loss or packet loss within nodes during data communication. For this purpose, mistreatment learning techniques are employed to predict network congestion issues before they begin impacting the performance of service. The described technique specializes in employing a straight forward feed forward neural network to predict severe congestion in an exceedingly expanding network. We also style and apply a simple management technique for limiting the speed of the sinning source in order that congestion can be avoided. The above technique set the degree for a new gesture of network administrator which can be capable of stopping networking issues in preference to repairing them. Simulation results show the average classification rate for the congestion detection appears to be 99% of the total cases.
10 An Integrated High Gain Boost Resonant Converter for PV System
M. Sridhar, S.Sathishkumar, R.Nagarajan, R.Yuvaraj
Abstract - The Effective photovoltaic power conditioning requires well-organized power conversion and accurate maximum power point tracking to neutralize the effects of panel mismatch, shading, and variation in power output during a daily cycle. This paper presents a unique method for widening the input range of pulse width modulation of integrated resonant converters and it maintains high conversion efficiency. The technique primarily unites constant-on, constant off, and fixed-frequency control depending on the required duty cycle. With hybrid-frequency control, the circuit also retains zero current switching for the output diodes, minimizes the switching loss, and eliminates circulating energy at the transformer across the entire operating range. The Z-source inverter (ZSI) is widely used in low-voltage input applications such as photovoltaic, fuel cells, motor drivers due to its outstanding compared with the traditional voltage source inverter (VSI). Worst of all, the boost ability is too small. Several control strategies are provided to overcome these disadvantages of the classic ZSI, but they still have limits to avoid the discontinuous input current, as well as reduce the voltage stress. More importantly, the stronger boost ability is achieved, the larger shoot-through duty ratio should be used, which will result in a poor output voltage profile and low voltage-conversion ratio. Thus, the control strategies are not efficient to improve the boost ability.
11 Experimental Investigation on Concrete Using Polyvinyl Chloride Pipes
KP.Ravikumar, A.Ranjini Selvameenal, A.Ayappan, R. Kumar
Abstract - This Project evolves on experimentally investigating the concrete using polyvinyl chloride. Polyvinyl chloride, commonly known as "PVC" or "vinyl," is one of the most common synthetic materials. PVC is a versatile resin and appears in thousands of different formulations and configurations. With the growing needs for resource materials and the environmental protection requirements associated with sustainable development, it has become necessary to study all the possibilities of reusing and recycling industrial wastes and by-products. In the research presented by us, non-biodegradable polyvinyl chloride (PVC) waste, obtained from scrapped PVC pipes, is used in partial replacement of conventional aggregates in concrete. The project proceeds with testing and comparing analyzing the strength of the concrete with normal concrete. We will enhance our project through several tests and methods. The partial replacement to coarse aggregate at levels 15, 20, 25 percent and the basic material properties, strength parameters are studied. The strength will be tested during the period of 7, 14 and 28 days respectively.
12 Congestion Control Approach by Dynamically Adjusting the Load of Beacon Messages in VANET
Trishita Ghosh, Rajat Singh, Namrata Sharma, Avijit Nath
Abstract - The prime goal of Vehicular Ad hoc Network (VANET) is to provide life safety on the road. To achieve this, vehicles make use of two types of safety messages one is Periodic safety messages (beacons) to exchange status information e.g. position, speed etc. and second one is Event-driven messages to broadcast in case of an emergency situations e.g. accidents, hard-braking etc. The main objective of congestion control in VANET is to best exploit the available network resources while preventing sustained overloads of network nodes and links. Appropriate congestion control mechanisms are essential to provide efficient operation of a network. Ensuring congestion control within vehicular ad hoc networks faces special challenges, due to the specificities of such environment (high mobility of nodes, high rate of topology changes, high variability in nodes density and neighborhood configuration, broadcast communication nature, etc.). In this context, we present a congestion control approach, to ensure efficient bandwidth usage of control and service channel within VANET. It supports dynamically adjusting the load of beacon messages.
13 Study of Effect of Different Parameters on the Chassis Space Frame Of Go Kart (Race Car) Vehicle by Using Fea
Sajjad Hasan, Gomish Sharma
Abstract - The concept of Finite Element Analysis of a go-kart chassis space frame has been highlighted in this project. The topic has constrained the study of the chassis space frame. The project was aim to design a go-kart (race car) chassis by the use of catia V5 R20, and perform the static analysis of a go kart chassis consisting of Circular beams by the use of Ansys R15. This project is aimed to develop design of a chassis, and test the different materials at different load, for finding a best material for chassis space frame. Various loading tests like Front Impact, Side Impact, test etc. have been conducted on the chassis, Design of the Go-kart focuses on developing a simple and easily operated vehicle. Aspects of ergonomics, safety, ease of manufacture, and reliability. The chosen project is based on the design and analysis of the chassis of a low ground clearance Go-kart.
14 Experimental Analysis and Optimization of Parameters in Electric Discharge Machining of Titanium Alloy using Graphite Electrode
T.Masilamani, Dr.S.KrishnaMohan, R.Rengarajan
Abstract - With the increasing demands of high surface finish and machining of complex shape geometries, conventional machining process are now being replaced by non-traditional machining processes. The high temperature gradients generated at the gap during electrical discharge machining (EDM) result in large localized thermal stresses in a small heat-affected zone. These thermal stresses can lead to micro-cracks, decrease in strength and fatigue life and possibly catastrophic failure. In this investigation were conducted based on different parameters and various methods used by other to estimate the Surface finish ,Machining timing and material removal rate on work material of Titanium grade 3. The experiments were carried out as per L9 orthogonal array. Each experiment was performed under different conditions such as Ampere rating, pulse on time and pulse off time. The optimal factor for Surface Roughness obtained when Pulse on time is 8ms, Pulse Off time 8 ms and Amps-14. Minimum machining timing obtained when Pulse on time is 7ms, Pulse Off time 10 ms and Amps-12 and Material Removal rate were obtained when Pulse on time is 8ms, Pulse Off time 10 ms and Amps-10. Surface Roughness property mostly influenced with -pulse off time 71%, Machining Timing mostly influenced with 52% pulse on time and Material Removal Rate mostly influenced with 53%. Pulse on time.
15 Advanced Real-Time Cargo Vehicle Tracking and Control System Using Wireless Technology
A.Gowsalya devi, G.Athisha
Abstract - A vehicle tracking and control system is the complete solution for vehicle management and monitoring. The tracking and control device can be installed in the vehicle and with the help of monitoring software we can track the information about the cargo vehicle and can be controlled during the abnormal condition. A smart monitoring and control system for cargo vehicle in real time has been reported in this paper. The system principally monitors various parameters of cargo vehicle such as speed, container weight, location, fuel level etc which are crucial data for controlling the cargo vehicle. The novelty of this system is the implementation of the tracking and controlling of cargo vehicle is done by measuring essential parameters. The developed system is a low-cost and flexible in operation and thus ensures the robust tracking and control system for cargo vehicle. Additionally the system will be integrated with monitoring station to determine the safe journey of the cargo vehicle. In this proposed system, various sensor devices sense different parameters for tracking the cargo vehicle. These values are transferred to PIC microcontroller and later it is transferred to GSM/GPRS for sending it to central monitoring station and can be controlled by the monitoring station.
16 Fundamentals of Cluster Based Routing
Anupriya Verma, Vivek Shukla
Abstract - Remote Sensor Networks have pulled in the consideration of numerous specialists. Remote Sensor Networks are utilized for different applications, for example, living space observing, robotization, agribusiness, and security. Since various sensors are generally conveyed on remote and unavailable spots, the organization and upkeep ought to be simple and adaptable. Remote sensor organize comprises of huge number of little hubs. The hubs then sense natural changes and report them to different hubs over adaptable system engineering. Sensor hubs are incredible for sending in antagonistic situations or over vast topographical territories. The estimation of temperature and light by the utilization of Crossbow sensor pack in which there are diverse hubs/bits set at various areas. These hubs are having distinctive hub ID and they will detect the temperature and light of their encompassing area and send it to the base station hub which is associated through USB port to the PC by utilization of MoteView and MoteConfig environment. The information procurement board that we have utilized is MDA100CB (Mote Data Acquisition). The programming of the sensor hubs is finished by MoteConfig and live information is seen through MoteView environment. The hubs that we have utilized are MicaZ, the MDA100CB board is settled over these hubs by method for 51 input/yield pins. A vitality effective progressive group based steering convention for constant stream inquiries in WSN. We present an arrangement of group heads, head-set, for bunch based directing. The head-set individuals are in charge control and administration of the system. On pivot premise, a head-set part gets information from the neighboring hubs and transmits the amassed results to the inaccessible base station. For a given number of information gathering sensor hubs, the quantity of control and administration hubs can be efficiently acclimated to lessen the vitality utilization, which expands the system life. Hubs in a sensor system are seriously obliged by vitality, stockpiling limit and figuring power. To drag out the lifetime of the sensor hubs, outlining productive directing conventions is basic.
17 ICT Tool: - 'C' Language Program for Power Method
P R Kolhe, M H Tharkar, Pradip Kolhe, S Gawande
Abstract - In Mathematics, Power method is used to find the dominant Eigen value and the corresponding eigen vector. Eigen value problems generally arise in dynamics problems and structural stability analysis. Power method is generally used to calculate these eigen value and corresponding eigen vector of the given matrix. In the era of Information Communication Technology (ICT) .The ICT programming technique, it is easier task. One of the very popular programs in C programming is Power Method. This paper discuss Power Method in C language, source code and methods with outputs. The source codes of program for Lagrange's Interpolation in C programming are to be compiled. Running them on Turbo C or available version and other platforms might require a few modifications to the code.
18 ICT Tool: - 'C' Language Program for Dijkstra's Algorithm
P Kolhe , P P Kolhe ,M H Tharkar,R M Dharaskar
Abstract - In mathematics, Dijkstra's Shortest Path Algorithm is a popular algorithm for finding the shortest path between different nodes in a graph. Dijkstra's algorithm finds the solution for the single source shortest path problems only when all the edge-weights are non-negative on a weighted, directed graph. In other words, the graph is weighted and directed with the first two integers being the number of vertices and edges that must be followed by pairs of vertices having an edge between them. In the era of Information Communication Technology (ICT) .The ICT programming technique, it is easier task. One of the very popular programs in C programming is Dijkstra's algorithm. This paper discuss Dijkstra's algorithm in C language, source code and methods with outputs. The source codes of program for Dijkstra's algorithm in C programming are to be compiled. Running them on Turbo C or available version and other platforms might require a few modifications to the code.
19 The Negative Pell Equation and Fibonacci Sequences
P. Pillay
Abstract - Let N be a positive integer. We give a necessary and sufficient condition for the negative Pell equation x2 - Ny2 = -1 to be solvable, and show in this case, that all the solutions are expressible in terms of the fundamental solution of the Pell equation. The solutions of the Pell equation, as well as those of the negative Pell equation, if they exist, are shown to be expressible as generalized Fibonacci sequences. The solubility of the equation for different values of N is investigated.
20 Role of Numerical Analysis in the Field of Manufacturing Technology
Dr.R.Uday Kumar
Abstract - Numerical analysis is the process of developing a model (physical of mathematical) of a real system and conducting experiments with this model for the purpose either of understanding the behavior of the system or of evaluating the probable performance of the system within the limits by a criterion of set of criteria for the operation of the system. A model intended for simulation study is a mathematical model developed with the help of simulation software. Precisely, in the broader sense, simulation is a tool to evaluate the performance of a system, existing or proposed, under different configurations of interest and over long periods of real time. Simulation is used before an existing system is altered, or a new system built, to reduce the chances of failure to meet specifications, to eliminate unforeseen bottlenecks, to prevent under or over utilization of resources, and to optimize system performance. Simulation may be defined as the process of developing a model is physical or mathematical of a real system and conducting experiments with this model for the purpose either of understanding the behavior of the system or of evaluating the probable performance of the system within the limits imposed by a criterion of set of criteria for the operation of the system. In many cases the models are used as a basis for simulation. Simulation is a very important field of computing whereby softwares may be designed to help simulate by making models, set up conditions and observe the results. Simulation is method is also used to study the dynamics of systems. The term systems is used to mean a group of limits which operates in some interrelated manner. The approach is applicable not only in engineering field but also in other fields such as medical science, nuclear science, agriculture, Finance and astronomy.
21 The Effect of Radiation and Natural Convection in a Saturated Porous Medium Embedded In a Vertical Annular Cylinder
Satyendra Pratap Singh
Abstract - The present study focuses on the combined effect of radiation and convection on saturated porous medium embedded in a vertical it annular cylinder. Finite element method has been used to solve the governing equations. Influence of aspect ratio (A) and radius ratio (R) on Nusselt number is presented. The effect of radiation on heat transfer behaviour is discussed. Results for two limiting cases of vertical cylinder and vertical plate embedded in saturated porous medium are presented.
22 Wireless Sensors for Home Monitoring System Using IoT
R.Saranya, Dr.J.Preethi
Abstract - The versatile and low value IOT based mostly E-Surveillance and security system for home. Arduino Mega 2560 microcontroller with internet server that has IP property allowing the access of dominant devices and appliances remotely. Online applications are used for controlling the devices. Devices like lightweight switches, temperature sensing element and security system are integrated with the planned surveillance and security system. It offers a communication protocol for managing the house.
23 Design of Flexible Pavement for NH - 7 of Nagpur-Hyderabad stretch (from km. 123+000 to km. 175+000)
Ch. Balakrishna, M. Anvesh Kumar
Abstract - NH-7 is an important road link connecting Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh with Kanyakumari at the southern tip of India. Originating at Uttar Pradesh, it traverses through states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka before terminating at Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu. It traverses through major towns of Rewa, Nagpur, Adilabad, Hyderabad (state capital of Andhra Pradesh), and Bangalore (state capital of Karnataka). The 22 km long project road from km 153 to km 175 forms a part of the North-South corridor and is at the southern tip in the state of Maharashtra.The existing Road to a length of about 22 km has 2-lane bituminous carriageway, generally with 1.5- 2.5 wide earthen shoulders. There are 10 nos. of Minor bridges, 29 nos. of culverts and a 2-lane ROB. Under the project, the road will be widened to 4-lane divided carriageway with widening of all the structures. Provision of underpasses, service roads at built up locations, bus bays, road furniture and safety measures, are proposed for smooth flow of traffic throughout the length of the project road.
24 A Method of Reliability Estimation of Individual Section Machine (IS) of Glass Manufacturing Facility; a Systematic Approach with Exponential Model, Availability and Mean Time between Failures
Choice A. Nwika, Goddard Umoh, Franklin B. Amaewhule
Abstract - This project is on the evaluation of reliability of individual section machine of glass manufacturing facilities. The evaluation was carried out for five years using exponential model, availability and mean time between failures (MTBF) as the reliability tool for the analysis. The data used in the analysis were obtained from the corrective maintenance record book in the production department of West African Glass industry Oginigba Trans Amadi Port Harcourt. The failure rate, failures per year of the machine were obtained from the parameters. The individual section machine showed poor reliability of 15.757x10-26, suggesting that the frequency of failures of the machines was high and good availability of 0.8428, suggesting that the user of the machine has effectively utilized the length of time. The graphs of failure rate against time were plotted, to determine the goodness of fit of the data. Regression analysis was carried out to ascertain the relationship between the response variable y and the regressor variable x using SPSS. The results from the regression analysis showed an acceptable level of significance of chance failures of 0.035 and 0.019 respectively and good correlation of R2 = 0.818 and 0.878 respectively, between the two variables for the sets of machines.
25 Experimental Investigation on Compressive and Tensile Strength of Concrete with Partial Replacement of Natural Sand by Metal Foundry Waste Sand
Devadass.T, Joel.S, Sathes kan.R
Abstract - Metal manufacturing plant ventures square measure utilizing large quantity of sand as a molding material within the casting procedure thanks to its heat conduction. Metal foundries unquestionably re-use the utilized sand for a few periods within the metal casting. At the purpose once the sand will nevermore be re-used within the metal foundry, it is expelled from the metal foundry and is known as metal foundry waste sand. High gauge of silicon dioxide is accessible within the metal Foundry waste sand and it is an identical physical and substance qualities within it. Metal Foundry waste sand is utilized as a halfway substitute of cement or a fine aggregate of concrete. Within the contemporary work, a check and close to investigation of the properties of fresh and hardened concrete The replacement were 0%(M1), 10%(M2), 20%(M3), 30%(M4) & 40%(M5) by the weight of fine aggregate & tests were done in all stages of sand substitutes for M25 grade concrete. The testes were done for the specimens by using different curing conditions (7, 14 & 28 days).
26 Preserving Location Based Range Query over Outsourced Data with EPLQ Using LOCX
M. Karthika, Dr. K. Geetha, Dr. D.Yuvaraj
Abstract - Location-based services (LBS) require users to continuously report their location to a potentially untrusted server to obtain services based on their location, which can expose them to privacy risks. However, the use of LBS also poses a potential threat to user's location privacy. In this paper, LocX, a novel alternative is introduced which provides significantly-improved location privacy without adding uncertainty into query results or relying on strong assumptions about server security. Our key insight is to apply secure user-specific, distance-preserving coordinate transformations to all location data shared with the server. This allows all location queries to be evaluated correctly by the server, but our privacy mechanisms guarantee that servers are unable to see or infer the actual location data from the transformed data or from the data access.
27 An Investigation and Prediction of Flatness and Surface Roughness during Face Milling Operation on HCHCR Material
R.Arunmozhivarman, P.RenukaDevi, V. Kalaiyarasan, M. AbdulGhaniKhan
Abstract - Materials are manufactured from casting, forging and extrusion processes have higher typical dimension tolerances due to its producing ability. So machining processes were introduced for close tolerance assembly and improve the product working efficiencies. Milling operation is playing vital role on making the components with high accuracy and higher productivity. Subsequently, face milling operation is utilized for planning the surface of work material with improved surface texture. It is one of the important milling processes to achieve high flatness and low roughness. The work enlights the parameters influence on Material Removal Rate (MRR) and Surface Roughness (SR) in HCHCR as a work piece material. The present work was focused on the influence of cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut on the HCHCR during face milling. Taguchi design method were employed to investigate the machining characteristics of HCHCR. In this experimental study optimal control factor lies in same parameter during investigation of HCHCR steel under wet conditions. The optimal factor for Surface Roughness, Machining time, MRR and Flatness error were Speed - 1000 R.P.M, Feed - 1400mm/min and DOC - 0.75 mm. . The optimal factor for Surface Roughness, Machining time, MRR and Flatness error were Speed - 1000 R.P.M, Feed - 1400mm/min and DOC - 0.75 mm. The Percentage of contribution roughness and Machining time &MRR were maximum influenced with speed and flatness error only influenced with feed.
28 Experimental Investigation and Geometrical Effect on H11 in CNC Drilling With Coated and Uncoated Drill Bits
M.Karthick Raja, R.Mahesh Kumar, V. Kalaiyarasan, M. AbdulGhaniKhan
Abstract - H-11 steel is widely used for structural part and air craft landing gear. This part is mostly manufactured by turning operation. However, turning parameters could be affected by roundness and hardness of work pieces. Because it is important to be able to predict the geometrical tolerance to get more qualified materials. The aim of this project was to predict the exact roundness of internal bore in H11 material after the machining process. The purpose of this project is to study the factors, which are affecting the roundness and hardness and surface roughness of forged steel during the CNC machining process. Through this investigation it was identified that uncoated drill bits create higher surface roughness than coated drill bits. Hardness properties values in both drill bits were more are less same. While machining, the hardness changes both the drill bits give the equal changes. Through the CMM inspection the coated drill bits were less roundness error compared than without coated drill bits. Finally optimal control factor were found for CrAlN drill bit was for surface Roughness-A3(Speed -900)B1(Feed -0.03)C2(Peck Increment 1.0) and minimum hardness achieved -A1(Speed-600)B3(Feed 0.09)C2(Peck Increment 1.0) and then minimum roundness error were obtained- A3(Speed-900)B2(Feed 0.09)C1(Peck Increment 0.5).
29 An Investigation and Prediction of Flatness and Surface Roughness during Plasma Cutting Operation on SS410 Material
P. Mariya Felix, K. Ramesh, S. Roseline
Abstract - The research and development in the precise and accurate machining technology of hard metals (Ferrous, non-ferrous and glass etc) is gaining much importance in the industry since last many years. Due to the tremendous competition and cost factor, the non-conventional machining technology is becoming the first choice of the engineers and technicians. In this era of advanced technological processes the CNC plasma arc machining is gaining tremendous ground in the industry. It is much more capable of producing best finished, high accurate machining of very complicated non-symmetrical profile in no time. The main objective and targets of this practical experiment is based to achieve the best possible setting and parameters of operation on a CNC plasma arc machine to achieving speedy work i.e. Rapid cutting. Finally I found CNC plasma arc machining the pierce delay was most significant effect whereas the other parameters viz. Arc voltage and cutting speed are less effective as well as the steam as the plasma gas will generate more energy than other gases for the same current value and the plasma jet generated is much narrowed when primary gas, Oxygen and secondary gas, air is used as plasma gases. The major reason of geometrical Error rate the Arc voltage &cutting speed play a very important role. Higher the value of cutting speed rate create more geometrical error.
30 Digital Pen for Gesture Recognition of Handwritten Digit Using PNN Classifier
Prashant P. Bhore, Dr. G. U. Kharat, Shekhar H. Bodake
Abstract - Today human computer interaction (HCI) techniques become a research topic in the field of computer technology. This paper present MEMS accelerometer based digital pen for handwritten digit and human gesture. This paper gives design idea about the digital pen. This digital pen consist of MEMS accelerometer, AVR Microcontroller (Atmega 16) & RF module. The accelerometer sense the accelerated signal along the three axis generated due to human hand motion. AVR microcontroller is used for processing & manipulating the accelerated signal & RF wireless transceiver module is used to transmit the accelerated signal towards receiver section wirelessly. The MATLAB tools with complete programming are used for the generation of feature vector. For that purpose we use zero crossing detector (ZCD) & range to recognize handwritten digit which is written by human virtually in the air. In this paper we used trajectory recognition algorithm with PNN classifier for best recognition of handwritten digit written in air.

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