Welcome to International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Engineering Research (IJETER)

Volume 5, Issue 7, July (2017)

S.No Title & Authors Full Text
1 Experimental Analysis and Optimization of Electrical Discharge Machining on Titanium GR-2 with FEA
P. Raja, G. Ramamoorthi, Dr. G. Nallakumarasamy
Abstract - High residual thermal stresses are developed on the surfaces of Electric Discharge Machined parts because of the high temperature gradients generated at the gap during Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) in a small heat-affected zone. These thermal stresses can lead to micro-cracks, decrease in fatigue life and strength and possibly catastrophic failure. The results of the analysis show high temperature gradient zones and the regions of large stresses where, sometimes, they exceed the material yield strength. A transient thermal analysis assuming a Gaussian distribution heat source with temperature dependent material properties can be used to investigate the temperature distribution. In this project, a series of experiments has to be conducted with copper electrode as a tool and Titanium alloy as work piece to machine small depth on the work piece.The combination of gap voltage, Ampere setting were new line considered for maximum Material Removal Rate (MRR), Surface Roughness (SR), and minimum machining timing. . The main aim was to identify the electrode which could enhance the production of quality of impression and to have a significant contribution for modern industrial requirements. The experiments were carried out as per L9 orthogonal array with each experiment performed under different conditions of such as Ampere rating, sparking voltage while machining. Thermal gradient and Thermal flux also evaluated ANSYS 11.
2 Efficient Planning and Management in Disaster-Prone Areas
Ashutosh Jaiswal, Geocey Shejy
Abstract - Natural disasters, including earthquakes, Tsunamis, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions, have caused tremendous harm and continue to threaten millions of humans and various infrastructure capabilities each year. It has highlighted our vulnerability to these natural disasters. This vulnerability is worsened by many organizations' increasing dependence on computers, telecommunications, and other technologies. In response, many organizations are implementing disaster recovery planning processes. In this paper we have analyze how to identify threats; how to eloquent the disaster recovery plan; and elements of the disaster recovery plan: Mitigation, preparedness, recovery and response. What kind of mobile application can be developed which will help peoples in emergency situation.
3 Tool for Automated Evaluation of Descriptive Answers & Course Outcomes (TADACO)
Dharma Reddy Tetali, Sowmya Tamma, Lakshmi Ramana
Abstract - Manual evaluation of descriptive answers is an error-prone, tedious and time taking activity. TadaCo is a tool developed for automated evaluation of descriptive answers and assessment of corresponding course outcomes. TadaCo uses a smart and systematic technique to evaluate the answers. This tool is developed using PyQt, Python and its modules: pyuic, xlsxwriter, Platypus and Reportlab. This paper elaborates TadaCo tool, its functionalities and implementation details along with an example evaluation of a subject entitled 'Software Testing Methodologies'. TadaCo works either in a Semi-automated mode or in Complete automated mode. Semi-automated mode has the flexibility to allow the faculty to reevaluate an answer and update the results. It is established that the Semi-automated mode yields comparatively better results than the Complete automated mode.
4 Experimental and CFD Analysis of Concentric Dimple Tube Heat Exchanger
S. Vignesh, V. Shantha Moorthy, Dr. G. Nallakumarasamy
Abstract - An experimental and cfd analysis of concentric tube heat exchanger by using plain and spherical dimpled tube under different mass flow rate by using water as a working fluid is presented in this work. Heat transfer techniques refer to different method used to increase rate of heat transfer without affecting much the overall performance of the system. In the past decade, several studies on the passive techniques of heat transfer have reported. Present study to modify the inner tube of concentric tube heat exchanger with dimpled tube. The effects of the dimple tube on the heat transfer rate, heat transfer coefficient and effectiveness are compared with the plain tube for different flow rate. The experimental and CFD results reveal that the use of water in a spherical dimpled tube increases the heat transfer rate, overall heat transfer coefficient and also effectiveness as compared to plain tube.
5 Extraction of Waste Plastic Oil as a Replacement for Diesel
G. Sarath, S. S. Jayaraman, Dr. G. Nallakumarasamy
Abstract - To satisfy the increasing population dependence on transportation, plastic oil is extracted and added along with petroleum products. Plastics which are considered as hazardous to environment pose severe threat to the living beings. In order to reduce the waste plastics and prevent the environmental damage plastic recycling is being done. Blending up of plastic oil with diesel makes the transportation process as more feasible one. Waste polyvinyl chloride (PVC) has been collected and made to undergo thermal pyrolysis which is being maintained at temperature of 450oc in the absence of oxygen. The oil collected by this process was found to be less when compared with the oil which is being collected using the catalyst BaCO3 .The percentage amount of oil extracted by using the catalyst was found to be 20% higher than that of the oil extracted without using catalyst. In the catalytic pyrolysis the increase in the quantity of catalyst increases the amount of the liquid products obtained and reduces the time required. The obtained oil by this process was made to undergo for property test and the results were compared with property test of diesel.
6 Study on Human Resource Information System (HRIS)
Ketan Dhande, Dashrath Mane
Abstract - A Human Resource Information System (HRIS) is a software for small to mid-sized businesses to accommodate automate and arrange their HR, payroll, management and accounting activities. In this paper we discuss HRIS Track, and various modules of HRIS. Also we had briefly gone through with the Advantages, Disadvantages and Limitations of HRIS. This paper helps organizations understand where they are in that journey and what they can do to accomplished the holistic view of talent that today's business environment need.
7 Dynamic Clustering SOAP Messages Based on Compression and Aggregation Model to Improve Web Services Performance
Nikhil R, Sankarram C
Abstract - In Software projects, Web services can be viewed as Internet-based communications that share resources, software and information which is supposed to be available on demand for a wide range of clients over the Internet. It can also be described as the communication middleware between the servers and their clients over the Internet by establishing a connection by Hyper Text Transfer Protocol or other well-known protocols. Along with the standardization of Web services composition language and the widespread acceptance of composition technologies, Web services composition is becoming an efficient and cost-effective way to develop modern business applications. As Web services are inherently unreliable, how to deliver reliable Web services composition over unreliable Web services is a significant and challenging problem. Websites cater to millions of customers. The Web Service Oriented Architecture (SOA), an ontology rooted in the Web Services Description Language (WSDL), and modeled as a hierarchical task network for the dynamic formation of business processes when clients call these services. The extension and augmentation of traditional web services describes the business processes as a dynamic clustering of these decomposable business tasks encompassing all possible decomposition permutations. They offer services to clients dynamically. Some common services are accessed by the clients from the web services using SOAP(Simple Object Access Protocol). But when the number of requests increases the web services load increases and creates bottlenecks. The SOAP messages cause imbalance and results in poor delivery. To overcome this the model proposes aggregation of similar services and compression. The requested similar web services are first aggregated, then compressed and processed. This model reduces bottlenecks and aggregates the web services.
8 Smart and Secure Future Health Prediction Using Hadoop
Dr.Shubhangi D.C, Aafiya Noorian
Abstract - In today's modern world Internet of things has become prominent due to advances in information and communication systems that has eventually led to the growth of this new technology. IoT is a technology of inter-networking computing devices that can transfer the data over the network. In the field of healthcare, IoT has number of applications such as remote monitoring of patients through sensors, smart sensors. It helps physicians to deliver care to patients in areas such as healthcare management system, real time monitoring and patient information monitoring. Body Sensor Networks (BSN) is a wireless technology of wearable devices that are computing devices that helps to monitor patient using lightweight, low-powered sensor nodes. This new technology faces security issues as the patients sensitive data will be transferred through different channels making it vulnerable. On the daily basis healthcare management system generates large volume of data probably BIG DATA that may contain structured, semi-structured or unstructured data that can be further analysed. In this paper, we design a probabilistic data collection mechanism and on the collected data we perform a correspondence analysis. Finally we design a statistical prediction model to anticipate the future health condition of the most patients in accordance with their current health status.
9 Data Sharing in the Cloud and Ensuring Accountability
Mailud Mohamed Mailud, Dr. W. Jeberson, Salah Boubkar Salah
Abstract - In cloud computing environment resources are shared among various clients and it's important for system provider to allocate the necessary resources for the clients. As the sizes of IT infrastructure continue to grow, cloud computing is a new way of virtualization technologies that enable management of virtual machines over a plethora of physically connected systems. Cloud computing enables highly scalable services to be easily consumed over the Internet on an as-needed basis a major feature of the cloud services is that users' data are usually processed remotely in unknown machines that users do not own or operate. While enjoying the convenience brought by this new emerging technology, users' fears of losing control of their own data (particularly, financial and health data) can become a significant barrier to the wide adoption of cloud services. Here the multi-layered architecture is proposed to address accountability of the data while sharing in the multi user, heterogeneous and distributed computing environment. The multi-layered architecture is evaluated and shows that the accountability of the data is ensured which increases the trust between the end user and the service provider.
10 Energy Efficient Cupola Furnace via Hybridization with a Biomass Gasifier
M.H. Garba, R.K. Jain, Amit Tiwari
Abstract - The energy efficiency of any foundry largely resides on efficiency of the melting process. High price and limited supply of coke will continue to press the need for devising a way to cut down its demand or developing more energy-efficient solutions for the melting process. This work tries to address the issue by proposing and analyzing a way of reducing coke consumption in a foundry cupola studied, by hybridizing it with biomass wood gasifier. Wood fuel is very cheap and readily available. It can be used to heat the blast air going through a cupola furnace by burning in a gasifier. 800 0C of gas at 16 g/s will be available to heat up the blast air entering the studied cupola of Asia Sewing Machine's foundry to at least 475 0C if hybridized with the 20 KWe downdraft biomass gasifier model studied by Sharma. This is enough to cut down the coke consumption by 133 Kg from 430 Kg used to melt 3450 Kg of metal charge at present. Analysis has shown the coke energy efficiency to improve from 43% to 62.4%. The stoichemetric air/fuel ratio required for both the gasifier and the cupola is found to be 7.86 and 10.52 respectively for proper combustion of their respective fuel. The chemistry in the various stages of the cupola furnace and reasons for that huge percentage of heat energy loss during melting process was properly discussed. It is possible to achieve a less coke demanding cupola furnace by hybridizing with a biomass gasifier. This would greatly reduce the amount of coke consumption in a foundry by using a cheaper and more readily available energy source that consumes gradually to supply a hot air blast (wood etc).
11 Grid Computing Adoptability Model for Collaborative Research in Universities
Kiget Kipkurui Nicholas, Karume Simon, Dr. Mugeni Gilbert
Abstract - Use of grid computing as a distributed computing paradigm for collaborative research in universities cannot be over emphasized. It is a technology which provides a platform on which computing resources from heterogeneous systems are brought together as needed by the users. Collaborating researchers who require huge computing resources can use this technology to do their work. A number of universities are in the process of adopting this technology however appropriate model to make the process easily achievable in developing countries' context is lacking. This study focused on developing grid computing adoption model for collaborative research in Universities in developing countries. The study had four objectives; to find out how universities that participated in UNESCO-HP brain gain and HP Catalyst initiatives engaged in collaborative research, to determine the extent of grid adoption in the selected universities, to evaluate critical success factors for adoptability of grid computing, and, to develop grid adoptability model for collaborative research. The study based on positivist philosophy adopted mixed methodology and survey design. The population targeted was the universities and research institution mainly in developing countries. The researcher used East Africa as a cluster zone and identified four Universities that participated in UNESCO-HP initiatives as a sample; University of Nairobi (UoN) and Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology (MMUST) in Kenya, Makerere University (MU) and Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST) in Uganda. The instruments used were structured questionnaires and interview guides. In this paper, we present results of the first two objectives of the study.
12 On The Binary Quadratic Equation
A.Vijayasankar, M.A.Gopalan, V.Krithika
Abstract - The binary quadratic equation x2-18xy+y2+32x=0 represents a hyperbola. In this paper we obtain a sequence of its integral solutions and present a few interesting relations among them.
13 Bacteria Genetic Engineering
Viyada Viyasar Kannan Ramakrishnan, Anshul Bhatia, Rishabh Ganjoo and Shail Chouksey
Abstract - Molecular communication holds the promise to enable communication between nanomachines with a view of increasing their functionalities and opening up new possible applications. Due to their biological properties, bacteria have been proposed as a possible information carrier for molecular communication, and the corresponding communication networks are known as bacterial nanonetworks. Individual molecules are to be used as building blocks to develop nanomachines but nanomachines cannot be assembled molecule by molecule with the existing technologies. So in the bio-hybrid approach, the naturally existing biological nanomachines are genetically modified by means of molecular engineering to achieve effective communication in the complex nanonetworks. In this paper, few major reasons for choosing bacteria genetic engineering to aid the encoding process and ways to incorporate information in genome along with the various applications of using bacteria as the information carrier are discussed. The challenges and the current advancements in the field of molecular communication are also analyzed.
14 DWT-OFDM Using DAPSK Modulation over AWGN, Flat Fading and Frequency Selective Channels
Ajeet Singh Thakur, Ritu Dubey
Abstract - Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is a modulation technique that is widely used in many wireless communication systems. Now-a-days the requirements of wireless communication are to have high voice quality, high data rates, multimedia features, lightweight communication devices etc. But the wireless communication channel suffers from much impairment. One of them is fading which is due to the effect of multiple propagation paths, and the rapid movement of mobile communication devices. In a typical wireless communication environment, multiple propagation paths often exist from a transmitter to a receiver due to scattering by different objects. So, this is necessary to reduce the problem of fading. In traditional OFDM based on fast Fourier transform (FFT) and discrete cosine transform (DCT) high side lobes are created. Hence, OFDM based on discrete wavelet transform is used in this work. DWT is more flexible in terms of data rate and has much lower side lobes than traditional OFDM. In this work, the performance of OFDM based on DWT is compared with that of traditional OFDM based on FFT and OFDM based on discrete cosine transform (DCT) through the use of differential amplitude phase shift keying (DAPSK) as modulation scheme. These systems are simulated over additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN), flat fading, and frequency-selective channels through MATLAB software. Simulation results reveal that the performance of the proposed system is better than that of the other two systems over all types of channels.
15 Broadband Passive Optical Networks (BPON): A Review
Baljinder Kaur, Ramandeep Kaur, Rajandeep Singh
Abstract - Passive Optical Networks (PON) are significant research interest at present for both the industry and the academia considering its successful deployment in the metro networks. The research is focused on enhancing the performance of the access segment of the passive optical networks. One of the main purposes of any communication networks is to reach the end users who are situated far away. BPON (Broadband Passive Optical Networks) have been evaluated in both upstream and downstream for their capability to reach the end users. Various parameters as fiber length, the number of users, data rate, wavelength, coding techniques and Bit Error Rate (BER) are considered while evaluating the BPON networks. This paper provides an insight into the research that has already been done about the BPON networks. It includes a brief history of PON, its types, BPON, architecture, applications and much more. The paper will assist the researchers to review the work that has been done in this field.
16 Modeling and Analysis of the Relationship of Octane, Cetane and Ignition Delay Usage
Kamalu C.I.O, Iwot O.A, Okere P.C, Ogah A.O, Obijiaku J.C
Abstract - This work successfully modeled and validated the relationship between octane number and cetane number for conversion from diesel to petrol engine and vice versa. The Ignition Quality Tester (IQT) was used to carry out combustion experimental work on diesel fuel involving Ignition delay - temperature relationship as well as ignition delay - pressure relationship. The same was used to determine cetane number - ignition delay, %volume additive - increase in cetane number and octane number - cetane number relationships. Tests were conducted at constant pressure and temperatures of 145psi and 828K respectively. Experimental data were curve-fitted at R2 of 0.9982%, 0.9952%, 0.9954%, 0.9937% and 0.9991% for ignition delay - pressure, %volume 2-EHN additive - increase in cetane number, cetane number - ignition delay, ignition delay - temperature, and octane number -cetane number experiments respectively. The experimental data agree very well with derived models and in real life. Model validation accuracy for the combustion relating to octane-cetane relationship gives R2 value of 0.9991 which affirms that experimental data agree well with the derived model. The work can be utilized in automobile industry to ascertain the equivalence of converting from one fuel to the other vis-a-vis octane and cetanes based fuels and also correlate variable parameters in fuel combustion as the case may be.
17 Color image compression technique for pattern recognition using Block Truncation Coding, Discrete Wavelet Transform, Embedded zerotree transform and fractal image compression
Yalavarthi Ramakrishna, V.Purna Chandra Rao
Abstract - In this paper we analyze the performance difference of different color image compression techniques for pattern recognition i.e. block truncation coding (BTC), wavelet, embedded zerotree transform and fractal image compression. This paper focuses important features of transform coding in compression of still images, including the extent to which the quality of image is degraded by the process of compression and decompression. The above techniques have been successfully used in many applications. The techniques are compared by using the performance parameters PSNR, CR and reduced size. Images obtained with those techniques yield very good results. Out of these techniques BTC and wavelet are symmetrical compression techniques, EZW and fractal are asymmetrical compression techniques. Symmetrical compression means encode time and decode time are same and almost negligible while in asymmetrical encode and decode time is different and it lake lot of seconds to compress the image.
18 Green Technology of MEMS Packaging for Subsurface Monitoring of Geothermal Reservoirs
Ujala Nyola, R. P. Sharma
Abstract - Energy companies and policy makers recognise the huge global potential of geothermal energy as a renewable resource for sustainable development. The fast growing thoughts and demand for the environment friendly energy production is driving the researchers to develop green electronics for automation and control of process parameters. The micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) for automotive control of the geothermal energy production process are playing key role in developing this sector of environment friendly energy. The high temperatures of the geothermal reservoirs emphasize on reliable packaging and strong lead attachments on MEMS devices. The source, channel and sink in MEMS devices are commonly fabricated in square shape. In this course of work isothermal solidification based packaging a Pb free technology using materials Au-In-Cu and Au-Sn-Ni combinations are developed and analyzed. The thermal and mechanical strengths of the interconnect specimen are tested and reported. The isothermal solidification morphology and crystallography are examined and discussed. Environment test results are also reported.
19 Environment Friendly Pb Free Interconnection Technology for Biomedical Devices
Ujala Nyola, R. P. Sharma
Abstract - The environmental concerns and pending legislation have driven the action towards hazardous free electronics. Current biomedical investigations and reports reveal the increasing toxic levels caused by human lead exposure. Wider applications of biomedical electronics and on chip micro systems in clinical labs and day to day patient health monitoring demand intense activities to develop Pb free solders and packaging techniques for microelectronic devices. Isothermal solidification based interconnection technique is Pb free and the process steps to fabricate high stable bonding are environment friendly. This paper report the Au - Cu interconnects fabricated and tested in different environments.
20 Optimize Disk Storage Space by Using Hybrid Compression Techniques Dwt Dct & Huffman Encoding Without Compromising On Image Quality
Yalavarthi Ramakrishna, V.Purna Chandra Rao
Abstract - Digital image and video in raw form require large amount of storage capacity. Image compression means reducing the size of graphics file, without compromising on its quality. Depending on the reconstructed image, to be exactly same as the original or some unidentified loss may be incurred, two techniques for compression exist. Two techniques are: lossy techniques and lossless techniques. Digital imaging and video play an important role in image processing therefore it is necessary to develop a system that produces high degree of compression while preserving critical image/video. In this paper we present hybrid model which is the combination of several compression techniques. This paper presents DWT and DCT implementation because these are the lossy techniques and also introduce Huffman encoding technique which is lossless. On several medical, endoscopic, Lena and Barbra images simulation has been carried out. At last implement lossless technique so our PSNR and MSE will go better than the old algorithms and due to DWT and DCT we will get good level of compression. The results show that the proposed hybrid algorithm performs much better in term of peak-signal-to-noise ratio with a higher compression ratio compared to standalone DCT and DWT algorithms.

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